Hall et al v. Childers et al
ORDER ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS re 20 Report and Recommendations. It is hereby ORDERED that the Report and Recommendation entered on 2/6/16 (Dkt. 20 ) is ADOPTED IN ITS ENTIRETY and the case is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE. Signed by Judge Edward J. Lodge. (caused to be mailed to non Registered Participants at the addresses listed on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) by (jp)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF IDAHO
DON HALL, DANA HALL, JIM
KEYES, representing WHOLESALE
Case No. 2:16-CV-00106-EJL-REB
ORDER ON REPORT AND
C. CHILDERS and DAVE
MARSHALL, et al,
On February 6, 2017, Chief United States Magistrate Judge Ronald E. Bush issued
a Report and Recommendation (“Report”), recommending that Defendants’ Motion to
Dismiss be granted in part and denied in part. (Dkt. 20.) Any party may challenge a
magistrate judge’s proposed recommendation by filing written objections to the Report
within fourteen days after being served with a copy of the same. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1);
Local Civil Rule 72.1(b). The district court must then “make a de novo determination of
those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which
objection is made.” Id. The district court may accept, reject, or modify in whole or in part,
ORDER ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION- 1
the findings and recommendations made by the magistrate judge. Id.; see also Fed. R. Civ.
P. 72(b). No objections were filed. The matter is ripe for the Court’s consideration. See
Local Civil Rule 72.1(b)(2); 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B).
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C), this Court “may accept, reject, or modify, in
whole or in part, the findings and recommendations made by the magistrate judge.” Where
the parties object to a report and recommendation, this Court “shall make a de novo
determination of those portions of the report which objection is made.” Id. Where,
however, no objections are filed the district court need not conduct a de novo review. In
United States v. Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d 1114, 1121 (9th Cir. 2003), the court interpreted
the requirements of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C):
The statute [28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C)] makes it clear that the district judge
must review the magistrate judge's findings and recommendations de novo if
objection is made, but not otherwise. As the Peretz Court instructed, Ato the
extent de novo review is required to satisfy Article III concerns, it need not
be exercised unless requested by the parties.@ Peretz, 501 U.S. at 939
(internal citation omitted). Neither the Constitution nor the statute requires a
district judge to review, de novo, findings and recommendations that the
parties themselves accept as correct. See Ciapponi, 77 F.3d at 1251 (“Absent
an objection or request for review by the defendant, the district court was not
required to engage in any more formal review of the plea proceeding.”); see
also Peretz, 501 U.S. at 937-39 (clarifying that de novo review not required
for Article III purposes unless requested by the parties) . . . .
See also Wang v. Masaitis, 416 F.3d 993, 1000 & n.13 (9th Cir. 2005). Furthermore, to the
extent that no objections are made, arguments to the contrary are waived. See Fed. R. Civ.
P. 72; 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) (objections are waived if they are not filed within fourteen
ORDER ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION- 2
days of service of the Report and Recommendation). “When no timely objection is filed,
the Court need only satisfy itself that there is no clear error on the face of the record in
order to accept the recommendation.” Advisory Committee Notes to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72
(citing Campbell v. United States Dist. Court, 501 F.2d 196, 206 (9th Cir. 1974)).
The Court has reviewed the entire Report as well as the record in this matter for
clear error on the face of the record and none has been found.
The full procedural background and facts of this case are well articulated in the
Report and the Court incorporates the same in this Order. (Dkt. 20.) The Plaintiffs are
individuals appearing pro se on behalf of Wholesale Motors. (Dkt. 1.) Plaintiffs raise
§ 1983 claims against the Defendants seeking damages of alleged violations of the Fourth,
Fifth, and Fourteenth Amendments. (Dkt. 1.)
The Report concluded that the individual Plaintiffs lack standing but that Wholesale
Motors does have standing. (Dkt. 20.) This Court agrees with the Report in this regard and
will adopt the same. To the extent any of the claims are plead on behalf of the individual
Plaintiffs, they are dismissed. The Motion to Dismiss is denied to the extent it is based
upon a lack of standing by Wholesale Motors. This Court further adopts the Report’s
analysis, discussion, and conclusion regarding denial of the Motion to Dismiss based on
improper service of process and/or failure to post a bond.
ORDER ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION- 3
The Report also concluded that Wholesale Motors, as a corporation entity, could not
properly proceed as a pro se litigant under Local Civil Rule 83.4(d). As such, the case was
stayed for a period of twenty-one days during which time, Wholesale Motors was directed
to file a notice of appearance of its counsel. The Report explicitly stated that failure to file
such notice would be grounds for dismissal of the case without further notice. (Dkt. 20.)
Wholesale Motors has failed to file any such notice and the time for doing so has passed.
This Court is in agreement with the Report’s legal analysis and application in this regard
and concludes that, for the reasons stated in the Report and herein, the case should be
dismissed with prejudice.
As to dismissal pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6), the Court finds the Report applied the
proper law to the facts in concluding that the Complaint states a claim against Officers C.
Childers and Dave Marshall but that the claims against Chief of Police R. Scot Haug and
the municipal Defendants should be dismissed with leave to amend. (Dkt. 20.) For the
reasons stated in the Report, which this Court adopts, the Motion to Dismiss is granted as
to Chief Haug and the municipal Defendants on this basis as well. In light of the Court’s
ruling above dismissing the case entirely on separate grounds, however, no leave to amend
ORDER ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION- 4
NOW THEREFORE IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Report and
Recommendation entered on February 6, 2016 (Dkt. 20) is ADOPTED IN ITS
ENTIRETY and the case is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE.
DATED: March 6, 2017
Edward J. Lodge
United States District Judge
ORDER ON REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION- 5
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?