Davis v. KHNL/KGMB LLC et al
ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT BUT ALLOWING THE FILING OF AN AMENDED COMPLAINT re 1 , 13 - Signed by CHIEF JUDGE SUSAN OKI MOLLWAY on 5/28/2015. "The court dismisses Davis's § 1983 and conspiracy to violate § 1983 claims and declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the remaining state-law claims. Davis is given leave to file a motion seeking leave to file an Amended Complaint no later than June 10, 2015. Any such mo tion must attach a copy of the proposed Amended Complaint, which must be a complete document and shall not incorporate by reference any other document. Failure to file such a motion by that date will result in entry of judgment by the Clerk o f Court in favor of Defendants." "Davis may alternatively want to consider filing any viable state-law claim in state court and then conducting discovery to determine whether he has a factual basis for asserting a federal c onstitutional violation under § 1983 in an amended complaint." (emt, )CERTIFICATE OF SERVICEParticipants registered to receive electronic notifications received this document electronically at the e-mail address listed on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF). Participants not registered to receive electronic notifications were served by first class mail on the date of this docket entry
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII
JEFFREY A. DAVIS,
KHNL/KGMB, LLC, a foreign
limited liability company;
RAYCOM MEDIA, INC., a foreign )
limited liability company;
OAHU PUBLICATIONS, INC., a
domestic profit corporation; )
UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII; STATE
OF HAWAII; et al.,
CIVIL NO. 14-00483 SOM/BMK
ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT
BUT ALLOWING THE FILING OF AN
ORDER DISMISSING COMPLAINT BUT ALLOWING
THE FILING OF AN AMENDED COMPLAINT
Plaintiff Jeffrey A. Davis was a candidate for Governor
of the State of Hawaii in the November 2014 election and received
1.7% of the vote.
Davis was not invited to participate in a
televised debate sponsored by Defendant KHNL/KGMB, LLC, a news
The three leading candidates participated in the
debate, which was held at a conference room located at the
University of Hawaii Cancer Center in Kakaako, near downtown
The conference center has glass windows.
he and his supporters went to the debate to exercise their free
speech rights in a civil and nondisruptive manner by holding
signs outside the conference center’s glass windows.
Davis says his free speech rights were interfered with
in violation of the First Amendment and state law when a private
security guard attempted to prevent him from coming onto the
property, threatened Davis with arrest if he did, and placed a
hand on Davis’s chest.
However, the Complaint lacks factual
allegations supporting viable First Amendment claims actionable
under 42 U.S.C. § 1983.
Specifically, the Complaint lacks
allegations from which it can be inferred that the private
security guard’s actions can be considered state action for
purposes of a § 1983 claim.
While the Complaint refers to other
security guards employed by the University of Hawaii, a state
institution, the Complaint does not allege that they knew about,
condoned, or ratified the private security guard’s conduct.
does the Complaint include factual allegations indicating that
any of the security guards intended to chill or deter Davis’s
speech, as there are no allegations that any of them knew what
Davis intended to do on the property.
Davis’s § 1983 claim and
§ 1983 conspiracy claim premised on the First Amendment are
The court declines to exercise supplemental
jurisdiction over the remaining state-law claims.
RULE 12(b)(6) STANDARD.
Under Rule 12(b)(6) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure, a court’s review of the sufficiency of a complaint is
generally limited to the contents of the complaint.
v. Nat’l Educ. Ass’n, 629 F.3d 992, 998 (9th Cir. 2010); Sprewell
v. Golden State Warriors, 266 F.3d 979, 988 (9th Cir. 2001);
Campanelli v. Bockrath, 100 F.3d 1476, 1479 (9th Cir. 1996).
matters outside the pleadings are considered, the Rule 12(b)(6)
motion is treated as one for summary judgment.
See Keams v.
Tempe Tech. Inst., Inc., 110 F.3d 44, 46 (9th Cir. 1997);
Anderson v. Angelone, 86 F.3d 932, 934 (9th Cir. 1996).
courts may “consider certain materials--documents attached to the
complaint, documents incorporated by reference in the complaint,
or matters of judicial notice--without converting the motion to
dismiss into a motion for summary judgment.”
Ritchie, 342 F.3d 903, 908 (9th Cir. 2003).
United States v.
contents are alleged in a complaint that are central to the
plaintiff’s claim, and whose authenticity is not questioned by
any party may also be considered in ruling on a Rule 12(b)(6)
motion to dismiss.
