Shahata v. W Steak Waikiki, LLC
REPORT OF SPECIAL MASTER RECOMMENDING THAT THE 30 MOTION OF R. STEVEN GESHELL FOR AN AWARD OF ATTORNEY'S FEES, COSTS AND LIEN FOR REPRESENTING PLAINTIFF BE GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART: "Based on the foregoing, this Court, acting as Special Master, FINDS and RECOMMENDS that the Motion of R. Steven Geshell For an Award of Attorney's Fees, Costs, and Lien for Representing Plaintiff, filed November 10, 2009, be GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART. The Court recommends that the Motion be granted with respect to 1) the request for attorneys' fees and that the district court award Mr. Geshell $2,328.91 in attorneys' fees and tax and 2) the imposition of a lien for said amount. The Court recommends that the Motion be denied without prejudice as to the request for costs. IT IS SO FOUND AND RECOMMENDED." Signed by Magistrate JUDGE KEVIN S.C. CHANG on December 30, 2009. (bbb, )CERTIFICATE OF SERVICEParticipants re gistered to receive electronic notifications received this document electronically at the e-mail address listed on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF). Participants not registered to receive electronic notifications were served by first class mail on the date of this docket entry. (*Order adopting sent via email to firstname.lastname@example.org)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII ISMAIL SHAHATA, ) ) Plaintiff, ) ) vs. ) ) W STEAK WAIKIKI, LLC, a ) Hawaii limited liability ) company, ) ) Defendant. ) ___________________________ ) CIVIL NO. 09-00231 ACK-KSC REPORT OF SPECIAL MASTER RECOMMENDING THAT THE MOTION OF R. STEVEN GESHELL FOR AN AWARD OF ATTORNEY'S FEES, COSTS AND LIEN FOR REPRESENTING PLAINTIFF BE GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART
REPORT OF SPECIAL MASTER RECOMMENDING THAT THE MOTION OF R. STEVEN GESHELL FOR AN AWARD OF ATTORNEY'S FEES, COSTS AND LIEN FOR REPRESENTING PLAINTIFF BE GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART Before the Court is the Motion of R. Steven Geshell For an Award of Attorney's Fees, Costs, and Lien for Representing Plaintiff ("Motion"), filed November 10, 2009. As directed by the Court, Mr.
Geshell filed a supplemental memorandum on November 16, 2009. On November 24, 2009, Defendant W Steak Waikiki, On
LLC ("Defendant") filed a Statement of No Position. December 15, 2009, Plaintiff Ismail Shahata ("Plaintiff") filed an Objection to the Motion. Geshell filed a Reply on December 17, 2009. Mr.
This matter came on for hearing on December 29,
Mr. Geshell appeared; Plaintiff appeared by
phone pro se;1 and Hope Bennett, Esq., appeared on behalf of Defendant. After carefully reviewing the
Motion, the supporting and opposing memoranda, and the relevant case law, the Court FINDS and RECOMMENDS that the Motion be GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART for the reasons set forth below. BACKGROUND Plaintiff commenced this action on May 21, 2009. By way of document titled "Attorney
Substitution" dated October 27, 2009, and received by the Court on October 29, 2009, Plaintiff informed the Court that he had relieved his attorney, Mr. Geshell. On November 2, 2009, Mr. Geshell filed a Motion to Withdraw as Attorney for Plaintiff, which the Court granted. DISCUSSION Mr. Geshell requests fees and costs in the amount of $2,350.21 due to his premature discharge
At the hearing, Plaintiff requested that he be allowed to use an interpreter, Mohamed Tarakji, and the Court so permitted. 2
Plaintiff asserts that at no time was Although
he satisfied with Mr. Geshell's services.
disputed by Mr. Geshell, Plaintiff claims that he enlisted the assistance of a third party to advise Mr. Geshell about how to proceed with the case, and whose assistance resulted in the commencement of this action. Because the basis of jurisdiction in this case is diversity, the Court looks to Hawaii law in assessing Mr. Geshell's entitlement to attorneys' fees. In Hawaii, it is established that [w]hen an attorney who is employed on a contingent fee contract is discharged without fault on his part before the happening of the contingency, the contingent fee contract is ended and the attorney is entitled to an award of the reasonable value of his services as agreed upon or as determined by the court under the guidelines of Sharp v. Hui Wahine, Inc., 49 Haw. 241, 413 P.2d 242 (1966), but in the exercise of its discretion. Hoddick, Reinwald, O'Connor & Marrack v. Lotsof, 6 Haw. App. 296, 303, 719 P.2d 1107, 1113 (1986) (citing Booker v. Midpac Lumber Co., Ltd., 65 Haw. 166, 649 P.2d 376 (1982)). Here, the Court finds that Mr. Geshell is
entitled to an award of reasonable attorneys' fees and costs for his services from the commencement of the attorney-client relationship to the time of his termination. Based on the record before the Court, it
appears that Mr. Geshell was terminated without fault, despite Plaintiff's allegations to the contrary. At the hearing, Plaintiff, through his interpreter Mohamed Tarakji, presented arguments not included in his Objections to the Motion. Consequently, the arguments carry little to no weight. The Court instead finds that Mr. Geshell's actions, upon which Plaintiff justifies his discharge, were appropriate and consistent with the practice in this Court. First, Mr. Geshell properly filed the Complaint in this Court,2 and successfully obtained in forma pauperis status for Plaintiff. Plaintiff takes issue
with a purported contradiction in the amount of damages Mr. Geshell represented he would seek and those
Plaintiff erroneously believes that Mr. Geshell improperly filed the Complaint here and should have instead commenced the action in Virginia. 4
specifically requested in the Complaint. contradiction.
