Bovinett v. HomeAdvisor, Inc. et al

Filing 43

MEMORANDUM Opinion and Order Signed by the Honorable Harry D. Leinenweber on 3/9/2018. Mailed notice (cc, )

Download PDF
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS EASTERN DIVISION RAY ALAN BOVINETT, Plaintiff, Case No. 17 C 6229 v. Judge Harry D. Leinenweber HOMEADVISOR, INC., ANGI HOMESERVICES, INC., and HAWTHORNE DIRECT, LLC, Defendants. MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER Defendants Homeservices, HomeAdvisor, Inc. Inc. (“ANGI”), (“HomeAdvisor”), and Hawthorne ANGI Direct, LLC (“Hawthorne”), bring separate Motions to Dismiss for failure to state a claim. of personal ANGI and Hawthorne also move to dismiss for lack jurisdiction. For the reasons stated herein, HomeAdvisor’s Motion is granted in full, and because ANGI’s and Hawthorne’s Rule 12(b)(2) Motions are both granted, those parties’ Rule 12(b)(6) arguments are moot. I. Bovinett No. 1.) him a model and actor. (Complaint ¶ 52, ECF In September 2014, his Chicago-based agent contacted about Bovinett is BACKGROUND participating appeared for in the a photoshoot shoot with for HomeAdvisor. HomeAdvisor’s chosen photographer on October 8, 2014, and HomeAdvisor has retained and used the photos from that session ever since. here is how HomeAdvisor used those photos. The problem Bovinett alleges that before he appeared for the shoot, some unidentified person from HomeAdvisor assured his agent that the photos would be used in static form only (i.e., either in print media or as a static image posted on a website), and would not be incorporated into any video. (Id. ¶¶ 27-30.) Two weeks after the shoot, HomeAdvisor personnel presented Bovinett’s agent with a consent and release form stating that Bovinett agreed to convey his rights in the photos to HomeAdvisor for use “in advertising, promotions, and any other use, and in any media, desired by HomeAdvisor in its sole discretion, including but not limited to display on the HomeAdvisor website, in television commercials, and on the Internet.” (Id. ¶¶ 31-32; Consent and Release Form, Ex. C to Compl., ECF No. 1-1.) HomeAdvisor’s personnel notwithstanding the consent According to the Complaint, assured and Bovinett’s release agent language, HomeAdvisor would not put the photos to use in any video format. signed the consent and release on Bovinett’s behalf. ¶¶ 31-32.) that The agent (Compl. Over roughly the next year, HomeAdvisor worked with Hawthorne to create TV commercials that incorporated Bovinett’s photo. Those commercials began airing in mid-2015 and continue to today. air (Id. ¶¶ 34-35.) - 2 - In spring 2017, a newly incorporated entity called ANGI was formed to consummate a merger between HomeAdvisor and non-party entity Angie’s List. (Id. ¶ 12.) HomeAdvisor announced soon thereafter that ANGI would be the successor to HomeAdvisor’s business. (Id. ¶ 58.) In August, 2017, Bovinett brought this suit against HomeAdvisor, ANGI, and Hawthorne, alleging fourteen causes of action ranging from Lanham Act violations to various forms of fraud. (See, generally, Compl.) II. DISCUSSION Each Defendant now brings its own Motion to Dismiss some or all of the counts against it. The Court first addresses Hawthorne’s and ANGI’s Motions to Dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction before turning to HomeAdvisor’s Motion to Dismiss for failure to state a claim. A. The evidence Hawthorne’s and ANGI’s 12(b)(2) Motions plaintiff to jurisdiction. bears establish a burden prima of facie providing case for sufficient personal RAR, Inc. v. Turner Diesel, Ltd., 107 F.3d 1272, 1276 (7th Cir. 1997). “specific.” the Personal jurisdiction may be “general” or General jurisdiction lies only where the defendant has “continuous and systematic” contacts with the forum state. See, Helicopteros Nacionales de Colombia, S.A. v. Hall, 466 U.S. 408, 415-16 (1984). In all but the most exceptional cases, - 3 - general jurisdiction over a corporation is limited to its place of incorporation and/or principal place of business. Leibovitch v. Islamic Republic of Iran, 188 F. Supp. 3d 734, 746 (N.D. Ill. 2016) (citing Daimler AG v. Bauman, 134 S.Ct. 746, 761 n.19 (2014)), aff’d, 852 F.3d 687 (7th Cir. 2017). Defendants subject to general jurisdiction may be haled into court “for any alleged wrong . . . no matter how unrelated to the defendant’s contacts with the forum.” uBID, Inc. v. GoDaddy Grp., Inc., 623 F.3d 421, 