See Daniels-Hall, 629 F.3d at 998; Branch v.
Tunnell, 14 F.3d 449, 453-54 (9th Cir. 1994).
On a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss, all allegations
of material fact are taken as true and construed in the light
most favorable to the nonmoving party.
Cousins v. Lockyer, 568
F.3d 1063, 1067 (9th Cir. 2009); Fed’n of African Am. Contractors
v. City of Oakland, 96 F.3d 1204, 1207 (9th Cir. 1996).
conclusory allegations of law, unwarranted deductions of fact,
and unreasonable inferences are insufficient to defeat a motion
Cousins, 568 F.3d at 1067; Sprewell, 266 F.3d at
988; Syntex Corp. Sec. Litig., 95 F.3d 922, 926 (9th Cir. 1996).
Additionally, the court need not accept as true allegations that
contradict matters properly subject to judicial notice or
allegations contradicting the exhibits attached to the complaint.
Sprewell, 266 F.3d at 988.
Dismissal under Rule 12(b)(6) may be based on either:
(1) lack of a cognizable legal theory, or (2) insufficient facts
under a cognizable legal theory.
Balistreri v. Pacifica Police
Dept., 901 F.2d 696, 699 (9th Cir. 1988) (citing Robertson v.
Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., 749 F.2d 530, 533-34 (9th Cir.
“[T]o survive a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss,
factual allegations must be enough to raise a right to relief
above the speculative level, on the assumption that all the
allegations in the complaint are true even if doubtful in fact.”
Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007)) (internal
quotation marks omitted); accord Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662,
678 (2009) (“the pleading standard Rule 8 announces does not
require ‘detailed factual allegations,’ but it demands more than
an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation”).
“While a complaint attacked by a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss
does not need detailed factual allegations, a plaintiff’s
obligation to provide the ‘grounds’ of his ‘entitlement to
relief’ requires more than labels and conclusions, and a
formulaic recitation of the elements of a cause of action will
Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555.
The complaint must “state a
claim to relief that is plausible on its face.”
Id. at 570.
claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual
content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference
that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.”
556 U.S. at 677.
On October 15, 2014, KGMB/KHNL and Oahu Publications
held a televised gubernatorial debate at a conference room
located at the University of Hawaii Cancer Center.
Gubernatorial candidates David Ige, Duke Aiona, and Mufi
Hannemann were invited to participate in the debate.
Libertarian Party’s gubernatorial candidate, was not invited to
participate in the debate.
Id. ¶¶ 15-16.
The court takes
judicial notice of the certified election results from November
2014: Ige received 49.0% of the vote, Aiona received 36.7% of the
vote, Hannemann received 11.6% of the vote, and Davis received
1.7% of the vote.
(last visited May 6, 2014).
Davis says he and his supporters went to the debate
anyway “to exercise their free speech rights in a civil and nondisruptive manner.”
Id. ¶ 17.
Davis alleges that they intended
to carry signs, not to cause a commotion or demonstrate out loud.
Id. ¶ 41.
At the hearing on the present motion, Davis explained
that he did not intend to go inside, only to hold signs outside
the glass windows to the conference center in which the debate
was being held.
The Complaint does not mention either Davis’s
alleged intent to quietly hold signs outside the debate nor
knowledge by KHNL/KGMB of this alleged intent at the time Davis
showed up to the conference center.
Davis says that, when he and his supporters came to the
edge of property that was being guarded, a private security guard
hired by KHNL/KGMB was standing there holding a picture of Davis.
Id. ¶¶ 18-19.
This private security guard allegedly allowed
Davis’s supporters to walk towards the conference room in which
the debate was being held, but told Davis that Davis himself
could not come onto the property and would be arrested if he did.
Id. ¶¶ 19-20.
Davis says he told the guard, “Call the cops and
have them arrest me,” and proceeded to walk past the guard.
¶¶ 21, 25.
The private security guard then allegedly said into
his walkie-talkie, “He’s here, call the cops.”
Id. ¶ 26.
According to Davis, the private security guard stepped
in front of Davis and said that, if Davis crossed a line in the
sidewalk, Davis would be arrested.
Id. ¶ 28.
Davis says he
asked the security guard whether he would be hit if he crossed
the line and was told, “No.”
