Clervrain v. Laxalt
ORDER DISMISSING ACTION - Signed by JUDGE JILL A. OTAKE on 7/14/2021. (emt, )COURT'S CERTIFICATE of Service - Manetirony Clervrain served by First Class Mail to the address of record listed on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) on July 14, 2021.
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF HAWAII
CIVIL NO. 21-000275 JAO-RT
ORDER DISMISSING ACTION
ADAM PAUL LAXALT,
ORDER DISMISSING ACTION
On June 14, 2021, pro se Plaintiff Manetirony Clervrain (“Plaintiff”)
commenced this action, filing two documents: (1) a “Motion for [‘Prompt
Notice(s)’] or [‘Their Expertise Act’] (‘TEA’), or Opinion(s) by the National
Issues Regulatory Treaties Act (‘NIRTA’)” and (2) a “Motion for Mitigating
Financial Burden or (‘IFP’) Constitutional Issues by Massive Issues [‘Right
Aggravated’] Treatment Act.” ECF Nos. 1–2. The same day, the Court issued a
Deficiency Order advising Plaintiff that he must pay the filing fee or submit an in
forma pauperis (“IFP”) application within 28 days (including weekends and
holidays) of the Order. ECF No. 3 at 2. The Court cautioned that failure to do so
would result in the automatic dismissal of this action. Id.
On June 22, 2021, the Court issued an Entering Order (“EO”) notifying
Plaintiff that his Motion for Mitigating Financial Burden, while self-titled “IFP,”
does not constitute an IFP application as referenced in the Deficiency Order. ECF
No. 6. The Court informed Plaintiff that to comply with the Deficiency Order, he
must pay the applicable fees or file a completed IFP application (form AO 240),
which may be found on the court’s website under Forms/Civil/Pro Se, by July 12,
2021, or this action would be automatically dismissed. Id.
To date, Plaintiff has not remitted the filing fee or submitted an IFP
application. Courts do not take failures to prosecute and failures to comply with
Court orders lightly. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure (“FRCP”) 41(b) authorizes
the Court to sua sponte dismiss an action for failure “to prosecute or to comply
with [the federal] rules or a court order.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b); see Hells Canyon
Pres. Council v. U.S. Forest Serv., 403 F.3d 683, 689 (9th Cir. 2005). Unless the
Court in its order for dismissal otherwise specifies, a dismissal under this rule
operates as an adjudication upon the merits. Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b).
To determine whether dismissal is appropriate, the Court must consider five
factors: “(1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the
court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to defendants/
respondents; (4) the availability of less drastic alternatives; and (5) the public
policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits.” Pagtalunan v. Galaza, 291
F.3d 639, 642 (9th Cir. 2002) (citing Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260–61
(9th Cir. 1992)). Although the Court recognizes that Plaintiff is proceeding pro se,
he is not exempt from complying with all applicable rules. Local Rule 81.1(a)
(“Pro se litigants shall abide by all local, federal, and other applicable rules and/or
In view of Plaintiff’s failure to comply with the Court’s Deficiency Order
and EO, and failure to prosecute, the Court finds that the Pagtalunan factors
support dismissal of this action. The public’s interest in expeditious resolution of
this litigation strongly favors dismissal, Pagtalunan, 291 F.3d at 642 (quoting
Yourish v. Cal. Amplifier, 191 F.3d 983, 990 (9th Cir. 1999)) (“The public’s
interest in expeditious resolution of litigation always favors dismissal.” (quotations
omitted)), as does the Court’s need to manage its docket. Id. (citing Ferdik, 963
F.2d at 1261). Moreover, there is no risk of prejudice to Defendant, as he has yet
to be served. Finally, there are currently no less drastic alternatives available. This
case cannot proceed without the filing fee or leave to proceed IFP.
The Court concedes that the public policy favoring disposition of cases on
their merits weighs against dismissal. However, considering the totality of the
circumstances and because all of the preceding factors favor dismissal, this factor
For the reasons stated herein, this action is HEREBY DISMISSED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Honolulu, Hawai‘i, July 14, 2021.
CIVIL NO. 21-000275 JAO-RT; Clervrain v. Laxalt; ORDER DISMISSING ACTION
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