Amanatullah v. The United States Life Insurance Company of the City of New York et al
MEMORANDUM DECISION & ORDER Plaintiff's Motion for Partial Summary Judgement (Dkt. 18 ) is GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART. The motion is granted on the breach of contract claim and denied as to the promissory estoppel claim which is deemed moot by the ruling on the breach of contract claim. Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment (Dkt. 23) is GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART. The motion is granted on Plaintiffs claims of bad faith and negligent adjustment, denied on the breach of contract claim and the promissory estoppel claim is dismissed as being moot. The parties' Motions to Strike (Dkts. 27 , 28 , 36 and 39 ) are deemed MOOT. Plaintiff's Motion for Relief from Scheduling Order (Dkt. 50 ) is DENIED. P laintiff's Motion to Amend the Complaint to Allege a Claim for Punitive Damages (Dkt. 51 ) is DENIED. Plaintiff's Motion to Preclude Application of the Non-Economic Damages Limitation (Dkt. 52 ) is DENIED. Plaintiff's counsel shall submit a proposed Judgment consistent with this Memorandum Decision and Order for the Court's consideration. Signed by Judge Edward J. Lodge. (caused to be mailed to non Registered Participants at the addresses listed on the Notice of Electronic Filing (NEF) by (jp)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF IDAHO
FAISAL F. AMANATULLAH, M.D.,
Case No. 4:15-CV-00056-EJL
THE UNITED STATES LIFE
INSURANCE COMPANY OF THE
CITY OF NEW YORK, AIG BENEFIT
SOLUTIONS, AIG AFFINTITY
GROUP, INC. AND AMERICAN
GENERAL LIFE COMPANIES, LLC,
MEMORANDUM DECISION AND
Pending before the Court in the above-entitled matter are Plaintiff Faisal F.
Amanatullah, M.D. (Amanatullah)’s Motion for Partial Summary Judgment (Dkt. 18),
Defendants The United States Life Insurance Company of the City of New York, AIG
Benefit Solutions, AIG Affinity Benefit Solutions, American International Group, Inc. and
American General Life Companies, LLC’s (collectively referred to as “Defendants”)
ORDER - 1
Motion for Summary Judgment (Dkt. 23) and related motions to strike filed by both parties
(Dkts. 27, 28, 36, and 39). Plaintiff also filed motions relating to punitive damages and
non-economic damage caps. (Dkts. 50, 51, and 52).
Having fully reviewed the record, the Court finds that the facts and legal arguments
are adequately presented in the briefs and record. Accordingly, in the interest of avoiding
further delay, and because the Court conclusively finds that the decisional process would
not be significantly aided by oral argument, this matter shall be decided on the record
before this Court without oral argument.
Additionally, because this matter is set for trial in the near future, the Court finds it
would be an efficient use of limited judicial resources to remove the referral to the
Magistrate Judge for certain motions that are more properly handled by the presiding
judge. Therefore, the Court withdraws the referral on docket numbers 27, 28, 36, 39, 50,
51, and 52.
Amanatullah purchased a disability insurance policy from Defendants on February
19, 1987, Policy No. G-189, 553, Certificate No. 2328149 (the Policy). Amantullah
became totally disabled before his 50th birthday. The Policy provided Plaintiff with a
monthly benefit of $5,000. Plaintiff maintains the Policy provides this $5,000 monthly
benefit for his lifetime. Defendants claim the Policy reduces the disability payment to the
ORDER - 2
greater of $1,000 or 25% of the monthly benefit on the certificate anniversary following
Amanatullah’s 65th birthday. In this case, Defendants argue the reduced benefit would be
The Policy provides:
If you are disabled on your 65th birthday your Monthly Benefit will reduce on the earlier of these dates:
(a) your certificate anniversary next following your 65th birthday, if such Monthly Benefit payments
have been received for 12 or more months, or (b) on the dale you have received 12 Monthly Benefit
payments for the then current disability.
