WDCD, LLC v. iStar, Inc.
ORDER REGARDING SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION - Signed by JUDGE DERRICK K. WATSON on 8/3/2017. "Accordingly, WDCD LLC is directed to file, by August 17, 2017, a jurisdictional statement identifying the citizenship of all owners/members." (emt, )CERTIFICATE OF SERVICEParticipants registered to receive electronic notifications received this document electronically at the e-mail address listed on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF). Participants not registered to receive electronic notifications were served by first class mail on the date of this docket entry
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAI‘I
WDCD LLC, a Hawaii limited liability
CIVIL NO. 17-00301 DKW-RLP
ORDER REGARDING SUBJECT
iSTAR INC., a Maryland Corporation,
ORDER REGARDING SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION
On June 26, 2017, Plaintiff WDCD LLC filed its Complaint against iStar Inc.,
asserting subject matter jurisdiction based solely upon diversity of citizenship under
28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(1). See Complaint ¶ 7, Dkt. No. 1. Section 1332(a)(1)
provides that “the district courts shall have original jurisdiction of all civil actions
where the matter in controversy exceeds the sum or value of $75,000, exclusive of
interest and costs, and is between . . . citizens of different States.” In order to satisfy
the requirements of Section 1332, there must be complete diversity of citizenship
between the opposing parties. Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Allapattah Servs., Inc., 545
U.S. 546, 553 (2005) (“[Section] 1332 . . . requir[es] complete diversity: In a case
with multiple plaintiffs and multiple defendants, the presence in the action of a
single plaintiff from the same [s]tate as a single defendant deprives the district court
of original diversity jurisdiction over the entire action.”); Kuntz v. Lamar Corp., 385
F.3d 1177, 1181 (9th Cir. 2004).
Because WDCD is a limited liability company (“LLC”), it “is a citizen of
every state of which its owners/members are citizens.” Johnson v. Columbia
Props. Anchorage, LP, 437 F.3d 894, 899 (9th Cir. 2006). Thus, to establish
diversity jurisdiction, the citizenship of all owners and/or members of an LLC must
be alleged. Id.
The Complaint, however, does not indicate the citizenship of all owners or
members of WDCD LLC. The Complaint states that WDCD LLC “is a registered
Hawai‛i Limited Liability Company with its principal place of business in Honolulu,
Hawai‛i [and] WDCD is a real estate management and development company that
was founded, operated and principally owned by its Managers, Bill Deuchar and
Chris Deuchar.” Complaint ¶¶ 1–2. It does not, however, allege the complete
membership of WDCD, nor does it allege the citizenship of those members,
including Bill and Chris Deuchar. Without such additional information regarding
each LLC member, the Court is unable to determine whether diversity jurisdiction
Plaintiff bears the burden of establishing subject matter jurisdiction.
Kokkonen v. Guardian Life Ins. Co., 511 U.S. 375, 377 (1994). At the pleading
stage, WDCD LLC must allege sufficient facts to show a proper basis for the Court
to assert subject matter jurisdiction over the action. Johnson, 437 F.3d at 899; Fed.
R. Civ. P. 8(a)(1). The Court may address subject matter jurisdiction sua sponte.
Fiedler v. Clark, 714 F.2d 77, 78 (9th Cir. 1983); Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(h)(3).
Accordingly, WDCD LLC is directed to file, by August 17, 2017, a
jurisdictional statement identifying the citizenship of all owners/members.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated: August 3, 2017 at Honolulu, Hawai‘i.
WDCD, LLC v. iStar, Inc.; Civil No. 17-00301 DKW-RLP; ORDER REGARDING SUBJECT
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