Sulak et al v. American Eurocopter Corporation et al

Filing 24

ORDER (1) DENYING 9 DEFENDANT AMERICAN EUROCOPTER CORP'S MOTION TO DISMISS FOR LACK OF PERSONAL JURISDICTION AND (2) TRANSFERRING CASE TO THE U.S. DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS. Signed by JUDGE DAVID ALAN EZRA on 8/26/2009 . [Order follows hearing on Motion 9 held 8/24/2009; Minutes-docket entry no. 23 . Motion to Dismiss 11 : withdrawn.] (afc) CERTIFICATE OF SERVICEParticipants registered to receive electron ic notifications received this document electronically at the e-mail address listed on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF). Participants not registered to receive electronic notifications were served by first class mail on the date of this docket entry. A separate Court's Certificate of Service will be entered upon the electronic transfer of the case to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas.

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII ANDREW SULAK, individually and as the personal representative of the estate of William J. Sulak; and CARRIE M. SULAK, individually and as Next Friend of Avaleigh L. Garner, a minor, ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Plaintiffs, ) ) vs. ) ) AMERICAN EUROCOPTER ) CORP.; EADS NORTH AMERICA; ) EUROPEAN AERONAUTIC ) DEFENCE AND SPACE ) COMPANY EADS N.V.; JOHN ) DOES 1-10; JANE DOES 1-10; ) DOE PARTNERSHIPS 1-10; DOE ) CORPORATIONS 1-10; ROE ) BUSINESS ENTITIES 1-10; ROE ) "NON-PROFIT" CORPORATION ) 1-10; and ROE GOVERNMENTAL ) AGENCIES 1-10, ) ) Defendants. ) _____________________________ ) CV. NO. 09-00135 DAE-KSC ORDER (1) DENYING DEFENDANT AMERICAN EUROCOPTER CORP.'S MOTION TO DISMISS FOR LACK OF PERSONAL JURISDICTION AND (2) TRANSFERRING CASE TO THE U.S. DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS On August 24, 2009, the Court heard Defendants' Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Personal Jurisdiction. Allen Williams, Esq., appeared at the hearing on behalf of Plaintiffs, Paul Alston, Esq., Stephen Johnson, Esq., and Eric Strain, Esq., appeared at the hearing on behalf of Defendants. After reviewing the motion and the supporting and opposing memoranda, the Court (1) DENIES Defendant American Eurocopter Corp.'s Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Personal Jurisdiction; and (2) TRANSFERS the remainder of the case to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas. BACKGROUND This case arises from the tragic incident on March 8, 2007, when a helicopter piloted by William J. Sulak crashed at Princeville Airport, Kauai. (Doc. # 9 at 2.) Mr. Sulak ("Decedent") died from his injuries sustained in the crash.1 (Doc. # 15 at 4.) At the time of the crash, Decedent reported over the radio that the helicopter was experiencing hydraulic failure. (Id. at 5.) An investigation conducted by the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Transportation Safety Board Investigators determined that mechanical failure combined with faulty maintenance was the cause of the crash.2 Three other individuals were killed in the crash, and three more were injured. (Doc. # 15 at 4.) Among other failures, the "left lateral flight control servo hydraulic device that changes the pitch of the main rotor blades became disconnected in flight, and that the lower clevis of the left lateral servo was not longer attached to (continued...) 2 2 1 Plaintiffs Andrew Sulak and Carrie Sulak are the surviving children of William Sulak. Plaintiff Avaleigh Garner, a minor, is the surviving granddaughter of William Sulak. (Doc. # 1 Ex. A at 2.) Defendant American Eurocopter Corp. ("AEC") sold and provided technical support for Eurocopter3 helicopters until 2003, when it was taken over by American Eurocopter LLC. (09-136 Doc. # 9 at 2.) AEC is a Delaware corporation with its principle place of business in Texas. Defendant EADS North American ("EADS NA") is a Delaware corporation with its principle place of business in Virginia. (09-136 Cardin Doc. # 11 Decl. 2.) On March 6, 2009, Plaintiffs Andrew Sulak and Carrie Sulak as next friend of Avaleigh Garner ("Plaintiffs") filed suit in the State of Hawaii Circuit Court of the Fifth Circuit against Defendants AEC, EADS NA, and other unnamed parties (collectively, "the Defendants"). (Doc. # 1 Ex. A.) On March 3, 2009, National Union Fire Insurance Company, the insurer of the owner and operator of the helicopter at the time of the accident, filed a separate lawsuit against the same (...continued) the servo." (Doc. # 15 at 6.) 