Any other decrease in the amount of insurance will take effect on the date of receipt by the authorized
agent of the Policyholder of your written request for the decrease.
ORDER - 3
See Complaint, Exhibit A, G-19001 SCH,, Dkt. 1-1, p.7. The “Monthly Benefit” of $5,000 comes
from Exhibit A, G 19001 SCH, Dkt. 1-1, p.1. The Schedule Page also states the Monthly Benefit
Amount is $5,000. Id.
In November of 2008, Plaintiff spoke with John Butryman, Senior Case Manager
for Defendants to confirm his monthly payment was a lifetime benefit as Plaintiff was
obtaining a mortgage and needed to provide proof of his income. Mr. Butryman orally
confirmed the monthly benefit was a lifetime benefit and sent a letter to Amanatullah
We are writing to you in response to our phone conversation today. This
letter is to confirm you currently receive $5,000 per month, post tax under
the following disability policy. Since your disability began prior to the age
of 50, your policy states you are eligible to receive this monthly benefit for
as long as you live and as long as you continue to satisfy the provisions of
Affidavit of Faisal F. Amanatullah, M.D., Exhibit B, Dkt. 19-2.
Plaintiff claims he relied on this letter as proof he would be receiving the $5,000
benefit for the rest of his life and took out a mortgage and made other purchases relying on
this stream of income.
In March of 2014, Plaintiff spoke with Senior Claims Manager Bernadine Luddy as
he had not received his monthly benefit check. He was advised the check had been sent to
his ex-wife instead of Plaintiff. Plaintiff alleges Ms. Luddy became hostile toward him
ORDER - 4
when he notified Defendants of the error. Ms. Luddy also indicated she would be
reviewing the file and that his benefit would be reduced in September 2014. Defendants
reduced Plaintiff’s benefit to $1,250 on September 1, 2014.
Between March and November of 2014, Plaintiff continued to try to explain his
position and have Defendants reinstate his $5,000 monthly payment. Defendants did not
change their position. Plaintiff filed his Complaint on February 23, 2015 alleging bad faith,
breach of contract, promissory estoppel and negligent adjustment. Plaintiff moves for
summary judgment on the breach of contract claims and Defendants move for summary
judgment on all claims.
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Summary judgment is appropriate where a party can show that, as to any claim or
defense, “there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to
judgment as a matter of law.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a). One of the principal purposes of the
summary judgment “is to isolate and dispose of factually unsupported claims . . . .”
Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323-24 (1986). It is “not a disfavored procedural
shortcut,” but is instead the “principal tool[ ] by which factually insufficient claims or
defenses [can] be isolated and prevented from going to trial with the attendant unwarranted
consumption of public and private resources.” Id. at 327.
ORDER - 5
“[T]he mere existence of some alleged factual dispute between the parties will not
defeat an otherwise properly supported motion for summary judgment; the requirement is
that there be no genuine issue of material fact.” Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S.
242, 247-48 (1986). Material facts are those that may affect the outcome of the case. See id.
The moving party is entitled to summary judgment if that party shows that each
issue of material fact is not or cannot be disputed. To show the material facts are not in
dispute, a party may cite to particular parts of materials in the record, or show that the
materials cited do not establish the presence of a genuine dispute, or that the adverse party
is unable to produce admissible evidence to support the fact. Fed. R. Civ. P.
56(c)(1)(A)&(B); see T.W. Elec. Serv., Inc. v. Pacific Elec. Contractors Ass’n, 809 F.2d
626, 630 (9th Cir. 1987) (citing Celotex, 477 U.S. at 322). The Court must consider “the
cited materials,” but it may also consider “other materials in the record.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
Material used to support or dispute a fact must be “presented in a form that would be
admissible in evidence.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c)(2). Affidavits or declarations submitted in
support of or opposition to a motion “must be made on personal knowledge, set out facts
that would be admissible in evidence, and show that the affiant or declarant is competent to
testify on the matters stated.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c)(4).
