Bryant v. Dart et al
MEMORANDUM Opinion and Order Signed by the Honorable Joan B. Gottschall on 3/20/2017. Mailed notice(mjc, )
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
Michael Bryant (#2014-1127173),
Sheriff’s Deputy Sczerua,
Case No. 16 CV 2180
Judge Joan B. Gottschall
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Plaintiff Michael Bryant, currently an Illinois state prisoner, has brought this pro se civil
rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff claims that Defendant, an officer at the
Cook County Jail, violated Plaintiff’s constitutional rights by acting with deliberate indifference
to his safety. More specifically, Plaintiff alleges that Defendant failed to take reasonable steps to
protect him from two assaults by a fellow detainee. This matter is before the Court for ruling on
Defendant’s motion for judgment on the pleadings . Although granted the opportunity to
respond to the motion, see briefing schedule entered February 16, 2017, Plaintiff has not filed an
opposing brief. For the following reasons, the uncontested motion is granted.
Rule 12(c) provides that “[a]fter the pleadings are closed—but early enough not to delay
trial—a party may move for judgment on the pleadings.” FED. R. CIV. P. 12(c). The distinction
between a motion to dismiss and a motion for judgment on the pleadings is largely
inconsequential for present purposes because both are evaluated under the same standard: the
Court accepts as true all facts alleged in the complaint and construes all reasonable inferences in
favor of the non-moving party. See Lodholtz v. York Risk Servs. Grp., Inc., 778 F.3d 635, 639
(7th Cir. 2015) (citing Vesely v. Armslist LLC, 762 F.3d 661, 664-65 (7th Cir. 2014)); Hayes v.
City of Chicago, 670 F.3d 810, 813 (7th Cir. 2012). In considering a motion under FED. R. CIV.
P. 12(c), the Court may rely on the pleadings, documents attached to or critical to (and referred
to in) the pleadings, or information subject to judicial notice. See Geinosky v. City of Chicago,
675 F.3d 743, 745 n.1 (7th Cir. 2012) (discussing review of motions under FED. R. CIV. P.
12(b)(6)) (citations omitted); Lodholtz, 778 F.3d at 639 (explaining that the same standards
govern Rules 12(b)(6) and 12(c) (citing Adams v. City of Indianapolis, 742 F.3d 720, 727-28
(7th Cir. 2014)); see also FED. R. CIV. P. 10(c). A motion for judgment on the pleadings is
granted “only if it appears beyond doubt that the plaintiff cannot prove any facts that would
support his claim for relief.” Buchanan-Moore v. County of Milwaukee, 570 F.3d 824, 827 (7th
Cir. 2009) (quoting Northern Indiana Gun and Outdoor Shows, Inc. v. City of South Bend, 163
F.3d 449, 452 (7th Cir. 1998)).
Plaintiff alleges the following facts, assumed true for purposes of Defendant’s motion for
judgment on the pleadings: On December 14, 2015, Plaintiff advised Defendant Sczerua that a
fellow inmate was threatening him. Sczerua ignored Plaintiff’s concern that he was in danger
and allowed both inmates to go to the recreation yard together. During the recreation period, the
other detainee attacked Plaintiff.
When the prisoners returned from recreation, Plaintiff told Sczerua what had happened.
Sczerua refused to take any action, and accused Plaintiff of lying. Shortly thereafter, Sczerua
abandoned his post, once again leaving Plaintiff alone with the younger, hostile, declared enemy.
The other inmate assaulted Plaintiff again, causing injuries to his mouth, hand and legs.
Plaintiff attached a copy of his ensuing grievance as an exhibit to the Complaint. The
grievance form reflects that Plaintiff did not appeal the denial of his grievance.
Defendant is entitled to judgment on the pleadings, having shown that Plaintiff failed to
complete the administrative grievance process prior to initiating suit.
The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1996 contains a comprehensive administrative
exhaustion requirement. Under that statute, “[n]o action shall be brought with respect to prison
conditions ... by a prisoner ... until such administrative remedies as are available are exhausted.”
42 U.S.C. § 1997(e)(a); see also Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 204 (2007); Maddox v. Love, 655
F.3d 709, 720 (7th Cir. 2011). “[I]f a prison has an internal administrative grievance system
through which a prisoner can seek to correct a problem, then the prisoner must utilize that
administrative system before filing a claim under Section 1983.” Massey v. Helman, 196 F.3d
727, 733 (7th Cir. 1999); Howard v. Maselko, No. 11 C 9278, 2013 WL 1707955, at *2 (N.D. Ill.
Apr. 19, 2013) (Kocoras, J.).
In order to satisfy the PLRA’s exhaustion requirement, a prisoner “must take all steps
prescribed by the prison’s grievance system.” Ford v. Johnson, 362 F.3d 395, 397 (7th Cir.