There is no
The Complaint includes certain special
damage amounts, but also prays for special, general, and punitive damages in amounts to be proven at trial. Significantly, while Plaintiff now voices his protestation, contained in the Complaint is his verification that he read the Complaint, knew the contents thereof, and that the contents were true. Verified Compl. See
At the hearing, Mr. Tarakji confirmed
that at the time the Complaint was filed, he had translated the substance of the Complaint for Plaintiff. Second, Plaintiff's concerns about Mr. Geshell's alleged improper scheduling are unfounded. The dates and deadlines set forth in the Rule 16 Scheduling Order are Court-imposed. Mr. Geshell did
not have the power to expedite this action, nor was he in a position to control the Court's calendar. Third, the fact that Mr. Geshell did not file a motion for summary judgment prior to conducting and receiving requisite discovery from Defendant, does not 5
demonstrate or establish any inadequacy or incompetence in his representation of Plaintiff such that discharge with fault would be justified. Plaintiff maintains
that Mr. Geshell was supposed to file a motion for summary judgment. However, under the Scheduling Order,
the deadline for dispositive motions is March 17, 2010. Attorneys ordinarily and regularly file dispositive motions, such as motions for summary judgment, on the deadline. In fact, it is rather uncommon for attorneys
to file motions for summary judgment months in advance of the deadline and before the parties have conducted formal discovery. Having determined that Plaintiff discharged Mr. Geshell without fault, the Court must now assess the reasonableness of the fees and costs requested. careful review of Mr. Geshell's timesheet and Declaration, the Court finds that his hourly rate of $250 is manifestly reasonable, and is consistent with and even below the prevailing rates in the community for similar services performed by attorneys of comparable experience, skill and reputation. 6 In After
addition, the Court finds that Mr. Geshell reasonably and necessarily expended 8.9 hours on this action. Accordingly, the Court recommends that he be awarded $2,328.91 in attorneys' fees and tax.3 With respect to Mr. Geshell's request for costs, the Court recommends denial without prejudice. Insofar as Mr. Geshell did not provide the Court with supporting documentation for his request, as required by Local Rule 54.2(f)(4), the Court is unable to determine whether the request is reasonable. Geshell may renew his request. Mr.
However, any renewed
request for costs should be supported with appropriate documentation and should comply with the applicable Local Rules. Finally, the Court recommends that the district court impose a lien for the recommended $2,328.91 award of fees, pursuant to both Hoddick, Reinwald, O'Connor & Marrack v. Lotsof and the Contingency Fee Contract
This award is reasonable despite Plaintiff's in forma pauperis status, as Mr. Geshell only seeks to recover the fees from any judgment or settlement that Plaintiff may obtain. 7
("Contract") executed by Mr. Geshell and Plaintiff on February 25, 2009. Under the terms of the Contract,
Plaintiff "expressly assigns to Counsel, to the extent of the amounts payable under Paragraphs 2 and 3 hereof, the right to receive any sum(s) realized by way of settlement or judgment and grants a lien to Counsel as to such sum(s)." Mot., Ex. 1 at ¶ 5. Plaintiff has
not argued, nor is there evidence to suggest, that the Contract is unenforceable.4 Even if Plaintiff had not contractually granted a lien, or the Contract was unenforceable, Hawaii recognizes the right of a discharged attorney who served under a contingent fee agreement to "assert a charging lien for costs advanced and reasonable attorney fees against his former client's recovery in the case." Hoddick, 6 Haw. App. at 304, 719 P.2d at
1114 (citing Carroll v. Miyashiro, 50 Haw. 413, 441
At the hearing, Plaintiff argued that he signed a retainer without understanding it or reviewing it. It is unclear whether the retainer and the Contract are the same document. For the purposes of this Motion, it is irrelevant because there is an independent legal basis for the imposition of a lien. 8
P.2d 638 (1968)).
Thus, the Court finds that the
imposition of a lien for the amount of the aforementioned attorneys' fees (as well as any costs that may be taxed against Plaintiff in the future) is appropriate. CONCLUSION Based on the foregoing, this Court, acting as Special Master, FINDS and RECOMMENDS that the Motion of R. Steven Geshell For an Award of Attorney's Fees, Costs, and Lien for Representing Plaintiff, filed November 10, 2009, be GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART. The Court recommends that the Motion be granted
with respect to 1) the request for attorneys' fees and that the district court award Mr. Geshell $2,328.91 in attorneys' fees and tax and 2) the imposition of a lien for said amount. The Court recommends that the Motion
be denied without prejudice as to the request for costs.
IT IS SO FOUND AND RECOMMENDED. DATED: Honolulu, Hawaii, December 30, 2009.
_____________________________ Kevin S.C. Chang United States Magistrate Judge
SHAHATA V. W STEAK WAIKIKI, LLC; CIVIL NO. 09-00231 ACK-KSC; REPORT OF SPECIAL MASTER RECOMMENDING THAT MOTION OF R. STEVEN GESHELL FOR AN AWARD OF ATTORNEY'S FEES, COSTS AND LIEN FOR REPRESENTING PLAINTIFF BE GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART
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