ORDER - 6
The Court does not determine the credibility of affiants or weigh the evidence set
forth by the non-moving party. All inferences which can be drawn from the evidence must
be drawn in a light most favorable to the nonmoving party. T.W. Elec. Serv., 809 F.2d at
630-31 (internal citation omitted).
Rule 56(e)(3) authorizes the Court to grant summary judgment for the moving party
“if the motion and supporting materials–including the facts considered undisputed–show
that the movant is entitled to it.” The existence of a scintilla of evidence in support of the
non-moving party’s position is insufficient. Rather, “there must be evidence on which the
jury could reasonably find for the [non-moving party].” Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, 477
U.S. at 252.
Breach of Contract Claim
There are cross motions for summary judgment on the breach of contract claim,
Plaintiffs argues the language of the Policy provides for a lifetime benefit of $5,000 or in
the alternative that the Policy is ambiguous and must be construed in the insured’s favor.
Defendants argue the Policy is not ambiguous and clearly sets forth there is a reduction in
benefits when insured reach a certain age. Additionally, Defendants argue an employee of
Defendants cannot modify the terms of a policy so any statements by Mr. Butryman are not
binding on Defendants.
ORDER - 7
Defendants argue the choice of law provision in the Master Policy governs even if
the insured resides outside the designated state. Defendants claim the Master Policy is
attached as Ex. A to the Luddy Declaration, Dkt. 23-7. This includes one page identifying
the policy is Group Policy No. G-189,553 and the Policyholder is the American Medical
Association. This page states:
This policy is issued in and governed by the laws of Illinois.
The remainder of the Master Policy appears to be slightly different than the Policy
attached to Plaintiff’s Complaint which also includes a Schedule Page. The Master Policy
attached to Ms. Luddy’s Declaration does not have a Schedule Page since the Master
Policy is not insured specific. In this case, the disputed language in the Schedule of
Benefits section appears to be the same in both the Policy attached to Plaintiff’s Complaint
and the waiver policy attached to Ms. Luddy’s declaration.
Plaintiff argues Idaho law applies to this federal diversity case based on conflict of
law principles. See Patton v. Cox, 276 F.3d 493, 495 (9th Cir. 2002). This is only true if
there was no applicable law clause in the original Master Policy. If the Master Policy in
effect at the time Plaintiff’s effective date has an Applicable Law clause and that page was
provided to Plaintiff and made part of his Policy, then the contract, not the conflict of laws
It is troubling to the Court that the copy of Policy provided by Plaintiff does not
have a choice of law provision included and the Schedule Page indicates the Policy had an
ORDER - 8
effective date of February 19, 1997 while the Master Policy supplied by Defendants
indicates that the policy will take effect on September 1, 1997 and has a one page
document that sets for the policyholder as the AMA, the Premium/Payments; Effective
Date; Policy Anniversaries; and Applicable Law sections of the Master Policy which all
seem to be critical information that should be provided to every Policy holder, yet it
appears this was not done.
Moreover, it seems unfair and unjust to an insured if the applicable law section is
changed after the Policy was purchased. Without more documentation, the Court cannot
confirm if there is an applicable law clause to apply for the group policy purchased by
Plaintiff in February 1997 (Group Policy 90-10613-47 issued by the prior carrier Sentry
Life Insurance Company and/or if Plaintiff was ever provided a copy of the original Master
Policy which many have contained a choice of law provision or even the Master Policy
when the group policy was taken over by the Defendants, effective September 1, 1997.
Defendants acknowledge Idaho courts have not addressed whether the choice of law
provision in a master policy for a national group policy controls. The Court notes other
courts have held “[g]iving effect to the choice-of-law provision in the Master Policy is also
consistent with the results reached by courts in other states.” See Karpenski v. Am. Gen.
Life Companies, LLC, 999 F.Supp 2d 1218, 1229 (W.D. Wash. 2014).