426 (7th Cir. 2010) (citation omitted). In contrast, “[s]pecific personal jurisdiction is appropriate where (1) the defendant has purposefully directed his activities at the forum state or purposefully availed himself of the privilege of conducting business in that state, and (2) the alleged injury arises out of the defendant’s forumrelated activities.” Tamburo v. Dworkin, 601 F.3d 693, 702 (7th Cir. 2010) (citing Burger King Corp. v. Rudzewicz, 471 U.S. 462, 472 (1985)). demonstrate that In either the case, exercise of the plaintiff jurisdiction must also comports with traditional notions of fair play and substantial justice. Int’l Shoe Co. v. State of Washington, 326 U.S. 310, 320 (1945). 1. No general Hawthorne’s 12(b)(2) Motion jurisdiction exists over Hawthorne here. Bovinett alleges that Hawthorne is an Iowa limited liability - 4 - company with its principal place of business in Fairfield, Iowa. (Compl. ¶ 13.) Hawthorn responds that its principal place of business is actually Los Angeles, California, but this does not matter. In either case, Hawthorne is neither headquartered nor incorporated in this state, so this Court may not exert general jurisdiction over it. As for Bauman, 134 S.Ct. at 761 n.19. specific jurisdiction, Bovinett advances three theories for Hawthorne’s sufficient contacts with this forum, namely: (1) Hawthorne’s purported business activities in Illinois; (2) alleged tortious acts undertaken by Hawthorne and targeted at Bovinett in Illinois; and (3) a conspiracy/agency theory. In his Complaint, Bovinett recites a catalogue of business activities that he attributes to the three Defendants. Compl. ¶ 15.) (See, He does not identify specifically which of these activities Hawthorne allegedly undertook, however, and he never connects any of the activities to the events allegedly giving rise to his injury. See, Tamburo, 601 F.3d at 702 (observing that specific jurisdiction may not lie unless the alleged injury arises out of the Bovinett’s failure allegations dooms defendant’s to his connect first forum-related these theory over Hawthorne. - 5 - for dots activities). with specific plausible jurisdiction Next, specific that because Hawthorne it is susceptible committed torts targeted to at The key question under this tort theory is whether defendant forum state. 2012). argues jurisdiction Illinois. the Bovinett “purposefully directed” its activities at the Felland v. Clifton, 682 F.3d 665, 673 (7th Cir. In other words, Hawthorne is not subject to specific jurisdiction under this theory unless it engaged in (1) intentional conduct (2) expressly aimed at Illinois (3) with knowledge that Bovinett would be injured in Illinois. at 674-75. First, Bovinett did not clearly See, id. allege what activities (tortious or otherwise) Hawthorne undertook that were “expressly aimed” at Illinois. to this second theory is But even if he had, still fatal Bovinett’s failure to allege facts showing that Hawthorne knew Bovinett was in Illinois or that he would be injured here. His Complaint uses the right jargon, alleging that Defendants collectively “aimed and targeted their tortious acts and conduct at Bovinett in Illinois, knowing that they would cause harm to Bovinett within the state of Illinois where Bovinett resides and conducts business.” (Compl. ¶ 16.) But without alleging any facts to lend some credence to these allegations, Bovinett falls short of carrying his burden. See, N. Grain Mktg., LLC v. Greving, 743 F.3d 487, 491 (7th Cir. 2014). - 6 - Finally, Bovinett argues conspiracy/agency theory. for specific jurisdiction on a The conspiracy hook will not work here, as the Seventh Circuit has disclaimed it under Illinois law. 582, See, Smith v. Jefferson Cty. Bd. of Educ., 378 F. App’x 585-86 (7th Cir. 2010). True, the Illinois long-arm statute recognizes the agency theory, see, Hang Glide USA, LLC v. Coastal Aviation Maint., LLC, No. 16 C 6905, 2017 WL 1430617, at *4 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 18, 2017) (citing 735 ILCS 5/2-209(a)), but Bovinett has not alleged enough to avail himself of it. His Complaint fails to allege plausibly either that Hawthorne acted through any agent or that Hawthorne acted on behalf of the other Defendants. All Bovinett claims Hawthorn did was create the allegedly tortious Hawthorne conducted ¶ 35.) commercials, any of and this he work does in not allege Illinois. that (Compl. Because Hawthorne is not