Id. ¶ 29.
Davis then stepped over
The private security guard allegedly put his hand on
Davis’s chest at that point.
Davis nevertheless continued to
walk forward until he came to three or four University of Hawaii
Id. ¶¶ 30-31.
Davis describes their demeanor
as “intimidating,” but does not allege that they said anything to
him that “chilled” his speech or made any “chilling” movement.
Id. ¶¶ 31-33.
At most, Davis alleges that the UH security guards
were holding his picture.
Id. ¶¶ 33-34.
Davis says that he then sat down on a bench outside the
convention room until Mark Platt, the program director for
KHNL/KGMB, came out to talk with him.
Id. ¶¶ 35, 37.
complained to Platt that Davis was not being allowed on the
Id. ¶ 39.
Platt allegedly told Davis that Davis was
allowed on the property but that Platt did not want Davis to
disrupt the debate.
Id. ¶ 40.
Davis says he assured Platt that
he was not there to disrupt the debate, to cause a commotion, or
even to demonstrate out loud, only to carry signs.
Id. ¶ 41.
Davis asked Platt whether the private security guard
had been hired by KHNL/KGMB.
When Platt allegedly refused to
answer that question, Davis says he told Platt, “You don’t know
me very well.”
Platt allegedly responded, “Because I don’t know
you, I don’t know what you’ll do or what you won’t do.
don’t need you to disrupt anything we have here.”
Id. ¶¶ 42-45.
Davis claims that he reiterated that he was not there to disrupt
Platt then told Davis that he could watch the
Id. ¶¶ 46-47.
Davis’s Complaint does not allege whether
he ultimately protested outside the conference center during the
The Court Dismisses Counts I and III, Which Assert
Violations of 42 U.S.C. § 1983 Based on An Alleged
First Amendment Infringement.
Count I of the Complaint asserts a violation of 42
U.S.C. § 1983 based on an alleged First Amendment infringement.
Count III asserts a conspiracy to violate § 1983.
viable federal claim is alleged, these claims are dismissed.
Section 1983 does not create any substantive rights; it
provides a cause of action against a person acting under color of
state law and depriving a plaintiff of rights established by the
Constitution or federal law.
To state a claim under § 1983, a
plaintiff must allege: (1) that a right secured by the
Constitution or laws of the United States was violated; and
(2) that the alleged violation was committed by a person acting
under color of law.
West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988).
person deprives another of a constitutional right, within the
meaning of section 1983, if he does an affirmative act,
participates in another’s affirmative acts, or omits to perform
an act which he is legally required to do that causes the
deprivation of which the plaintiff complains.”
Leer v. Murphy,
844 F.2d 628, 633 (9th Cir. 1988).
KHNL/KGMB argues that it is not a state actor that can
be liable for a First Amendment infringement under § 1983.
Individuals and private entities are not normally liable for
violating most of the rights secured by the United States
Instead, most constitutional rights provide
protection from only government infringement.
Edmondson Oil Co., 457 U.S. 922, 936 (1982).
See Lugar v.
The ultimate issue
in determining whether a person is subject to suit under § 1983
for an infringement of a constitutional right is whether the
alleged infringement is fairly attributable to the government.
Id.; Sutton v. Providence St. Joseph Med. Ctr., 192 F.3d 826, 835
(9th Cir. 1999).
A two-part test is used to answer that
First, the deprivation must be caused by the
exercise of some right or privilege created
by the State or by a rule of conduct imposed
by the [S]tate or by a person for whom the
State is responsible. . . . Second, the
party charged with the deprivation must be a
person who may fairly be said to be a state
actor. This may be because he is a state
official, because he has acted together with
or has obtained significant aid from state
officials, or because his conduct is
otherwise chargeable to the State. Without a
limit such as this, private parties could
face constitutional litigation whenever they
seek to rely on some state rule governing
their interactions with the community
Lugar, 457 U.S. at 937.
In determining whether a private party acted under
color of law for purposes of § 1983, this court starts with the
presumption that private conduct does not constitute governmental
See Sutton, 192 F.3d at 835.
“In order for private
conduct to constitute governmental action, ‘something more’ must
Id. (quoting Lugar, 457 U.S. at 939).
identified “four factors or tests to identify what constitutes
‘something more’: (1) public function, (2) joint action,
(3) governmental compulsion or coercion, and (4) governmental
Id. at 835-36.