Since there is no evidence that the Master Policy attached to Ms. Luddy’s D
eclaration was ever provided to the insured, the Court finds Plaintiff is not bound by the
ORDER - 9
one page of the Defendants’ Master Policy G-189,553 that includes the Applicable Law
clause and was issued after he purchased his policy. It would simply be unfair for an
insurance company to change such a material term without notice or acceptance of the
change by the insured.
Under this factual circumstance and in applying the conflict of law principles set
forth in Patton v. Cox, 276 F.3d 493, 495 (9th Cir. 2002), the Court finds Idaho law should
apply in this case. Additionally, the Court finds it would not make a difference in
interpreting the Policy whether the Court applies Idaho or Illinois in interpreting the
Policy, so the Court’s finding on the choice of law is not determinative of the outcome on
the motion for summary judgment.
Interpretation of insurance policies is similar in Illinois and Idaho. Under Illinois
law, “[a]n insurance contract is a contract and must be interpreted in accordance with the
rules of contract construction.” Smagala v. Owen, 717 N.E. 3d 491, 495 (Ill. App. 1999). In
Idaho, “[t]he meaning of [an] insurance policy and the intent of the parties must be
determined from the plain meaning of the insurance policy’s own words.” Nat’l Union Fire
Ins. Co. of Pittsburgh, P.S. v. Dixon, 112 P.3d 825, 828 (Idaho 2005). Whether a contract is
ambiguous is a question of law. Knipe Land Company v. Robertson, 259 P.3d 595 (Idaho
2011). If an insurance policy is ambiguous, it is construed in favor of the insured. See Clark
v. Prudential Property and Cas. Ins. Co., 66 P.3d 242, 245 (Idaho 2003). This would be
true under Illinois law as the rules of contract construction require ambiguity to be
ORDER - 10
interpreted in favor of the party that did not draft the contract. Here, Defendants drafted the
Policy so any ambiguity would be interpreted in favor of the insured under the law of either
The first question to be addressed by the Court is whether or not under the plain
reading of the Policy it expressly provides for a $5,000 lifetime benefit to the insured? The
Court finds the Policy is ambiguous as to the monthly benefit amount.
As succinctly stated in Knipe Land Company, at 600-01:
When interpreting a contract, this Court begins with the document's language. In the
absence of ambiguity, the document must be construed in its plain, ordinary and
proper sense, according to the meaning derived from the plain wording of the
instrument. Interpreting an unambiguous contract and determining whether there
has been a violation of that contract is an issue of law subject to free review. A
contract term is ambiguous when there are two different reasonable interpretations
or the language is nonsensical.
Here, the Court finds there are two different reasonable interpretations of the
language in the Policy. The Court reaches this conclusion based on the four corners of the
contract and without considering the interpretation of the Policy by Defendants agents Mr.
Butryman or Ms. Luddy. Nor does the Court rely on the opinion of Plaintiff’s retained
insurance expert as this is a question of law for the Court to decide.
The Schedule Page says unequivocally the month benefit amount is $5,000 with no
footnote or other reference to a limitation changing the amount after the insured turns 65.
The Schedule of Benefits section (Dkt. 1-1, p. 7) set forth earlier in the Order arguably puts
the insured on notice that there is a “Change in Amount of Insurance” (in bold letters)
ORDER - 11
clause. However, the title of the clause in the insurance contract does not put the insured on
notice that it is really a “Change in Monthly Benefit After Age 65” clause. It does not
include the words monthly benefit in the heading at all. Nor does it signal there are
exclusions in the Policy to the monthly benefit being paid out in full. The term
“EXCLUSIONS” is used in the Policy on page 7 (Dkt. 1-1, p.12). But it is not used in the
section “Change in Amount of Insurance” nor is there a reference to the “Change in
Amount of Insurance” section in the EXCLUSIONS” section of the Policy.
The “Change in Amount of Insurance” paragraph does not conspicuously limit the
monthly benefit when the Policy is read as a whole. This section is confusing since the
paragraph appears to be discussing the monthly benefit calculation not a change in
“insurance.” Moreover, the term “insurance” used in the title of the section is not a term
defined in the Policy.