alleged to have played any role in the photoshoot or subsequent creation or presentation of the consent and release jurisdictionally agreement, relevant Hawthorne’s connection to only Bovinett plausible, would be if Hawthorne created the allegedly tortious commercials with “an intent to affect an Illinois interest.” Edelson v. Ch’ien, 352 F. Supp. 2d 861, 867 (N.D. Ill. 2005) (citing Heritage House Rests., Inc. v. Continental Funding Grp., Inc., 906 F.2d 276, 282 (7th Cir. 1990)). But, again, nowhere in the Complaint does - 7 - Bovinett plausibly allege that Hawthorne had reason to know that he was an Illinois resident. Bovinett establish a Hawthorne. Bovinett’s third theory fails. has failed to prima facie case See, RAR, provide Inc., for 107 sufficient personal F.3d at evidence jurisdiction 1276. The to over Court accordingly grants Hawthorne’s 12(b)(2) Motion and dismisses all claims against Hawthorne without prejudice. 2. ANGI’s 12(b)(2) Motion ANGI argues repeatedly amid the flurry of filings at bar that because it was not incorporated until 2017—well after the events giving rise to Bovinett’s claims—it cannot have had any jurisdictionally relevant contact with Illinois and so cannot be subject to personal jurisdiction here. ANGI is mistaken. corporate In principle, at least, Its argument ignores the rule that “[i]n the successor context, the successor corporation has chosen to stand in the shoes of its predecessor and has chosen to accept the business expectations previously with that predecessor. of those who have dealt Therefore, it can be expected to be haled into the same courts as its predecessor.” Purdue Research Found. v. Sanofi-Synthelabo, S.A., 338 F.3d 773, 784 (7th Cir. 2003). This rule only applies, however, if forum law would successor hold predecessor. the liable for the Id. at 783-84 (citation omitted). - 8 - actions of its In Illinois, it is a well settled rule that “a corporation that purchases the assets of another corporation is not liable for the debts or liabilities of the transferor corporation.” Vernon v. Schuster, 688 N.E.2d 1172, 1175 (Ill. 1997) (citations omitted). There are four exceptions to this rule: (1) where there is an express or implied agreement of assumption; (2) where the transaction amounts to a consolidation or merger of the purchaser or seller corporation; (3) where the purchaser is merely a continuation of the seller; or (4) where the transaction is for the fraudulent purpose of escaping liability for the seller's obligations. Mamacita, Inc. v. Colborne Acquisition Co., LLC., No. 10 C 6861, 2011 WL 881654, at *3 (N.D. Ill. Mar. 11, 2011) (citing Vernon, 688 N.E.3d at 1175-76). Given the state of Bovinett’s Complaint at present, however, none of these exceptions applies to render ANGI liable for HomeAdvisor’s actions. any express allegations agreement he does implied agreement. between include Bovinett has not alleged these fall Defendants, short of and establishing the an In all, Bovinett alleges that “ANGI . . . has succeeded to, or is in the process of succeeding to, the business of HomeAdvisor, through a merger.” (Compl. ¶ 11). language is similar to the allegation in Vernon, where This the plaintiff claimed that because the defendant has succeed[ed] to the assets, rights, and obligations” of his father’s business, that defendant should be liable under warranties that business - 9 - had issued. The dissent agreed, believing that the plaintiff sufficiently alleged agreement successor exception, interpretation. but liability the Mamacita, under the implied majority rejected 2011 881654, Inc., (discussing Vernon, 688 N.E.2d at 1174). WL that at *3 If the allegations in Vernon did not suffice, Bovinett’s nearly identical allegations cannot either. The second successor liability exception is the so-called de facto merger exception. “In determining whether a de facto merger has occurred, the most important factor to consider is the identity of ownership of the new and former corporation.” Steel Co. v. Morgan Marshall Indus., Inc., 662 N.E.2d 595, 600 (Ill. App. Ct. 1996). Bovinett has not alleged anything here regarding the ownership of either HomeAdvisor or ANGI, so the Court cannot say he has carried his burden as to exception number two. This shortcoming dooms Bovinett’s chances under the third, “mere continuation,” exception as well. emphasized that the key element to Illinois courts have this exception is “the