Lumpkin v. Cook County Public Defender et al
WRITTEN Opinion entered by the Honorable Joan B. Gottschall on 6/18/2013: Defendants' motion to dismiss 43 is granted. Defendant Cook County Public Defender is directed to answer the complaint by 7/16/2013. Status hearing set for 7/23/2013 at 9:30 A.M. Mailed notice. [For further details see written opinion.] (ea, )
Order Form (01/2005)
United States District Court, Northern District of Illinois
Name of Assigned Judge
or Magistrate Judge
Joan B. Gottschall
12 C 5889
Sitting Judge if Other
than Assigned Judge
Lumpkin vs. Cook County Public Defender
DOCKET ENTRY TEXT
Defendants’ motion to dismiss  is granted. Defendant Cook County Public Defender is directed to answer
the complaint by 7/16/2013. Status hearing set for 7/23/2013 at 9:30AM.
O[ For further details see text below.]
Docketing to mail notices.
Plaintiff Leatrice Lumpkin has filed a pro se complaint against the Cook County Public Defender and individual
defendants Mary Maldonado and Mary Carol Farmar. Lumpkin alleges violations of Title VII, 28 U.S.C. §
2000(e) et seq., and the Age Discrimination and Employment Act of 1967 (“ADEA”), 29 U.S.C. § 621 et seq.
The defendants have moved to dismiss the complaint as against the two individual defendants pursuant to Federal
Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6).
To survive a Rule 12(b)(6) motion, a “complaint must contain sufficient factual matter . . . to state a claim to
relief that is plausible on its face.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (internal quotation marks and
citation omitted). The complaint must contain facts that “allow the court to draw the reasonable inference that
the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Id. The defendants argue that Lumpkin’s claims against
Maldonado and Farmar must be dismissed because claims brought pursuant to Title VII and the ADEA are not
available against individual, natural persons.
The court agrees. Lumpkin alleges that the defendants suspended her and subsequently discharged her because
of her race, age, and sex, and in retaliation for filing a discrimination charge. An individual supervisor is not a
proper defendant in a Title VII or ADEA action. Matthews v. Rollins Hudig Hall Co., 72 F.3d 50, 52 n.2 (7th
Cir. 1995) (determining that no individual liability exists under the ADEA); Williams v. Banning, 72 F.3d 552,
555 (7th Cir. 1995) (holding that supervisors in their individual capacity do not fall within Title VII’s definition
of an employer). The action against Maldonado and Farmar is therefore dismissed. Lumpkin’s claim against
the Cook County Public Defender will move forward; it is directed to answer her complaint by July 16, 2013.
Lumpkin also asks the court to impose sanctions against the defendants pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 11. She claims that the defendants intentionally ignored her attempts to serve her complaint, sought
additional time to answer or otherwise plead, and otherwise delayed the proceedings in this case. Rule 11 allows
the court to “impose an appropriate sanction on any attorney . . . or party” that has presented a document to the
court “for any improper purpose,” such as harassing the opposing party or causing unnecessary delay. Fed. R.
Civ. P. 11(c)(1). The rule is intended to “deter frivolous litigation and abusive practices by attorneys and to
ensure that those who create unnecessary costs also bear them.” Kapco Mfg. Co., Inc. v. C & O Enter., Inc., 886
F.2d 1485, 1491 (7th Cir. 1989) (per curiam) (citations omitted). Sanctions are warranted only when a party
12C5889 Lumpkin vs. Cook County Public Defender
Page 1 of 2
exhibits “a callous disregard for governing law.” Allison v. Dugan, 951 F.2d 828, 834 (7th Cir. 1992).
The court does not find that sanctions are warranted. Nothing indicates that the defendants’ conduct was abusive
or improper. Lumpkin was unable to properly serve her complaint until she was appointed counsel to assist her
in doing so. Moreover, Lumpkin’s request for sanctions was not properly filed pursuant to Rule 11(c)(2), which
requires a motion for sanctions to “be made separately from any other motion.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 11(c)(2). The
defendants, in turn, request that the court sanction Lumpkin for her improper motion for sanctions. The court
considers her pro se status and the fact that, although frivolous, her request for sanctions caused little expense
or delay, and declines to impose sanctions at this time.
12C5889 Lumpkin vs. Cook County Public Defender
Page 2 of 2
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?