3 2 Formerly known as Aerospatiale, Inc. (09-136 Doc. # 17 Ex. P at 1a.) 3 defendants, Case No. CV-09-00136 DAE-LEK. The suits were subsequently removed to this Court on March 31, 2009 but not consolidated (Doc. # 1.) In their Complaint, Plaintiffs assert that: (1) the crash was a result of the negligence of Defendants, and Decedent and Decedent's estate is entitled to recover damages under HRS 663-8 and 663-3; (2) due to Defendants' negligence, Plaintiffs have suffered pecuniary injury and loss of affection as provided in HRS 663-3; (3) Defendants are strictly liable for Plaintiffs' injuries and damages; (4) breach of warranties of the helicopter and component parts by Defendants resulted in Plaintiffs' injuries and damages; and (5) Defendants willfully and maliciously failed to inspect or warn of defective conditions. (Compl. at 5-9.) On April 22, 2009, AEC filed a motion to dismiss on the ground that the Court lacks personal jurisdiction over it in this case. (Doc. # 9.) On the same day, EADS NA also filed a motion dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction.4 (Doc. # 11.) On July 13, 2009, Plaintiffs filed their Opposition to AEC's Motion, (Doc. # 15), and their Opposition to EADS NA's Motion, (Doc. # 16). On July 20, 2009, AEC filed its Reply. (Doc. # 18.) Also on July 20, 2009, EADS NA filed its Reply. (Doc. # 19.) The Court makes note that on April 22, 2009, both defendants filed separate motions to dismiss for lack of jurisdiction in response to the complaint filed by National Union Fire Insurance Co., Case No. CV-09-00136 DAE-LEK. 4 4 On the hearing on the matter on August 24, 2009, the parties orally stipulated to withdraw the complaint against EADS NA and file an amended complaint that does not include EADS NA. Accordingly, this Order does not address the motion to dismiss filed by EADS NA. (Doc. # 11.) The parties to the instant motion have incorporated the facts and evidence presented in the companion case brought by National Union Fire Insurance Co., Case No. CV-09-00136 DAE-LEK. Where applicable, this Court will refer to those companion case documents by prefacing the document name with "09-136." STANDARD OF REVIEW Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(2), a defendant may move to dismiss a complaint for lack of personal jurisdiction. A plaintiff has the burden of establishing jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant. Schwarzenegger v. Fred Martin Motor Co., 374 F.3d 797, 800 (9th Cir. 2004); Ziegler v. Indian River County, 64 F.3d 470, 473 (9th Cir. 1995). When, as here, a district court acts on a defendant's motion to dismiss without holding an evidentiary hearing, the plaintiff need only make a prima facie showing of jurisdictional facts to withstand the motion to dismiss. Schwarzenegger, 374 F.3d at 800; Ziegler, 64 F.3d at 473. 5 In determining whether a plaintiff has made a prima facie showing of jurisdictional facts, the court must accept uncontroverted allegations in the complaint as true. Dole Food Co. v. Watts, 303 F.3d 1104, 1108 (9th Cir. 2002). If the defendant presents evidence to contradict the allegations in the complaint, the plaintiff must go beyond the pleadings and present affirmative proof of personal jurisdiction through affidavits and declarations. See id. Conflicts between the parties' affidavits and other discovery materials must be resolved in favor of the plaintiff. Id. DISCUSSION I. Personal Jurisdiction In order to exercise personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant, the Court must consider whether: (1) the forum state has an applicable long-arm statute that confers jurisdiction over nonresidents; and (2) the assertion of personal jurisdiction comports with the constitutional requirements of due process. Miracle v. N.Y.P. Holdings, Inc., 87 F. Supp. 2d 1060, 1064 (D. Haw. 2000); Complaint of Damodar Bulk Carriers, Ltd., 903 F.2d 675, 678 (9th Cir. 1990). Hawaii's long-arm statute extends jurisdiction to the extent permitted by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Cowan v. First Ins. Co. of Haw., 608 P.2d 394, 399 (Haw. 1980). Therefore, the jurisdictional analyses under state law and 6 federal due process are the same. Complaint of Damodar Bulk Carriers, 903 F.2d at 679. For the Court to exercise personal jurisdiction over a nonresident defendant, the defendant must have at least minimum contacts with the forum state such that the exercise of jurisdiction "does not offend traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice." Int'l Shoe Co. v. Washington, 326 U.S. 310, 316 (1945) (internal quotations and citation omitted); Schwarzenegger, 374 F.3d at 801. The defendant's conduct must have been such that he should reasonably anticipate being haled into court in Hawaii. See Harris Rutsky & Co. Ins. Servs., Inc., 328 F.3d 1122, 1130 (9th Cir. 2003). Two forms of personal jurisdiction exist, general and specific. Dole Food, 303 F.3d at 1111. For