While this list of factors is helpful in
determining state action, there is no specific formula a court
Id. at 836; see also Ouzts v. Md. Nat’l Ins. Co., 505
F.2d 547, 550 (9th Cir. 1974) (“[T]here is no rigid formula for
measuring state action for purposes of section 1983 liability.
Rather, it is a process of sifting facts and weighing
circumstances which must lead us to a correct determination.”
(quotation marks and citation omitted)).
A private person may become a state actor and have
liability under § 1983 by conspiring with state officials,
engaging in joint activity with state officials, or becoming so
closely related to the state that his or her actions can be said
to be those of the state itself.
702, 708 (9th Cir. 1991).
See Price v. Hawaii, 939 F.2d
For a private party to be a state
actor for purposes of § 1983 based on joint action, there must be
a “substantive degree of cooperative action.”
Sable Commc’ns of
CA Inc. v. Pac. Tel & Tel. Co., 890 F.2d 184, 189 (9th Cir.
Davis’s Complaint alleges that Defendants “interfered
with and chilled speech and activities protected by the First
See Complaint ¶ 55.
Davis alleges that he was going
to the debate “to exercise . . . free speech rights in a civil
and non-disruptive manner.”
Id. ¶ 17.
He says he and his
supporters planned to hold signs outside the conference center in
which the debate was being held, not to cause any disturbance.
Id. ¶ 41.
According to Davis, when he got to the edge of the
University of Hawaii Cancer Center property, he was told by a
private security guard holding Davis’s picture that Davis could
not enter and would be arrested if he did so, but his supporters
were allowed to go onto the property.
Id. ¶ 19.
Davis says he
told the security guard to “Call the cops and have me arrested.”
Id. ¶ 21.
Eventually, the private security guard allegedly put a
hand on Davis’s chest, presumably to stop him, but Davis
continued to walk toward the entrance of the conference room in
which the debate was to occur.
Davis stopped only when he saw
three University of Hawaii security guards standing behind the
private guard looking “intimidating.”
Id. ¶¶ 31-32.
up remaining on the property after indicating he would not be
Id. ¶¶ 37, 40, 45-47.
Davis’s Complaint asserts the legal conclusion that a
private security guard hired by KHNL/KGMB along with security
personnel of the University of Hawaii acted in concert to prevent
him from entering the debate.
See Complaint ¶¶ 18-19, 31-33.
But this legal conclusion is not supported by factual
At most, Davis alleges that the private security
guard and each of the University of Hawaii security guards had
Id. at ¶¶ 19, 33-34.
This indicates that they
were all on the lookout for Davis, not that they together
intended to chill his speech, threaten him with arrest, or put a
hand on his chest.
Without more, the Complaint fails to allege
facts from which the private security guard’s actions can be said
to have constituted governmental action or to have occurred as
part of a plan or agreement with the public security guards.
viable claim under § 1983 is alleged, as Davis alleges neither
facts supporting state action nor facts otherwise describing the
violation of a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the
See West, 487 U.S. at 48.
Davis is not claiming that he was prohibited from
entering the conference hall during the debate or from holding a
sign outside the debate where the sign could be seen from inside
the conference room.
Instead, his First Amendment claim is
premised on the brief period beginning with the private security
guard’s alleged attempt to prevent him from proceeding, placement
of a hand on Davis’s chest, and/or threat to have him arrested if
he did enter the property.
Davis also alleged that the
University of Hawaii guards subsequently stood in his path,
looking “intimidating” and holding his picture.
guards’ possession of Davis’s picture and the private security
guard’s statement to Davis not to enter the property suggest that
Defendants may have been concerned that Davis intended to disrupt
the debate out of dismay at not being invited to participate in
The Complaint does not allege that the private security
guard had the power to arrest Davis.
To the contrary, the
Complaint alleges that Davis told the private security guard to
call the police and that the security guard said into his walkietalkie, “Call the cops.”
The Complaint does not allege who was
told to “call the cops,” and it does not suggest that the
direction was aimed at the University of Hawaii security guards.
Certainly, there is no allegation that the University of Hawaii
security guards themselves threatened Davis with arrest or knew
of or condoned the private security guards’ alleged threat of
arrest, direction to “call the cops,” or placement of a hand on
The Complaint says only that the University of
Hawaii guards looked “intimidating” standing behind the private
Davis was ultimately allowed to remain on the property
and watch the debate.
