Bolden v. City Of Chicago et al
MOTION by Defendant City Of Chicago for judgment - Motion for Entry of Guaranty of Satisfaction of Judgment (Attachments: # 1 Exhibit A)(Shpigel, Elan)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS, EASTERN DIVISION
EDDIE L. BOLDEN,
CITY OF CHICAGO, MICHAEL BAKER,
JOSEPH BARNES, EDWARD HICKS,
MICHAEL KILL, JAMES OLIVER,
ANGELO PESAVENTO, MICHAEL
ROWAN, EDWARD SIWEK,
BARBARA TEMPLE and AS-YET
UNKNOWN CURRENT OR FORMER
EMPLOYEES OF THE CITY OF
Case No. 1:17-cv-00417
Hon. Milton I. Shadur
Hon. Mag. Susan E. Cox
MOTION FOR ENTRY OF GUARANTY OF SATISFACTION OF JUDGMENT
Defendant City of Chicago (the “City”), by its counsel of record, respectfully moves this
Court to enter the proposed “Defendant City of Chicago’s Guaranty of Satisfaction of
Judgment,” (“City’s Guaranty”) attached as Exhibit A, thereby resolving all matters relating to
Plaintiff Eddie Bolden’s (“Bolden”) Monell claims. In support thereof, the City states as follows:
Bolden brought this lawsuit against the City and current or former police officers
Michael Baker, Joseph Barnes, Edward Hicks, Michael Kill, James Oliver, Angelo Pesavento,
Michael Rowan, Edward Siwek, and Barbara Temple (the “Defendant Officers”), arising from
Bolden’s arrest, conviction, and incarceration for the murders of Derrick Frazier and Ledell
Clayton, and the attempted murder and aggravated battery of Clifford Frazier. Bolden brings
claims for violation of due process, failure to intervene, conspiracy to deprive constitutional
rights, false arrest and imprisonment, federal malicious prosecution, as well as various state law
claims against the Defendant Officers. Dkt. No. 40 at ¶¶ 63-85, 93-115.
One of the theories of liability that Bolden asserted against the City is under
Monell v. Department of Social Servs City of New York, 436 U.S. 658 (1978), alleging that the
City’s policies and practices were the underlying causes of the constitutional violations
purportedly suffered by Bolden. See Dkt. No. 40 (Pl.’s Compl. at ¶¶ 86-92). Specifically,
Bolden predicates his Monell claim on the City’s allegedly
(1) conducting illegal or improperly coercive interrogations of witnesses, suspects
and arrestees; (2) manufacturing, fabricating, or using improper suggestive tactics
to obtain false witness statements; (3) filing false reports and giving false
statements or testimony; (4) withholding, destroying or suppressing evidence,
including Brady material; and (5) perpetuating, encouraging, and condoning a
‘code of silence,’ pursuant to which Chicago Police Officers refused to report or
otherwise covered-up instances of police misconduct. (Pl.’s Compl. at ¶ 88).
Bolden further alleges that the purported Monell violations occurred because the City “declined
to implement sufficient training and/or any legitimate mechanism for oversight or punishment of
the Chicago Police Officers who engaged in these practices,” and largely blames the existence of
so-called “street files” as the catalyst for these constitutional violations (Id. at ¶ 57 & 60).
During the status hearing on April 19, 2017, when asked by the Court why Bolden
needed to “include Monell at all,” Plaintiff’s counsel admitted that Bolden did not “need Monell”
and would be “willing to forego proceeding on the Monell claim in the instant action.” See
Transcript of Proceedings in Bolden v. City of Chicago et al., 17-cv-00417, before Hon. Milton I.
Shadur, dated April 19, 2017, attached as Exhibit B; Letter from Ronald Safer to Hon. Milton I.
Shadur, attached as Exhibit C.
Based on Bolden’s discovery requests to date, the litigation and defense of
Bolden’s Monell claims will involve laborious fact discovery, including costly expert discovery
– threatening to unduly complicate and delay these proceedings.
The common-sense, pragmatic approach articulated by the Court, and agreed to
by the parties, favor granting this motion. Granting the motion will avoid a lengthy and complex
trial on the City's Section 1983 liability, avoid undue prejudice both to the Defendant Officers
and the City, and relieve Bolden of the burden of establishing the elements to prove municipal
liability if Bolden proves his constitutional rights were violated by the Defendant Officers. See
e.g. Ackerman v. Allen et al., No. 16-CV-6199 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 27, 2017) (Bifurcating Monell
claims was appropriate because it served the interests of expediting litigation and eliminating
Besides nominal damages not exceeding $1.00, Bolden would not be entitled to
any additional remedies if he prevailed against the City on his Monell claim. See 745 ILCS 10/9102; Medina v. City of Chicago, 100 F. Supp. 2d 893, 895-96 (N.D. Ill. 2000) (“…a prevailing
plaintiff in a § 1983…case…gets nothing more from suing the municipality under Monell than
he would get from suing just the officers…As a result, plaintiffs generally choose to forego the
more difficult route of seeking to hold the municipality liable under Monell”).