general jurisdiction to exist, the defendant must engage in "continuous and systematic general business contacts," that "approximate physical presence" in the forum state. This is an exacting standard, as it should be, because a finding of general jurisdiction permits a defendant to be haled into court in the forum state to answer for any of its activities anywhere in the world. Schwarzenegger, 374 F.3d at 801 (citations omitted). "Factors to be taken into consideration are whether the defendant makes sales, solicits or engages in 7 business in the state, serves the state's markets, designates an agent for service of process, holds a license, or is incorporated there." Bancroft & Masters, Inc. v. Augusta Nat'l Inc., 223 F.3d 1082, 1086 (9th Cir. 2000) overruled in part on other grounds by Yahoo! Inc. v. La Ligue Contre Le Racisme Et L'Antisemitisme, 433 F.3d 1199 (9th Cir. 2006) (en banc ). The assertion of general jurisdiction must always be reasonable. Amoco Egypt Oil Co. v. Leonis Navigation Co., 1 F.3d 848, 852-53 (9th Cir. 1993). The Ninth Circuit has set a high standard for general jurisdiction. See Yahoo! Inc. v. La Ligue Contre Le Racisme Et L'Antisemitisme, 433 F.3d 1199, 1205 (9th Cir. 2006). Where a person does not have sufficient contacts to support general jurisdiction, a court may still exercise specific personal jurisdiction over the person if the following requirements are met: (1) the non-resident defendant must purposefully direct his activities or consummate some transaction with the forum or resident thereof; or perform some act by which he purposefully avails himself of the privileges of conducting activities in the forum, thereby invoking the benefits and protections of its laws; (2) the claim must be one which arises out of or relates to the defendant's forum-related activities; and 8 (3) the exercise of jurisdiction must comport with fair play and substantial justice, i.e. it must be reasonable. Harris Rutsky, 328 F.3d at 1129 (citation omitted). II. American Eurocopter Corp.'s Motion to Dismiss AEC presents evidence (in the form of declarations and reports) to contradict Plaintiffs's allegation that this Court has personal jurisdiction over Defendants. Therefore, Plaintiffs must go beyond the pleadings and present affirmative proof of personal jurisdiction. For the reasons discussed below, this Court finds that Plaintiffs have not met their burden to make a prima facie showing of either general or specific jurisdiction over defendant AEC. A. General Jurisdiction AEC provides the declaration of Kevin Cabaniss, Secretary and formerly General Counsel for AEC, as evidence to contradict Plaintiff's assertion that this Court has general jurisdiction over AEC. AEC is a Delaware corporation with principle place of business in Texas. (Cabaniss Mot. Decl. 3.) AEC is not currently registered to do business in Hawaii, was not registered to do business in Hawaii at the time of the helicopter crash, has never had employees permanently based in Hawaii, has never held any bank accounts or telephone listings in Hawaii, 9 and has never owned real property here. (Id. 4.) AEC was registered in Hawaii from 2000 to 2004, to "pursue a revenue collections matter that is unrelated to this lawsuit." (Id.) Plaintiffs, by incorporating the arguments of National Union, assert that AEC has sufficient contact with Hawaii to satisfy the requirements for general jurisdiction "through its sale of helicopters and the maintenance and training services AEC provides to its Hawaii customers." (09-136 Opp'n at 12-13.) In support of this assertion, Plaintiffs do not submit affidavits or declarations, instead, Plaintiffs present websites and a press release purportedly describing AEC's business activities in Hawaii and helicopter sales by AEC to three Hawaii companies. This Court will consider the information offered by Plaintiffs, despite the fact that Plaintiffs do not offer testimony, apart from its own attorney, authenticating the information in the documents. First, a February 22, 2009 press release states that Blue Hawaiian Helicopters operates 17 Eurocopter helicopters (sold by AEC's predecessor, Eurocopter), with four new helicopters planned in the future. (09-136 Opp'n Ex. C.) These helicopters are a different model than the helicopter that crashed on Kauai. (09-136 Opp'n at 14.) Blue Hawaiian's website also advertises that it participated in the paint-design of one of AEC's helicopters, the EC-130B4. 