identity of officers, directors, and stock between the selling and purchasing corporations.” N.E.2d 1268, 1277 (Ill. Diguilio v. Goss Int’l Corp., 906 App. Ct. N.E.2d at 1172) (citations omitted). - 10 - 2009) (citing Vernon, 688 Finally, Bovinett does not allege, as is required under the fourth exception, fraudulent. that Illinois the courts ANGI/HomeAdvisor typically merger consider the was Uniform Fraudulent Trade Act’s “badges of fraud” in determining whether a plaintiff has stated a claim under this exception. Mamacita, Inc., 2011 WL 881654, at *5 (citing 740 ILCS 106/5(b)(1)-(11)). Bovinett has not alleged the presence of any of these badges, which include indicia such as “the transfer was disclosed or concealed” and “the transfer occurred shortly before or shortly after a substantial debt was incurred.” It might successor well and be thus that ANGI plausibly personal jurisdiction. is Id. HomeAdvisor’s susceptible to corporate this Court’s But Bovinett has failed to carry his burden of providing sufficient evidence to establish a prima facie case of successor liability, so ANGI’s 12(b)(2) Motion must be granted. B. To survive a HomeAdvisor’s 12(b)(6) Motion motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), a complaint must “state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” “A Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). claim has facial plausibility when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is - 11 - liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009). “Factual allegations are accepted as true at the pleading stage, but allegations in the form of legal conclusions insufficient to survive a Rule 12(b)(6) motion.” are Adams v. City of Indianapolis, 742 F.3d 720, 728 (7th Cir. 2014) (citation omitted) (internal quotation marks omitted). Because the Court has 12(b)(2) already granted Hawthorne’s and ANGI’s Motions, their 12(b)(6) Motions are moot and warrant no consideration here. The Court thus turns to HomeAdvisor’s 12(b)(6) Motion and considers each count in turn. 1. In Count I – Fraudulent Inducement Count I, misrepresentations: Bovinett First, objects the to pre-shoot two alleged representation by “HomeAdvisor and/or Hawthorne” to his agent that the shoot did not contemplate any videographic use of the photos (Compl. ¶ 64), and second, the post-shoot representation by HomeAdvisor that, contrary to the express language of the consent and release form, the photographs would not be used in any video format. The Court agrees with HomeAdvisor’s contention that Bovinett’s “fraudulent inducement” claim is really a claim for promissory fraud. HomeAdvisor promised Bovinett’s they would beef never - 12 - boils down incorporate to this: his photos into any video; later, they did. Claims like this one that involve a false statement of intent regarding future conduct are generally not actionable under Illinois law. Ass’n Ben. Servs., Inc. v. Caremark RX, Inc., 493 F.3d 841, 853 (7th Cir. 2007) (characterizing survive the promissory pleading fraud). stage if However, the such plaintiff claims shows they “particularly egregious” or are part of a larger scheme. can are See, Int’l Star Registry of Ill. v. ABC Radio Network, Inc., 451 F. Supp. 2d 982, 988 (N.D. Ill. 2006) (citing Desnick v. Am. Broad. Cos., 44 F.3d 1345, 1354 (7th Cir. 1995)). None of the allegations shows that the complained-of misrepresentations are particularly egregious. See, e.g., Int’l Star Registry, 451 F. Supp. 2d at 988 (finding alleged misrepresentation regarding how frequently defendant intended to run plaintiff’s advertisements did not qualify as particularly egregious). The question thus becomes whether Bovinett has alleged these statements were part of a larger scheme, i.e., a “pattern of fraudulent statements.” Martinez-Cruz v. N. Cent. Coll., No. 13-CV-4328, 2013 WL 6498761, at *4 (N.D. Ill. Dec. 11, 2013) (quoting BPI Energy Holdings, Inc. v. IEC (Montgomery), LLC, 664 F.3d 131, 136 (7th Cir. 2011)). Bovinett has alleged no such thing. True, he alleges two different statements to the same effect (i.e., the non-video use - 13 - of the photos), and at first blush these statements could together form the “pattern” Bovinett needs to allege to sustain his claim. But see, LeDonne v. Axa Equitable Life Ins. Co., 411 F. Supp. 2d 957, 962 (N.D. Ill. 2006) (stating that an oral promise issued fraudulent on two intent occasions where is plaintiff not