Lequieu v. US Post Office - Bonners Ferry et al
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER Lequieu's Motion for Reconsideration (Dkt. 10 ) is GRANTED. Lequieu has shown that she did in fact meet the statutory requirements under the FTCA; therefore, THIS CASE IS RE-OPENED. Lequieu's Motion for App ointment of Counsel (Dkt. 8 ), which the Court previously denied, is hereby GRANTED. The Court will request an attorney for Lequieu in these matters. If Lequieu has not already done so, she may proceed with service of the Summons of her Complaint in accordance with applicable procedures. Signed by Judge David C. Nye. (caused to be mailed to non Registered Participants at the addresses listed on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) by (jp) (cc: krb)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF IDAHO
SANDRA DAWN LEQUIEU,
Case No. 2:16-cv-00137-DCN
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND
UNITED STATES POST OFFICE –
BONNERS FERRY, TERESA SKEEN,
and MIKE FELLER,
On October 3, 2017, the Court issued a Memorandum Decision and Order (Dkt. 9)
dismissing this case for failure to state a claim. The basis for such dismissal was the fact
that it appeared Plaintiff, Sandra Lequieu had not timely filed her Notice of Tort Claim
with the United States Postal Service (USPS) under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA).
In response to the Court’s Order, Lequieu telephoned the Clerk’s Office and
expressed her desire to file a response addressing the statute of limitations issue. Because
the Court dismissed Lequieu’s Complaint without prejudice, it is appropriate for her to
On October 18, 2017, Lequieu filed a Motion for Reconsideration with the Court.
Attached to her Motion are two exhibits. The first is a letter from the USPS
acknowledging receipt of Lequieu’s complaint and intent to pursue an administrative
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER - 1
claim under the FTCA. Dkt. 10, at 2. The second is the final denial of Lequieu’s Claim.
Dkt. 10, at 3.
Lequieu also asks the Court to reconsider her Motion for Appointment of Counsel,
which the Court summarily dismissed in its prior order. Dkt. 9.
As a threshold matter, the Court notes that a motion under Rule 59 or 60 only
applies to final, appealable “judgments.”1 See United States v. Martin, 226 F.3d 1042,
1048 (9th Cir. 2000). Here, the Court’s Order (Dkt. 9) was final in that it dismissed the
case; therefore, a Motion under Rule 59 or 60 is appropriate.
As explained in the Court’s prior decisions (Dkts. 7, 9), the FTCA governs all
suits against the United States government, its subsidies, and employees. The FTCA
provides that a tort claim against the United States “shall be forever barred” unless the
claimant meets two deadlines. First, the plaintiff must present a claim to the appropriate
federal agency for administrative review “within two years after [the] claim accrues.” 28
U.S.C. § 2401(b). Second, if the agency denies the claim, the claimant must file suit in
federal court “within six months” of the agency’s denial. Id.
See Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 59 and 60.
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER - 2
Lequieu’s accident occurred on January 11, 2013. The FTCA, therefore, required
that she file her Notice of Tort Claim no later than January 11, 2015. On January 9, 2015,
the USPS sent Lequieu a letter acknowledging her claim pursuant to the FTCA.2
Under 28 U.S.C. § 2401(b), the USPS was required to issue a final decision within
six months, or by July 9, 2015. Had the USPS fulfilled this requirement, Lequieu would
then have been required to file suit within six months of that denial. If the USPS failed to
issue a final denial within six months of receiving the timely Notice of Tort Claim,
Lequieu would have needed to file her suit within six months after the original six month
deadline had passed, or one year from the original filing of her claim—January 9, 2016.
In this case, the USPS did not issue a final decision by July 9, 2015. This started
the clock running. Lequieu needed to file suit by January 9, 2016. During this timeframe,
however, the USPS did issue a final dismissal. Dkt 10, at 3-4. On October 26, 2015, the
USPS issued a decision, stating: “if dissatisfied with the Postal Service’s final denial of
administrative claim, a claimant may file suit in a United States District Court.” Id.
“[A]ny suit filed in regards to this denial must be filed no later than six (6) months from
the date of the mailing of this letter, which is the date shown above.” Id. In this manner,
the USPS waived the three months that had already passed. Whether Lequieu would have
The Court does not have in the record a copy of what Lequieu sent to the Post Office. This was
part of the original confusion. The only FTCA claim in the record is part of Lequieu’s Complaint
(Dkt. 2, at 1-2), which the Court assumes was solely for reference, and is dated the day the suit
was filed—far past the appropriate deadlines. Regardless, the USPS responded, so whatever it
received it deemed appropriate.
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER - 3
met the January 9, 2016, deadline is irrelevant as the USPS essentially reset the deadline
to April 26, 2016, with its letter. Lequieu filed suit on April 1, 2016. Her claim is
therefore timely. Accordingly, the Court will reopen this case.
The Court next turns to Lequieu’s renewed request for appointment of counsel.
Generally, a person has no right to counsel in civil actions. See Palmer v. Valdez, 560
F.3d 965, 970 (9th Cir. 2009). However, a court may, under “exceptional circumstances,”
appoint counsel for indigent civil litigants pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1). Id. When
determining whether “exceptional circumstances” exist, a court must consider “the
likelihood of success on the merits as well as the ability of the petitioner to articulate his
claims pro se in light of the complexity of the legal issues involved.” Id. Neither of these
considerations is dispositive and instead must be viewed together. Id
In this case, there does appear to be a likelihood of success on the merits as
articulated by Lequieu. Additionally, the Court finds exceptional circumstances exists
which would warrant the appointment of Counsel. Here, Lequieu has suffered head
injuries (from this alleged incident) which resulted in memory loss, headaches, and some
diminished cognitive abilities. The Court will request Counsel for Lequieu in this action.
The Court uses the word request because while Lequieu and the Court have used
the word “appoint” when discussing whether legal representation is appropriate, the
Court cannot actually appoint, or require, an attorney to represent an individual in a civil
action. Under the rules governing pro se litigants, the Court can only “request” that an
attorney represent an indigent client. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1). Thus, even in granting
Lequieu’s Motion, there is no guarantee that anyone would be willing to serve as counsel
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER - 4
in this case. Availability, expertise, and other constraints bear upon attorneys when
deciding whether or not to take on pro se cases.
IT IS ORDERED:
Lequieu’s Motion for Reconsideration (Dkt. 10) is GRANTED.
Lequieu has shown that she did in fact meet the statutory requirements
under the FTCA; therefore, THIS CASE IS RE-OPENED.
Lequieu’s Motion for Appointment of Counsel (Dkt. 8), which the Court
previously denied, is hereby GRANTED. The Court will request an
attorney for Lequieu in these matters.
If Lequieu has not already done so, she may proceed with service of the
Summons of her Complaint in accordance with applicable procedures.3
DATED: October 23, 2017
David C. Nye
U.S. District Court Judge
Plaintiff is advised that she is subject to the same rules of procedure as parties represented by
counsel. See United States v. Merrill, 746 F.2d 458, 465 (9th Cir. 1984). Plaintiff may obtain
additional information about how to proceed as a self-represented party, as well as copies of the
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and the District of Idaho Local Civil Rules, at the Court’s
website: http://www.id.uscourts.gov/district. With regard to service of process, Plaintiff should
refer to Section V.C.2 (page 7) of the Court’s Pro Se Self Help Instructions for additional
information at: http://www.id.uscourts.gov/district/pro_se/Self_Representation.cfm.
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND ORDER - 5
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