10 (09-136 Opp'n Ex. D.) Next, Plaintiffs submit Island Helicopters' website, which states that it operates two AEC A-Star helicopters. (09-136 Opp'n Ex. H.) Finally, Plaintiffs submit Air Maui's webpage that "indicates it uses American Eurocopter helicopters." (09-136 Opp'n at 16; 09-136 Opp'n Ex. K.) AEC correctly relies on Ninth Circuit precedent Bancroft & Masters, Inc. v. Augusta Nat'l, Inc., 223 F.3d 1082 (9th Cir. 2000) to argue that engaging in commerce with Hawaii companies, alone, is not enough to justify exercising general jurisdiction. (Reply at 5.) For this Court to exercise general jurisdiction over AEC because of contacts unrelated to the Kauai crash, AEC's contacts with Hawaii must be "substantial" or "continuous and systematic." 223 F.3d at 1086. In Bancroft, the Ninth Circuit found no general jurisdiction because the defendant paid no taxes in the state, maintained no bank account, targeted no print, television, or radio advertising in the state, and made only occasional unsolicited sales of tickets and merchandise to state residents. Id. at 1086. Importantly, the defendant in Bancroft had license agreements with television networks and vendors, but this was not enough for general jurisdiction the agreements constituted doing business with California, but not doing business in California. The court stated that "engaging in commerce with residents of the forum state is not in and of itself the kind of activity that approximates physical presence within the state's borders." 11 Id. (emphasis added). Likewise, AEC provides the declaration of American Eurocopter LLC Senior Director of Contracts that all sales and deliveries of helicopters occurred outside of Hawaii. (Cogburn Reply Decl. 3.) The evidence provided by Plaintiffs regarding the period of time from 2000 to 2004 when AEC was registered to do business in Hawaii, primarily for purposes other than the sale of these helicopters, (Mot. at 5-6), states that the helicopters and parts were sold in Texas. (Opp'n Ex. 10.) Similarly, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia v. Hall that a company that purchased 80% of its helicopter fleet, spare parts, and accessories from a Texas company, sent pilots to Texas for training, and sent management and maintenance personnel to Texas for technical consultation was not subject to general jurisdiction in Texas. 466 U.S. 408, 411, 418 (1984). The Supreme Court concluded that "mere purchases, even if occurring at regular intervals, are not enough to warrant a State's assertion of in personam jurisdiction over a nonresident corporation in a cause of action not related to those purchase transactions." Id. at 418. Only 47 of AEC's 1750 helicopters are operated in Hawaii less than 3 percent of its fleet. (Reply at 6; Brown Reply Decl. 3.) This falls far below the rate in Helicopteros. In Shute v. Carnival Cruise Lines, the Ninth Circuit declined 12 to exercise general jurisdiction over defendant who derived 1.29% of its business from the residents of forum state. 897 F.2d 377, 381 (9th Cir. 1990), rev'd on other grounds, 499 U.S. 585 (1991). This Court will not exercise general jurisdiction over AEC, with only a few dozen instances of business exchanges documented with website articles. Plaintiffs further argue for jurisdiction because, in addition to the business AEC has conducted with Hawaii companies, AEC has on one documented occasion provided training to pilots in Hawaii and has a service center in Hawaii. (09-136 Opp'n at 16-17.) Plaintiffs' evidence of the pilot training is a website article from 2006 wherein American Eurocopter LLC announced it had trained approximately 100 pilots in Hawaii. (09-136 Opp'n Ex. M.) The Court notes that the article actually states that American Eurocopter LLC conducted the training, not AEC, and American Eurocopter LLC is not a party to this lawsuit. Even if this Court were to impute this to AEC, pilot training in the forum state is not sufficient to create general jurisdiction over the defendant, without more. See Helicopteros, 466 U.S. at 411. Plaintiffs' argument that AEC maintains a service center and technical support contact is equally unavailing. AEC lists "Rotor Wing Hawaii" in Honolulu as a location that Eurocopter helicopters might be taken to be serviced. (09-136 13 Opp'n Ex. N at 2.) Documents before this Court indicates that Rotor Wing Hawaii is a separate business entity, and the fact that it services AEC helicopters is not enough to generate jurisdiction over AEC for a matter unrelated to this contact. Plaintiff also states that Tom Brown of AEC is the technical representative for Hawaii. (09-136 Opp'n Ex. L.) But as AEC notes, Mr. Brown's permanent office is located in Nevada, and his contact phone number has a Nevada area code. (09136 Reply at 7.) These contacts are insufficient to establish the pervasiveness of activity in Hawaii that is required for this Court to exercise general jurisdiction over AEC. See Congoleum Corp v. DLW Aktiengesellschaft, 729 F.2d 1240, 1242 (9th Cir. 