fails sufficient to claim to plead defendants engaged in other acts of trickery or perpetrated this type of fraud as a regular practice or on any grand scale), superseded by statute on other grounds, 735 ILCS 5/2-2201, as recognized in Vertex Ref., NV, LLC v. Nat’l Union Fire Ins., Co., No. 16 CV 3498, 2017 WL 977000, at *6 (N.D. Ill. Mar. 14, 2017). But his “pattern” is cut in two by his deficient allegations as to the first statement. Rule 9(b) of the Federal Rule of Civil Procedure requires that allegations of fraud must be stated with specificity. plaintiff to FED. R. CIV. P. 9(b). state misrepresentation, the the identity time, of “The the place, Rule person and requires who content the made the of the misrepresentation, and the method by which the misrepresentation was communicated to the plaintiff.” Borich v. BP, P.L.C., 904 F. Supp. 2d 855, 862 (N.D. Ill. 2012) (citing Vicom, Inc. v. Harbridge 1994)). Merch. Servs., Inc., 20 F.3d 771, 777 (7th Cir. “It also forces the plaintiff to conduct a careful pretrial investigation and thus operates as a screen against - 14 - spurious fraud claims.” Fidelity Nat’l Title Ins. Co. v. Intercounty Nat’l Title Ins. Co., 412 F.3d 745, 748-49 (7th Cir. 2005). Here, Bovinett fails to allege, as required under Rule 9, the time and place of the first alleged misstatement, as well as the method by which it was communicated. Indeed, Bovinett declined even to settle on whom, exactly, made this first statement “and/or” (whether Hawthorne). A a representative “careful pretrial of HomeAdvisor investigation” as required by Rule 9(b) would have clarified his allegations, and without that clarification this claim cannot survive. Fidelity, 412 F.3d at 748-49. The Court adds that Bovinett’s first count is somewhat amorphous, and might be premised upon fraudulent concealment as well. (See, Compl. ¶ 65 (“Defendant(s) fraudulently concealed the fact they were intending to mislead Bovinett (and his agent) by tricking him . . . .”).) Regardless, this claim still fails. A plaintiff pleading fraudulent concealment must allege that the defendant concealed a material fact when he was under a duty to disclose that fact to plaintiff. Cohen v. Am. Sec. Ins. Co., 735 F.3d 601, 613 (7th Cir. 2013) (citations omitted) (applying Illinois law). Such a duty may arise from a fiduciary or confidential relationship or from another situation that places the defendant “in a position of influence and superiority” over - 15 - the plaintiff. Id. (citations omitted). that did Bovinett not allege relationship at play here. HomeAdvisor is correct facts suggesting any special HomeAdvisor’s Motion to Dismiss is granted as to Count I. 2. A plaintiff Count II – Constructive Fraud alleging constructive fraud must allege existence of a confidential or fiduciary relationship. the See, Joyce v. Morgan Stanley & Co., 538 F.3d 797, 800 (7th Cir. 2008). But as already discussed as to Count I, Bovinett has failed to allege facts suggesting such a relationship existed here between him and HomeAdvisor. 3. Count II is dismissed. Counts III-VI – Consumer Confusion Claims In Counts III-VI, Bovinett brings claims under the Lanham Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1125(a)(1)(A)-(B), the Illinois Consumer Fraud and Deceptive Business Practices Act, 815 ILCS 505/2 et seq., the Illinois Uniform Deceptive Trade Practices Act, 815 ILCS 510/1 et seq., and for unfair competition under common law. Although most of these counts can be knocked out in one fell swoop, we must first pause a moment on Count III. asserts two endorsement discrete and false § 1125(a)(1)(A)-(B). demands some brief claims under advertising the Lanham Act respectively. That count for 15 false U.S.C. It is the false advertising claim that attention here. - 16 - A plaintiff bringing a Lanham Act false advertising a false statement things, commercial advertisement claim of must fact about its by own allege, the or among defendant another’s other in a product. See Hot Wax, Inc. v. Turtle Wax, Inc., 191 F.3d 813, 819 (7th Cir. 1999). Here, Bovinett never alleges any such false statement, so his false advertising claim cannot pass muster. That detour handled, we move on to the balance of Count III as well as Counts IV-VI. All of these claims fail for the same reason. Each turns upon allegations that the Defendants’ use of Bovinett’s image creates a likelihood of public confusion as to Bovinett’s