The primary purpose of Section 1983 litigation is to make the plaintiff whole by
award of appropriate compensatory damages if he can prove a violation of his constitutional
rights. See Parker v. Banner, 479 F. Supp. 2d 827, 834 (N.D. Ill. 2007); see also Transcript of
Proceedings before the Hon. Milton I. Shadur in Ramirez v. City of Chicago, 05-C-317, dated
March 14, 2008 and Transcript of Proceedings in Nix v. City of Chicago, 04-C-7981, before Hon.
Rebecca A. Pallmeyer, dated March 16, 2005, both attached as Exhibit D.
After agreeing not to contest the Guaranty in open Court on April 19, 2017, on
May 1, 2017, Plaintiff’s counsel sent an e-mail to defense counsel purporting to revoke his
unequivocal agreement to the entry of a Guaranty by the City. Plaintiff’s counsel alleged that the
reason for this revocation was that the City “may be liable under Monell even if none of the
Individual Officers are found liable.” In support for this proposition, Plaintiff’s counsel cited
Thomas v. Cook Cty. Sheriff’s Dep’t, 604 F.3d 293, 305 (7th Cir. 2009), in which the alleged
constitutional violations pertained to the provision of medical services to a detainee at a
correctional facility. See E-mail from Eli Litoff to Counsels and attached Letter from Ronald
Safer to Hon. Milton I. Shadur, attached as Exhibit C.
Bolden’s reliance on Thomas, supra ignores the numerous subsequent opinions
finding Thomas inapplicable to cases in which a plaintiff’s Monell theory is predicated on a
purported code of silence, the use of street files, and/or an alleged failure to supervise, train or
discipline, as Bolden has alleged in this case. See e.g. Demouchette v. Dart, No. 09 C 6016,
2011 WL 679914 (N.D. Ill. Feb 16, 2011) (Bifurcating Monell claims and stating that a
municipality cannot be liable under Monell in a failure-to-train case if there is no underlying
violation by a municipal employee); Jenkins v. Bartlett, 487 F.3d 482, 492 (7th Cir. 2007)
(Holding that the failure-to-train allegations against the county necessarily would fail if the
claims against the individual defendants failed); Claxton v. City of Chicago, No. 14 C 10076,
2015 WL 5304630 (N.D. Ill. Sept. 9, 2015) (Bifurcating Monell claims because liability could
not exist against the City for failure to train, supervise, control, find fault and discipline officers,
or for allowing a code of silence to exist, if the claims against the individual defendants failed);
Heenan v. City of Madison, 111 F.Supp.3d 929 (W.D. Wisc. 2015) (Rejecting application of
Thomas to plaintiff’s Monell claim); Hart v. Mannina, 992, F.Supp.2d 896 (S.D. Ind. 2014)
(Finding that there could be no liability against the municipality for Monell allegations related to
failure to instruct, supervise, control, and/or discipline defendant detectives without first finding
a violation of the plaintiff’s constitutional rights by the individuals); Powell v. Pauley, No. 15cv-040313, 2015 WL 6971615 (C.D. Ill. Nov. 10, 2015) (Rejecting application of Thomas and
holding that it would create inconsistent verdicts to find for the officers and against the
municipality where plaintiff predicated her Monell claim on an alleged failure to adequately
train, supervise, control, discipline and dismiss officers); Harris v. City of Chicago, 2016 WL
3261522 (N.D. Ill. June 14, 2016) (same); Andersen v. City of Chi., No. 16-cv-1963, 2016 WL
7240765 (N.D. Ill. Dec. 14, 2016) (Rejecting Thomas, and finding individual liability must be
found on claims related to the use of “street files” before the City could be liable under Monell).
The constitutional harms alleged by Plaintiff are the same as those in the
aforementioned cases finding that no Monell liability could be found against the municipal entity
without first finding liability against an individual defendant.
Entering the Guaranty serves the interest of all parties, as well as judicial
economy, and would allow this lawsuit to proceed to trial or summary judgment more quickly.
Bolden would not be prejudiced by the entry of the City’s Guaranty because he would be
relieved of the cost, time and burden of proving the elements of a Monell claim, provided he
established that one or more Defendant Officers committed a constitutional violation.
Moreover, Defendants would not suffer the prejudice that would otherwise attach with having to
litigate the Defendant Officers’ actions alongside other alleged acts wholly unrelated to Bolden.
If the Court grants this Motion, and should Bolden secure judgment against the
Defendant Officers, the City unconditionally and irrevocably guarantees that Bolden will recover
from the City that judgment, plus nominal damages not to exceed one dollar, plus reasonable
attorneys’ fees and costs, consistent with the City’s Guaranty.
Wherefore, the City asks this Court to enter the City’s Guaranty.
Dated: May 19, 2017
CITY OF CHICAGO
By: /s/ Elan Shpigel
John F. Gibbons (Attorney No. 06190493)
Tiffany S. Fordyce (Attorney No. 235063)
Elan Shpigel (Attorney No. 6321514)
Greenberg Traurig, LLP
77 West Wacker Drive, Suite 3100
Chicago, Illinois 60601
Tel: (312) 456-8400
Fax: (312) 456-8435
Attorneys for Defendant City of Chicago
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
I, Elan Shpigel, an attorney, hereby certify that on May 19, 2017, I caused the foregoing
Motion for Entry of Guaranty of Satisfaction of Judgment to be served through the ECF system
on all attorneys of record.
/s/ Elan Shpigel
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