1984) ("[N]o court has ever held that the maintenance of even a substantial sales force within the state is a sufficient contact to assert jurisdiction in an unrelated cause of action.") Given the high standard the Ninth Circuit has set for general jurisdiction, the evidence submitted by Plaintiffs to establish general jurisdiction falls short. See Yahoo! Inc. v. La Ligue Contre Le Racisme Et L'Antisemitisme, 433 F.3d 1199 (9th Cir. 2006). "Unless a defendant's contacts with a forum are so substantial, continuous, and systematic that the defendant can be deemed to be `present' in that forum for all purposes, a forum may exercise only `specific' 14 jurisdiction that is, jurisdiction based on the relationship between the defendant's forum contacts and the plaintiff's claim." Id. at 1205. B. Specific Jurisdiction Plaintiffs, by incorporating the arguments of National Union, assert that this Court may exercise specific jurisdiction over AEC based on AEC's alleged post-sale maintenance of Eurocopter helicopters and on AEC's alleged failure to warn of helicopter defects. (09-136 Opp'n at 18.) The first requirement for specific jurisdiction necessitates that a defendant has purposefully availed itself of the forum. It is well established that "the placement of a product into the stream of commerce, without more, is not an act purposefully directed toward a forum state." Holland America Line Inc. v. Wartsila N. Am., Inc., 485 F.3d 450, 459 (9th Cir. 2007) (citing Asahi Metal Indus. Co. v. Superior Court, 480 U.S. 102 (1987)). Even a defendant's awareness that the stream of commerce may "sweep the product into the forum state does not convert the mere act of placing the product into the stream of commerce into an act purposefully directed toward the forum state." Id. AEC first sold this particular helicopter to a Colorado company in 1980, and then after re-acquiring the helicopter, sold it again to a Louisiana 15 company in 1997. (Mot. at 3.) AEC was not a party to any subsequent transaction by third-parties that caused the helicopter to be operated by Heli USA in Hawaii. (Id.) AEC is not subject to specific jurisdiction based on the third-party action that brought the helicopter to Hawaii, and Plaintiffs fail to provide evidence to satisfy the requirement that AEC purposefully availed itself of this forum with this helicopter. Plaintiffs offer two bases to satisfy the "arising out of" requirement for specific jurisdiction: (1) AEC's post-sale maintenance of the helicopter; and (2) AEC's failure to warn of the defect. (09-136 Opp'n at 19-20.) This Court will address each following the Ninth Circuit's "but for" test. See Ballard v. Savage, 65 F.3d 1495, 1500 (9th Cir. 1995). Without citing a single case or document in support, Plaintiffs argue that AEC's purported post-sale involvement in the maintenance of the helicopter provides a basis for this Court to find purposeful availment.5 (09-136 Opp'n at 18.) Plaintiffs do not offer any evidence that AEC has conducted post-sale maintenance of the helicopter. Plaintiffs make general references to the existence Plaintiffs complain that AEC has "failed to provide some very important facts concerning its role . . . for the subject helicopter" and "fails to discuss its responsibility to Decedent." (Opp'n at 12-13.) But contrary to Plaintiffs' assertions, it is Plaintiffs' initial burden to establish personal jurisdiction. 16 5 of the Rotor Wing Hawaii service center and the presence of a technical representative (based in Nevada), discussed above. But at the time of the incident, the subject helicopter was owned by Jan Leasings, a Nevada company, and operated by Heli USA Airways. (Cabaniss Mot. Decl. 6.) At the time of the incident, the maintenance personnel and operator of the helicopter were from Heli USA, not AEC. There is no evidence before this Court that any post-sale maintenance by AEC caused the accident.6 For its second theory to satisfy the "arising out of" requirement, Plaintiff claims that if AEC had warned Heli USA of the helicopter defect, then Heli USA would have addressed the defects and the accident would not have happened. (09-136 Opp'n at 19-20.) Although there is not extensive published case law on this subject in this circuit, this Court determines that a passive failure to warn is not the purposeful availment that is required for this Court to exercise Plaintiffs state that AEC was "responsible for manufacturing, marketing, selling, assembling, supporting and training for Eurocopter rotary-wing aircraft in the United States, which included specifically Hawaii." (Opp'n at 10.) They refer to an FAA-issued "Special Airworthiness Information Bulletin" about the potential for servo disconnect, which directed injuries about service information to AEC. (Opp'n Ex. 5 at 3.) This announcement, however, presumably was released nationwide, and made no reference to the accident at issue here or AEC's contact with Hawaii. It was simply a notification that referred operators to the original maker of the helicopter. 