The facts alleged by Davis do not indicate
that he suffered a First Amendment violation.
At most, the
University of Hawaii guards may have blocked Davis’s progress by
standing in his way.
But no facts are alleged indicating that
the guards intended to chill or deter Davis’s speech or that the
guards even knew what Davis intended to do on the property.
the Ninth Circuit stated in Lacey v. Maricopa County, 649 F.3d
1118, 1132 (9th Cir. 2011), to demonstrate a First Amendment
violation, a plaintiff must provide evidence showing that a
defendant’s actions deterred or chilled the plaintiff’s protected
speech and that such deterrence or chilling effect was a
substantial or motivating factor in the defendant’s conduct.
Davis’s Complaint lacks allegations sufficient to support a claim
The Complaint does not allege facts indicating that
KHNL/KGMB, or anyone it might have controlled or been responsible
for (such as, possibly, any private security guard), knew or
should have known that Davis was trying to enter a public forum
to exercise First Amendment rights.
While the Complaint alleges
that Davis and his supporters went to the debate to hold signs,
it does not allege that Davis himself was carrying a sign or
otherwise indicate what could have been discerned by observers as
suggesting that he himself intended to exercise free speech
rights outside the debate in a nondisruptive manner.
Given the allegations that the security guards were
allegedly all holding pictures of Davis, the court might infer
that, before speaking with Davis, Defendants thought Davis was
going to the televised debate to be disruptive.
No facts are
alleged from which it can be reasonably inferred that the
University of Hawaii security guards and the private security
guard acted in concert with the intent of chilling or deterring
Davis from peacefully demonstrating.
Davis correctly points out that, in Mendocino
Environmental Center v. Mendocino County, 192 F.3d 1283, 1300
(9th Cir. 1999) (“Mendocino II”), the Ninth Circuit noted that a
plaintiff need not demonstrate that his or her free speech was
actually inhibited or suppressed to have a viable First Amendment
Instead, a plaintiff need only demonstrate
that a defendant intended to interfere with First Amendment
rights to such a degree that “an official’s acts would chill or
silence a person of ordinary firmness from future First Amendment
The Ninth Circuit noted that it would be
“unjust to allow a defendant to escape liability for a First
Amendment violation merely because an unusually determined
plaintiff persists in his protected activity.”
In Mendocino II, the plaintiffs were prominent leaders
of an environmental activist group.
in a car driven by the plaintiffs.
In May 1990, a bomb went off
for having transported the bomb.
The plaintiffs were arrested
brought against the plaintiffs.
No charges were ultimately
See 192 F.3d at 1287-88.
The Ninth Circuit described the plaintiffs’ claims in
an earlier order in the same case.
1994) (Mendocino I).
See 14 F.3d 457 (9th Cir.
In its Mendocino I order, the Ninth Circuit
explained that the plaintiffs had asserted a free speech claim
based on the concerted conduct of FBI agents and state officers
in arresting plaintiffs.
The arrests were intended to and
actually did disrupt, chill, and neutralize the plaintiffs’
environmental activism–-their free speech.
Id. at 464.
plaintiffs had alleged that the FBI had pursued baseless
investigations of other members of their group, and that the FBI
had supplied false information to support the plaintiffs’ arrests
in order to chill their advocacy.
Unlike the plaintiffs discussed in Mendocino I and II,
Davis does not allege facts indicating state action intended to
interfere with his First Amendment rights to such a degree that a
person of ordinary firmness would be chilled or silenced with
respect to future First Amendment activities.
Id., 192 F.3d at
Davis’s allegations say nothing about how state actors
contributed to keeping him off of property or preventing him from
watching the debate or protesting the debate in a nondisruptive
There is no dispute that the University of Hawaii
Cancer Center and its conference room are public properties that
were being used by a private entity, KHNL/KGMB, for a televised
But no facts are alleged concerning state actors’
participation in the specific actions complained about.
after the private security guard allegedly threatened Davis with
arrest and placed his hand on Davis’s chest, the University of
Hawaii Security guards joined the private security guard by
looking “intimidating” and holding a picture of Davis, those
actions, by themselves, do not appear to establish concerted
action with respect to the private security guard’s alleged
demand that Davis stay off of the property on pain of arrest, or
with respect to the placement of a hand on Davis’s chest.
the facts alleged, the court cannot infer any intent to chill or
deter protected speech from the University security guards’
“intimidating” appearance while holding a picture of Davis.