The Court agrees the first paragraph under the “Change in Amount of Insurance”
does discuss the monthly benefit for total disability:
The Monthly Benefit for Total Disability will reduce on your certificate
anniversary next following your attainment of age 65, to the greater of $1,000 or
25% of the Monthly Benefit shown on the Schedule Page. However if the amount
shown on the Schedule Page is less than $1,000, it shall remain the amount shown.
But this paragraph combined with other statements in the Policy right above this paragraph
entitled “LONG TERM DISABILITY BENEFITS” (in bold and all capital letters)
indicates the monthly benefit for total disability is as shown on the Schedule Page and will
ORDER - 12
be paid out for the insured lifetime if he/she is totally disabled before the age 50. These
statements are inconsistent.
Additionally, in reviewing the Policy as a whole for clarification there appears to be
another inconsistency when one reads page 4 of the Policy (Dkt. 1-1, p. 9):
LONG TERM DISABILITY BE NEFITS
If you become Tota lly Disabled whilc insurcd-under the group policy and continue to be so Disabled past
thc El imination Period, United States Life will pay to you the benefits described below.
The El imination Period is shown on the Schedule Pngc.
D E FINITIONS
- TOTAL DISABILITY means your inability to perform the substantial and material duties of your current
occupation beyond the end of t he Elimination Period .
The Monthly Benefit for Total Disability will begin to accrue on the day after the Elimination Period ends. It will be
paid in the amount shown on the Schedule Page.
Reading the plain language of these two sections (LONG TERM DISABILITY
BENEFITS and BENEFITS) together indicates if you are totally disabled, the
monthly benefit will be the monthly benefit shown on the Schedule Page which in
this case is $5,000. These sections say nothing about the monthly benefit being
reduced at a certain age. Instead, they clearly state if you are totally disabled while
insured under the Policy your monthly benefit will be paid in the amount shown on
the Schedule Page. If the insurance company intended to change this monthly benefit
ORDER - 13
as is arguably discussed in the “Change in Amount Insurance” paragraph on page 2 of
the Policy (Dkt. 1-1, p. 7) then one would think there would be a reference to this
section of the Policy or some notice to the insured that his/her monthly benefit would
change one year after the insured turns 65. The Policy does not include any
exceptions in the BENEFITS section or on the Schedule Page which provides the
MONLTHLY BENEFIT AMOUNT.
The Court finds it cannot interpret and apply the “Change in Amount of
Insurance” clause in isolation and ignore all other references to the “monthly benefit”
contained in the Policy. For this reason, the Court finds as a matter of law, the Policy is
ambiguous regarding the monthly benefit amount as there two reasonable
interpretations under differing sections of the Policy that set forth the monthly benefit
Having found the benefit amount is ambiguous, the Court will construe the
contract in favor of the insured who did not draft the Policy. Construing the Policy in
favor of the insured, the Court finds it is a reasonable interpretation the monthly benefit
amount would be $5,000 for the lifetime of Amanatullah who was totally disabled
before the age of 50. Plaintiff is entitled to summary judgment on this claim and
Defendants’ motion for summary judgment on this claim is denied.
1 The Court is not alone in determining the Policy is ambiguous as two different agents of Defendants reached
differing interpretations of the same policy.
ORDER - 14
Plaintiff also seeks summary judgment on his claim the Defendants cannot
change his monthly benefit based on the letter from Mr. Butryman which Plaintiff
relied on before incurring certain debt and making certain purchases. This matter is
moot based on the Court’s ruling on the breach of contract claim.
Defendants move for summary judgment on Plaintiff’s claim of bad faith.
Plaintiff responds that he has provided evidence of bad faith and this claim survives
To prove the tort of insurance bad faith, the insured must prove that (1) the
insurer intentionally and unreasonably denied or withheld payment; (2) the claim was
not fairly debatable; (3) the denial or failure to pay was not the result of a good faith
mistake; and (4) the resulting harm is not fully compensable by contract damages.
