Roberts v. United States of America
ORDER & OPINION entered by Judge Joe Billy McDade on 11/17/2017. For the reasons stated above, Petitioner's Motion for Reconsideration (Doc. 10 )is DENIED. SEE FULL WRITTEN ORDER & OPINION. (JS, ilcd)
Friday, 17 November, 2017 02:50:31 PM
Clerk, U.S. District Court, ILCD
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
CENTRAL DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Case No. 17-cv-1307
ORDER & OPINION
This matter is before the Court on a Motion for Reconsideration filed by
Kendall Roberts. (Doc. 10). For the reasons stated below, the motion is DENIED.
On June 28, 2017, Petitioner Kendall Roberts filed a Motion to Vacate, Set
Aside or Correct Sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255. (Doc. 1). He argued that
under Mathis v. United States, 135 S.Ct. 2243 (2016), this Court erred in determining
that Roberts was a career offender within the meaning of U.S.S.G. § 4B1.1 based on
prior Illinois drug convictions and enhancing his 2008 sentence based off that status.
On October 17, 2017, this Court denied Roberts’ § 2255 petition as time-barred.
(Doc. 8). As noted in the Court’s Order and Opinion, Roberts’ ability to file a timely §
2255 motion expired in 2009. Id. at 3-4 (noting that, pursuant to § 2255(f)(1), a § 2255
motion must be filed within one year of the date the judgment against the petitioner
became final). A § 2255 motion may be timely if it is brought within one year of the
date on which the right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if
that right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively
applicable to cases on collateral review. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(3). However, the
Seventh Circuit has explicitly held that “Mathis has not been declared retroactive by
the Supreme Court—nor is it a new rule of constitutional law.” Holt v. United States,
843 F.3d 720, 722 (7th Cir. 2016). Thus, Mathis does not trigger a new one-year period
under § 2255(f)(3). Brooks v. United States, No. 17-2168, 2017 WL 3315266, *3-*4
(C.D. Ill. Aug. 3, 2017) (noting that several cases have held that Mathis does not
trigger a new one-year period under § 2255(f)(3)); Gulley v. United States, No. 172122, 2017 WL 2450178, *4 (C.D. Ill. June 6, 2017) (same). “An independent claim
based on Mathis must be brought, if at all, in a petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2241.”
Dawkins v. United States, 829 F.3d 549, 551 (7th Cir. 2016). Roberts’ § 2255 motion
was nearly eight years too late.
Because no reasonable jurists could differ with this Court’s treatment of
Roberts’ § 2255 petition, the Court declined to certify any issues for appeal pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). Id. at 4-5. Nonetheless, on November 1, 2017, Roberts filed
the instant Motion for Reconsideration. (Doc. 10).
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not expressly contemplate motions to
reconsider. However, the Seventh Circuit has held that district courts should consider
motions challenging the merits of a district court order under Rule 59(e) or Rule 60(b).
United States v. Deutsch, 981 F.2d 299, 300 (7th Cir. 1992). Whether the motion falls
under Rule 59(e) or Rule 60(b) turns on the time at which the motion is served: “[i]f
the motion is served within ten days of the rendition of judgment, the motion falls
under Rule 59(e); if it is served after that time, it falls under Rule 60(b).” Id. (quoting
Lavespere v. Niagara Mach. & Tool Works, Inc., 910 F.2d 167, 173 (5th Cir. 1990)).
Roberts’ Motion for Reconsideration is signed October 26, 2017—8 days after this
Court entered judgment denying his § 2255 petition. 1 Thus, the Court will analyze
Roberts’ motion under Rule 59(e).
“To prevail on a motion for reconsideration under Rule 59, the movant must
present either newly discovered evidence or establish a manifest error of law or fact.”
Oto v. Metropolitan Life Ins. Co., 224 F.3d 601, 606 (7th Cir. 2000). “A ‘manifest error’
is not demonstrated by the disappointment of the losing party. It is the ‘wholesale
disregard, misapplication, or failure to recognize controlling precedent.’” Id. (citing
Sedrak v. Callahan, 987 F.Supp. 1063, 1069 (N.D.Ill.1997)).
Roberts does not present any newly discovered evidence or establish a manifest
error of law or fact. He again incorrectly argues that Mathis starts a fresh year for
purposes of § 2255(f)(3). Seventh Circuit case law holds that it clearly does not. Holt,
843 F.3d at 722. Roberts’ § 2255 motion is clearly time-barred, and his motion for
reconsideration is dismissed.
For the reasons stated above, Petitioner’s Motion for Reconsideration (Doc. 10)
Entered this 17th day of November 2017.
The Order & Opinion denying Roberts’ § 2255 petition was docketed on October 17th, while
the judgment was docketed on October 18th.
s/ Joe B. McDade
JOE BILLY McDADE
United States Senior District Judge
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