affiliation, sponsorship, or approval of Defendants and/or their activities and services. See, e.g., Hart v., Inc., 191 F. Supp. 3d 809, 819 (N.D. Ill. 2016) (stating likelihood of confusion is a key element in Lanham Act false endorsement claims), aff’d, 845 F.3d 802 (7th Cir. 2017); Thacker v. Menard, Inc., 105 F.3d 382, 386 (7th Cir. 1997) (stating same for claims under the Practices Illinois Act); Consumer Microsoft Fraud Corp. v. and Deceptive Logical Choice Business Computers, Inc., No. 99 C 1300, 2001 WL 58950, at *9 (N.D. Ill. Jan. 22, 2001) (stating same for Illinois common law unfair competition claims and claims under the Illinois Uniform Deceptive Trade Practices Act). Yet Bovinett admits he agreed to pose as a - 17 - model for HomeAdvisor’s photoshoot with the knowledge that HomeAdvisor intended to use those photos in advertising. His qualm is thus not over whether he agreed to be affiliated with or signal his public approval for HomeAdvisor—he did both—he simply objects affiliation tortious that into a HomeAdvisor video commercials impression that format. might Bovinett unlawfully well endorses Put incorporated simply, leave the viewers HomeAdvisor. that allegedly with But the that impression is accurate, at least as of the time Bovinett sold his rights in these photos, so the impression cannot confuse anyone. Bovinett fails to allege facts showing a likelihood of consumer confusion, dooming Counts III-VI. Each is dismissed with prejudice. 5. Count XIII – Injunction Bovinett may seek an injunction where he believes he is entitled to one, but “an injunction is a remedy, not a claim or cause of action.” Murfin v. St. Mary’s Good Samaritan, Inc., No. 12-CV-1077-WDS, 2012 WL 6611023, at *4 (S.D. Ill. Dec. 19, 2012). Count XIII is dismissed with prejudice for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. 6. Count XIV – For Liability Against John Doe Defendants For two different reasons, the Court dismisses this count as well. The Court agrees with the decision from its sister - 18 - district that plaintiffs should not include Doe defendants in their complaints without giving the court some indication of who these unnamed defendants are and what they are alleged to have done. See, Dedalis v. Brown Cty. Jail, No. 15-CV-1543, 2016 WL 792425, at *2 (E.D. Wis. Feb. 26, 2016). “While it is permissible for [a] plaintiff to proceed without knowing the proper name defendant court] of with can a Doe defendant, particular determine actions whether against that unnamed person.” here. He simply he asserts or [the] Id. that must connect inactions plaintiff so each that states a Doe [the claim Bovinett does no such thing “one or more individual[s], firm(s), affiliate(s), or contractor(s)” acted in concert with one or multiple Defendants to perpetrate some or all of the complained-of torts. This ultra-broad and hypothetical claim has no legs to stand on as Bovinett has not given the Court enough to judge its merits. Secondly, because the Court has now dismissed Bovinett’s Lanham Act claims in Count question jurisdiction here. III, there is no longer federal The Court now sits in diversity jurisdiction, and in such circumstances John Doe defendants are not permitted because their anonymity makes it impossible to be sure of the parties’ diversity. See, Howell by Tribune Entm’t Co., 106 F.3d 215, 218 (7th Cir. 1997). - 19 - Goerdt v. Count XIV is dismissed with prejudice unless Bovinett first reestablishes federal question jurisdiction by amending his Complaint. III. CONCLUSION For the reasons stated herein, Hawthorne’s Rule 12(b)(2) Motion [ECF No. 21] and ANGI’s Rule 12(b)(2) Motion [ECF No. 19] are granted. [ECF Nos. With respect to HomeAdvisor’s Rule 12(b)(6) Motion 17], the Court dismisses Counts I and II without prejudice and dismisses Counts III-VI and XIII with prejudice. The Court also Bovinett first amending his Count XIV. dismisses Count reestablishes Complaint, in XIV federal which with prejudice question case unless jurisdiction Bovinett may by replead ANGI’s and Hawthorne’s Rule 12(b)(6) arguments are denied as moot. Bovinett shall file an Amended Complaint by March or 30, 2018, else the counts now dismissed without prejudice will be dismissed with prejudice and Bovinett will stand on his current Complaint. IT IS SO ORDERED. Harry D. Leinenweber, Judge United States District Court Dated: 3/9/2018 - 20 -

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?