The court is unpersuaded by Davis’s reliance on case
law suggesting that, even if a chilling effect is not alleged,
allegations of harm might suffice.
See Watison v. Carter, 668
F.3d 1108, 1114 (9th Cir. 2012); Rhodes v. Robinson, 408 F.3d
559, 568 n.11 (9th Cir. 2005).
Those cases arose in the prison
retaliation context, with the courts discussing how to proceed
when a prisoner does not allege a chilling effect.
noted that actual harm will almost always have the requisite
See Rhodes, 408 F.3d at 568 n.11.
not identified any conduct by a state actor that caused him harm
such that a chilling effect can be inferred.
Saying that a
private guard put a hand on his chest and that the University of
Hawaii security personnel who later stood behind the private
guard appeared “intimidating” is not saying that state actors
joined in a First Amendment violation.
Nor is the court persuaded by Davis’s reliance on cases
suggesting that questions of fact are for the jury to decide.
the present motion to dismiss, the court is not examining whether
questions of fact exist that would preclude summary judgment.
Instead, the court is examining whether the allegations of the
Complaint are sufficient to state a claim.
Having determined that the allegations of the Complaint
are insufficient to allege viable § 1983 and conspiracy in
violation of § 1983 claims, the court dismisses those claims.
The Court Declines to Exercise Supplemental
Jurisdiction Over the Remaining State-Law Claims.
Given the dismissal of the claims conferring federal
question jurisdiction, this court now considers whether it should
exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the remaining state law
claims. Supplemental jurisdiction, unlike federal question or
diversity jurisdiction, is not mandatory.
A court may decline to
exercise supplemental jurisdiction over a state law claim if: (1)
the claim raises a novel or complex issue of state law; (2) the
state law claim substantially predominates over the claim or
claims over which the district court has original jurisdiction;
(3) the district court has dismissed all claims over which it has
original jurisdiction; or (4) in exceptional circumstances, there
are other compelling reasons for declining jurisdiction. 28
U.S.C. § 1367.
Supplemental jurisdiction is a doctrine of discretion,
not of a plaintiff’s right.
See City of Chicago v. Int'l College
of Surgeons, 522 U.S. 156, 172 (1997); United Mine Workers of Am.
v. Gibbs, 383 U.S. 715, 726 (1966).
When, as here, “the federal
claims are dismissed before trial, even though not insubstantial
in a jurisdictional sense, the state claims should be dismissed
Gibbs, 383 U.S. at 726.
Although the Supreme Court
has stated that such a dismissal is not “a mandatory rule to be
applied inflexibly in all cases,” it has also recognized that,
“in the usual case in which all federal-law claims are eliminated
before trial, the balance of factors to be considered under the
pendent jurisdiction doctrine--judicial economy, convenience,
fairness, and comity--will point toward declining to exercise
jurisdiction over the remaining state-law claims.”
Carnegie–Mellon Univ. v. Cohill, 484 U.S. 343, 350 n.7 (1988).
Having dismissed the federal question claims, the court
declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over the remaining
state-law claims and dismisses them.
The court therefore need
not examine the state-law First Amendment claim that Davis has
agreed is governed under the same standard as its federal
The court dismisses Davis’s § 1983 and conspiracy to
violate § 1983 claims and declines to exercise supplemental
jurisdiction over the remaining state-law claims.
Davis is given
leave to file a motion seeking leave to file an Amended Complaint
no later than June 10, 2015.
Any such motion must attach a copy
of the proposed Amended Complaint, which must be a complete
document and shall not incorporate by reference any other
Failure to file such a motion by that date will result
in entry of judgment by the Clerk of Court in favor of
Davis may alternatively want to consider filing any
viable state-law claim in state court and then conducting
discovery to determine whether he has a factual basis for
asserting a federal constitutional violation under § 1983 in an
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED: Honolulu, Hawaii, May 28, 2015.
/s/ Susan Oki Mollway
Susan Oki Mollway
Chief United States District Judge
Davis v. KHNL/KGMB, LLC, et al., Civ. No. 14-00483 SOM/RLP; ORDER DISMISSING
COMPLAINT BUT ALLOWING THE FILING OF AN AMENDED COMPLAINT
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