17 6 personal jurisdiction over AEC under these facts. Instead of arguing that AEC purposefully availed itself of the forum, Plaintiff is arguing that AEC did nothing regarding this particular helicopter. See Chlebda v. H.E. Fortna and Bro. Inc., 809 F.2d 1022, 1023-24 (1st Cir. 1979) (holding that a failure to act could not furnish the minimum contact with the forum state). Plaintiff cannot "transform a failure to act that was directed nowhere in particular to a purposeful availment of the laws of one specific state." Pettengill v. Curtis, 584 F. Supp. 2d 348, 358-59 (D. Mass. 2008); see also Fiske v. Sandvik Mining, 540 F. Supp. 2d 250, 254 (D. Mass. 2008) ("[A] negligent act or failure to act outside the state cannot be considered an act or omission in [the state].") "[G]rounding jurisdiction solely on [an] allegation of such an omission might remove any limitation upon a state's assertion of personal jurisdiction and . . . be beyond `traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice.'" Cary v. Beech, 679 F.2d 1051, 1061 n.10 (3rd Cir. 1982) (quoting Walsh v. Nat'l Seating Co., 411 F. Supp. 564, 570 (D. Mass. 1976), superceded in part by statute, 48 U.S.C. 1612 (subject matter jurisdiction of the District court of the Virgin islands). 18 Even if a court were to exercise personal jurisdiction over a defendant for failure to act or failure to warn, that jurisdiction would most properly arise at AEC's corporate headquarters or place of manufacture neither of which are Hawaii. See id. at 1060. Because Plaintiffs have failed to meet either of the first two requirements for specific jurisdiction over AEC, this Court need not address the third. The Court finds that the Court may not exercise personal jurisdiction over AEC, and in the interests of justice and equity, that jurisdiction is most properly exercised by the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, as discussed below. Accordingly, this Court DENIES AEC's motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction. III. Request to Conduct Discovery In their Opposition, Plaintiffs request that this Court allow Plaintiffs to conduct discovery to establish AEC's contacts with Hawaii. This Court has broad discretion to deny or permit discovery. See Laub v. United States Dep't of the Interior, 342 F.3d 1080, 1093 (9th Cir. 2003). Based on this Court's review of 19 the evidence presented and belief that a denial of discovery will not result in actual or substantial prejudice, the request to conduct discovery is DENIED. IV. Request to Transfer Plaintiffs Sulak et al. and National Union assert that dismissal of their claim would result in prejudice because Plaintiffs would be time-barred from re-filing the lawsuit in Texas and requests that this court transfer venue to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas.7 AEC is a Delaware corporation with its principle place of business in Texas. Pursuant to the Court's authority under 28 U.S.C. 1404 and 28 U.S.C. 1406, and in the interests of justice and equity, the Court transfers the matter of defendant AEC to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas. All pending matters and motions shall be transferred as well. This Court is aware that a related action was filed by American Eurocopter LLC on March 3, 2008, in the same Northern District of Texas court, seeking declaratory judgment as to liability for the helicopter accident. Action No. 4:09CV-137-Y. (09-136 Opp'n Ex. A.) That court declined to hear the action because of the pending cases in this Court. The declaratory judgment action, however, could not resolve whether this Court can exercise personal jurisdiction over Defendants, and this Court has determined that it cannot. 20 7 CONCLUSION For the reasons stated above, the Court (1) DENIES Defendant American Eurocopter Corp.'s Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Personal Jurisdiction; and (2) TRANSFERS the case to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas. IT IS SO ORDERED. DATED: Honolulu, Hawaii, August 26, 2009. _____________________________ David Alan Ezra United States District Judge Sulak et al. v. Am. Eurocopter Corp. et al., CV No. 09-00135 DAE-KSC; ORDER (1) DENYING DEFENDANT AMERICAN EUROCOPTER CORP.'S MOTION TO DISMISS FOR LACK OF PERSONAL JURISDICTION, AND (2) TRANSFERRING CASE TO THE U.S. DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS 21

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