Weinstein v. Prudential Property and Cas. Ins. Co., 233 P.3d 1221, 1237 (Idaho 2010)
(citing Robinson v. State Farm Mutual Auto Ins. Co., 45 P.3d 829, 832 (Idaho 2002)).
In this case, for purposes of the motion for summary judgment and viewing the
facts in a light most favorable to Plaintiff, the Court finds Defendants are entitled to
summary judgment on this claim. It is clearly disputed whether Defendants
ORDER - 15
“unreasonably denied” payment to Plaintiff. However, even assuming Plaintiff can
establish this element, the Plaintiff cannot establish the second and third elements of a
bad faith claim.
First, the denial of full monthly benefits was “fairly debatable.” Until this Court
ruled the Policy was ambiguous, the Defendants’ interpretation of the Policy was fairly
Of course the mere failure to immediately settle what later proves to be a valid claim
does not of itself establish “bad faith.” As indicated earlier, the insured must show
the insurer “intentionally and unreasonably denies or delays payment....” Rawlings,
supra, 726 P.2d at 572. An insurer does not act in bad faith when it challenges the
validity of a “fairly debatable” claim, or when its delay results from honest
mistakes. Id., 726 P.2d at 572–573; accord, Noble, supra, 624 P.2d at 868.
White v. Unigard Mut. Ins. Co., 112 Idaho 94, 100, 730 P.2d 1014, 1020 (1986)
Second, the Court also finds the failure to pay the claim was the result of a good
faith mistake interpreting the Policy since there were two reasonable interpretations
possible. Having found for these reasons, Plaintiff cannot succeed as a matter of law on the
bad faith and summary judgment in favor of Defendants is appropriate.
Defendants argue the negligent adjustment claim must be dismissed as it is
included in the tort of bad faith. The Court finds that the tort of negligent adjustment
can be an independent cause of action in certain cases. See Selkirk Seed Company v.
ORDER - 16
State Insurance Fund, 22 P.3d 1028, 1032-33 (Idaho 2001). In Selkirk, the insured
business was arguing the insurance company was negligent in adjusting and
overpaying a claim of an injured worker which cause the insured’s risk rating to
increase and ultimately increased Defendants’ cost for worker’s compensation
insurance. The insured argued the tort of negligent adjustment was independent of the
tort of bad faith on the part of the insurance company. The Idaho Supreme Court
distinguished the claim in Selkirk from the claim in Featherston v. Allstate Ins. Co., 875
P.2d 937 (1994) and found the narrow circumstances for a negligent adjustment claim
did not exist. This is because there was not voluntary assumption of an act by the
insurance company to do something more than the insurance contract provided.
That is also the same situation in the present case. Plaintiff claims the insurance
companies were negligent in not timely adjusting his claim. But under the facts of this
case, this is the same claim as a bad faith claim for intentionally not paying Plaintiff’s
claim. Because the Court has found that the Defendants did not act in bad faith, no
separate claim for negligent adjustment is appropriate. Moreover, Plaintiff has failed to
allege the Defendants voluntarily undertook to complete an act outside the contract and
did so negligently. Therefore, the narrow exception of Featherston does not apply.
Instead, Defendants merely contested (in good faith) the validity of the claim under the
terms of the Policy. Defendants’ motion for summary judgment on this claim should be
ORDER - 17
Motions to Strike
The Court has reviewed the three motions to strike in this case related to
evidence regarding the motions for summary judgment. The Court finds the objected to
portions of declarations or expert opinions were not relied upon by the Court in
reaching its decision on the claims. Therefore, the motions are denied as being moot.
The Court has also reviewed the Defendants’ Motion to Strike the Plaintiff’s
Motion for Partial Summary Judgment (Dkt. 28). Having previously determined that
Plaintiff’s motion for partial summary judgment should be granted, this motion to
strike the motion is denied.
Motion to Amend Complaint to Add Punitive Damages Claim and M
This is a case involves an ambiguous insurance policy. However, until the Court
determined as a matter of law the Policy was ambiguous, there arguably was no willful
or malicious conduct on the part of the insurance companies denying Plaintiff’s
interpretation of the same Policy.
