Grandinetti v. Hyun et al
ORDER DENYING MOTIONS FOR RECONSIDERATION OR INJUNCTIVE RELIEF 6 7 . Signed by JUDGE DERRICK K. WATSON on 1/19/2017. (ecs, )CERTIFICATE OF SERVICEParticipants registered to receive electronic notifications rec eived this document electronically at the e-mail address listed on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF). Participants (Grandinetti) not registered to receive electronic notifications were served by first class mail on the date of this docket entry Modified on 1/19/2017 (ecs, ).
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII
GRANDINETTI, II, #A0185087,
EDMUND HYUN, et al.,
CIV. NO. 16-00470 DKW/KJM
ORDER DENYING MOTIONS
FOR RECONSIDERATION OR
ORDER DENYING MOTIONS FOR RECONSIDERATION
OR INJUNCTIVE RELIEF
The court dismissed this action on September 2, 2016, pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915(g), without prejudice to Plaintiff refiling his claims with concurrent
payment of the filing fees. See ECF No. 4. Judgment entered that day. ECF No.
5. Plaintiff did not submit payment, file a notice of appeal, or seek reconsideration.
Plaintiff now seeks reconsideration and moves to “renew, continue, re-open,
or supplement the facts” under Rules 52, 60, and 65 of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure (“FRCP”). See ECF Nos. 6, 7. The court construes these documents as
Motions for Reconsideration and/or for Injunctive Relief and DENIES the
I. LEGAL STANDARDS
Rule 52(b) states in pertinent part:
Amended or Additional Findings. On a party’s motion filed no
later than 28 days after the entry of judgment, the court may amend its
findings – or make additional findings – and may amend the judgment
Rule 60(b) “provides for reconsideration upon a showing of (1) mistake,
surprise, or excusable neglect; (2) newly discovered evidence; (3) fraud; (4) a void
judgment; (5) a satisfied or discharged judgment; or (6) ‘extraordinary
circumstances’ which would justify relief.” Sch. Dist. No. 1J, Multnomah Cty. v.
ACandS, Inc., 5 F.3d 1255, 1263 (9th Cir. 1993). Motions for reconsideration are
not a substitute for appeal and should be infrequently made and granted. See
Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. v. Dunnahoo, 637 F.2d 1338, 1341 (9th Cir.
1981); see also Tierney v. Abercrombie, 2012 WL 4502454, at *2 (D. Haw. Sept.
28, 2012) (discussing “serial filing of frivolous motions for reconsideration”).
Rule 65 discusses the court’s authority to issue injunctive relief.
“[I]njunctive relief [is] an extraordinary remedy that may only be awarded upon a
clear showing that the plaintiff is entitled to such relief.” Winter v. Nat. Res. Def.
Council, Inc., 555 U.S. 7, 22 (2008). The standard for deciding requests for a
temporary restraining order or preliminary injunction relief are the same and are
well established. “The proper legal standard for preliminary injunctive relief
requires a party to demonstrate ‘that he is likely to succeed on the merits, that he is
likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary relief, that the
balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an injunction is in the public
interest.’” Stormans, Inc. v. Selecky, 586 F.3d 1109, 1127 (9th Cir. 2009) (quoting
Winter, 555 U.S. at 20); see also Center for Food Safety v. Vilsack, 636 F.3d 1166,
1172 (9th Cir. 2011) (“After Winter, ‘plaintiffs must establish that irreparable harm
is likely, not just possible, in order to obtain a preliminary injunction.”); Am.
Trucking Ass’n, Inc. v. City of L.A., 559 F.3d 1046, 1052 (9th Cir. 2009). “A
preliminary injunction is appropriate when a plaintiff demonstrates . . . that serious
questions going to the merits were raised and the balance of hardships tips sharply
in the plaintiff’s favor.” Alliance for Wild Rockies v. Cottrell, 632 F.3d 1127,
1134-35 (9th Cir. 2011) (quoting Lands Council v. McNair, 537 F.3d 981, 97 (9th
Cir. 2008) (en banc)).
First, to the extent Plaintiff seeks relief under FRCP 52(b), he filed the
Motions four months after this action was closed and they are untimely.
Second, to the extent plaintiff seeks reconsideration under FRCP 60, he
presents no coherent, persuasive reason for the court to amend its judgment, make
additional findings, or reconsider its ruling to dismiss this case without prejudice
for Plaintiff’s failure to pay the civil filing fee when he filed the Complaint. That
is, the five Medical Requests attached to the Motion do not show that Plaintiff was
in imminent danger of serious physical injury when he filed the Complaint,
requiring the grant of in forma pauperis status. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Further,
Plaintiff submits no change in the controlling law, new evidence, or extraordinary
circumstances justifying the need to correct a clear error or prevent manifest
injustice or showing that the judgment is void. See United Student Aid Funds, Inc.
v. Espinosa, 559 U.S. 260, 270 (2010) (discussing when reconsideration is
appropriate for a void judgment); Hele Ku KB, LLC v. BAC Home Loans Servicing,
LP, 873 F. Supp. 2d 1268, 1289 (D. Haw. 2012) (requiring a litigant seeking
reconsideration to (1) “demonstrate reasons why the court should reconsider its
prior decision,” or (2) “set forth facts or law of a strongly convincing nature to
induce the court to reverse its prior decision.”).
Third, neither Plaintiff’s Motions nor exhibits show that there are serious
questions going to the merits of his claims, the balance of hardships tips sharply
towards issuance of a preliminary injunction, or “that there is a likelihood of
irreparable injury and that the injunction is in the public interest.” Alliance for
Wild Rockies, 632 F.3d at 1134-35 (citing Winter test).
Plaintiff’s Motions for Reconsideration or Injunctive Relief, ECF Nos. 6, 7,
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED: January 19, 2017 at Honolulu, Hawai’i.
/s/ Derrick K. Watson
Derrick K. Watson
United States District Judge
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Francis Grandinetti, II, v. Edmund Hyun, et al.; Civil No. 16-00470 DKW/KJM;
ORDER DENYING MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION OR
Grandinetti v. Hyun, et al., 1:16-cv-00470 DKW/KJM; psa recon 2017 (FRCP 52, 60, 65);
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