2004). An inmate must comply with the rules established by the State with respect to the form,
timeliness, and content of grievances. Dale v. Lappin, 376 F.3d 652, 655 (7th Cir. 2004); Pozo
v. McCaughtry, 286 F.3d 1022, 1023-25 (7th Cir. 2002). “Administrative remedies have not
been exhausted unless the inmate has given the process a chance to work and followed through
with administrative appeals.” Worthem v. Boyle, 404 Fed. App’x 45, 46, 2010 WL 4683631, at
*2 (7th Cir. Nov. 18, 2010) (citing Ford, 362 F.3d at 398-400; Dixon v. Page, 291 F.3d 485,
490-91 (7th Cir. 2002)). If a prisoner fails to properly avail himself of the prison’s or jail’s
grievance process, he may lose his right to sue. Massey, 196 F.3d at 733; Howard, 2013 WL
1707955, at *2. Correctional officials bear the burden of pleading and proving failure to
exhaust. Kaba v. Stepp, 458 F.3d 678, 681 (7th Cir. 2006) (citing Dole v. Chandler, 438 F.3d
804, 809 (7th Cir. 2006)).
The Cook County Department of Corrections has established a grievance procedure that
is available to all inmates. Brengettcy v. Horton, 423 F.3d 674, 678 (7th Cir. 2005). This
process requires filing a grievance and an appeal. Id. A prisoner plaintiff must complete the full
exhaustion process before bring suit in federal court. 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). An inmate at the
Cook County Jail is required to submit a grievance in a designated lockbox within fifteen days of
the matter being grieved. Stallings v. Cook County, No. 11 C 7349, 2013 WL 3669623, at *4
(N.D. Ill. July 12, 2013) (Coleman, J.). The grievances are picked up daily by the Correctional
Rehabilitation Worker (CRW), who must address the grievance within thirty days. Id. If
dissatisfied with the response, the inmate must bring an appeal within fourteen days thereafter.
Id. The appeal completes the grievance process. Id.
The Seventh Circuit has taken a “strict compliance” approach to exhaustion. Dole v.
Chandler, 438 F.3d 804, 809 (7th Cir. 2006). A prisoner must properly use the institution’s
grievance process. If he fails to do so, correctional administrators can refuse to consider the
grievance, and the prisoner’s claim can be “indefinitely unexhausted.” Id. (citing Pozo v.
McCaughtry, 286 F.3d 1022, 1025 (7th Cir. 2002) (“To exhaust remedies, a prisoner must file
complaints and appeals in the place, and at the time, the prison’s administrative rules require.”)).
In the case at bar, Defendant asserts, without contradiction, that while Plaintiff filed a
grievance, he did not pursue an appeal after that grievance was denied. The blank appeal section
on Plaintiff’s own exhibit tends to corroborate Defendant’s representation. Because Plaintiff
does not dispute that he failed to finalize the administrative grievance process, the Court cannot
entertain his claim.
In sum, Defendant has demonstrated that Plaintiff failed to completely exhaust
administrative remedies prior to bringing suit. Accordingly, the Court grants Defendant’s
motion for judgment on the pleadings pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(c). The case is terminated.
Dismissal is without prejudice to re-filing suit if and when Plaintiff exhausts administrative
remedies (assuming, of course, that the grievance process remains available to him in relation to
the incidents underlying the complaint).
If Plaintiff wishes to appeal this order, he must file a notice of appeal with this Court
within thirty days of the entry of judgment. See Fed. R. App. P. 4(a)(1). If Plaintiff appeals, he
will be liable for the $505.00 appellate filing fee regardless of the appeal’s outcome. See Evans
v. Ill. Dep’t of Corr., 150 F.3d 810, 812 (7th Cir. 1998); Bentz v. Palmer, No. 12 C 1753, 2015
WL 1042932, at *5 (N.D. Ill. Mar. 5, 2015) (Coleman, J.) If the Court of Appeals should find
the appeal to be non-meritorious, a strike could be imposed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). If a
prisoner accumulates three strikes because three federal cases or appeals have been dismissed as
frivolous or malicious, or for failure to state a claim, the prisoner may not file suit in federal
court without pre-paying the filing fee unless he or she is in imminent danger of serious physical
injury. Id. If Plaintiff seeks leave to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal, he must file a motion
for leave to proceed in forma pauperis in this court. See Fed R. App. P. 24(a)(1).
Plaintiff need not bring a motion to reconsider this Court’s ruling to preserve his
appellate rights. However, if Plaintiff wishes the Court to reconsider its judgment, he may file a
motion under Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e) or 60(b). Any Rule 59(e) motion must be filed within 28
days of the entry of this judgment. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 59(e). The time to file a motion pursuant
to Rule 59(e) cannot be extended. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(b)(2). A timely Rule 59(e) motion
suspends the deadline for filing an appeal until the Rule 59(e) motion is ruled upon. See Fed. R.
App. P. 4(a)(4)(A)(iv). Any Rule 60(b) motion must be filed within a reasonable time and, if
seeking relief under Rule 60(b)(1), (2), or (3), must be filed no more than one year after entry of
the judgment or order. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(c)(1). The time to file a Rule 60(b) motion cannot
be extended. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 6(b)(2). A Rule 60(b) motion suspends the deadline for filing
an appeal until the Rule 60(b) motion is ruled upon only if the motion is filed within 28 days of
the entry of judgment. See Fed. R. App. P. 4(a)(4)(A)(vi).
For the reasons stated above, Defendant’s unopposed motion for judgment on the
pleadings  is granted pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(c) and 42 U.S.C. 1997e(a) in view of
Plaintiff’s failure to exhaust administrative remedies before bringing suit. The Court directs the
Clerk to enter final judgment.
Date: March 20, 2017
Joan B. Gottschall
United States District Judge
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