The decision of whether to submit the question of punitive damages to a jury rests
within the sound discretion of the trial court. Manning v. Twin Falls Clinic & Hospital,
830 P.2d 1185, 1190 (Idaho 1992). Therefore, this Court must determine if the record
contains substantial evidence to support the reasonable likelihood of the award of punitive
ORDER - 18
damages to allow the pleadings to be amended. In considering the motion to amend for
punitive damages, the Court views the facts and inferences in a light most favorable to the
The Court begins its analysis by noting that punitive damages are generally
disfavored in Idaho. Cheney v. Palos Verdes Inv. Corp., 665 P.2d 661 (Idaho 1983). An
award of punitive damages requires the plaintiff to show that the defendant “acted in a
manner that was an ‘extreme deviation from reasonable standards of conduct, and that the
act was performed by the defendant with an understanding or disregard for its likely
consequences.’” Manning 1190 (citing Cheney). The Idaho Supreme Court went on to
hold that “justification for punitive damages must be that the defendant acted with an
extremely harmful state of mind, whether that state be termed ‘malice, oppression, fraud or
gross negligence;’ ‘malice, oppression, wantonness;’ or simply ‘deliberate or willful.’” Id.
In this case, the Court finds in viewing the facts in a light most favorable to
Plaintiff, Plaintiff has not established facts that a reasonable jury could find rise to the
level of malice, deliberate or willful conduct by Defendants to deny Plaintiff his
claimed insurance benefit. Simply put, the Policy interpretation by Defendants was not
obviously unreasonable to make the withholding of the full payment under the Policy
an action for which Defendants should be subject to punitive damages. Therefore, the
Court will deny the motion to amend the Complaint to state such a claim.
ORDER - 19
Motion to Preclude Application of Non-Economic Damages Limitation
Plaintiff seeks the Court to allow a jury to award non-economic damages in
excess of the statutory cap set forth in Idaho Code § 6-1603. The Court must deny this
request based on the fact that the claims that would even allow non-economic damages
to be considered have been dismissed making this request moot. Contract based claims
do not allow emotional distress damages under Idaho law. Brown v. Fritz, 699 P.2d
1371, 1377 (1985). Additionally, Plaintiff has not identified what particular damages
should be exempt from the non-economic damages cap if it was applicable and has not
established facts to warrant the award of such damages. For these reasons the motion is
The Court finds that based on the ambiguous language of the Policy, the Policy
must be construed in favor of Plaintiff and he is entitled to the lifetime benefit of $5,000
per month for his disability. All other claims of Plaintiff are denied as a matter of law.
IT IS ORDERED:
1. Plaintiff’s Motion for Partial Summary Judgement (Dkt. 18) is GRANTED
IN PART AND DENIED IN PART. The motion is granted on the breach of
ORDER - 20
contract claim and denied as to the promissory estoppel claim which is
deemed moot by the ruling on the breach of contract claim.
2. Defendant’s Motion for Summary Judgment (Dkt. 23) is GRANTED IN
PART AND DENIED IN PART. The motion is granted on Plaintiff’s claims
of bad faith and negligent adjustment, denied on the breach of contract claim
and the promissory estoppel claim is dismissed as being moot.
3. The parties’ Motions to Strike (Dkts. 27, 28, 36 and 39) are deemed MOOT.
4. Plaintiff’s Motion for Relief from Scheduling Order (Dkt. 50) is DENIED.
5. Plaintiff’s Motion to Amend the Complaint to Allege a Claim for Punitive
Damages (Dkt. 51) is DENIED.
6. Plaintiff’s Motion to Preclude Application of the Non-Economic Damages
Limitation (Dkt. 52) is DENIED.
7. Plaintiff’s counsel shall submit a proposed Judgment consistent with this
Memorandum Decision and Order for the Court’s consideration.
February 08, 2017
ORDER - 21
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?