Ross v. Gossett et al
ORDER TO CONSOLIDATE CASES. The Court will consolidate case 16-83-SMY-SCW. Samuel C Harding and John R. Balwin added. Signed by Judge Staci M. Yandle on 5/13/2016. (tjk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
SAMUEL C. HARDING, # B-78324,
JOHN R. BALWIN,
and WARDEN STEPHEN DUNCAN,
Case No. 16-cv-083-SMY
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
YANDLE, District Judge:
Plaintiff, currently incarcerated at Robinson Correctional Center (“Robinson”), has
brought this pro se civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff claims that while he
was incarcerated at Lawrence Correctional Center (“Lawrence”), he was subjected to a
humiliating strip search, an intrusive and painful body cavity search and excessive force by
members of the Orange Crush tactical team. The Complaint is now before the Court for a
preliminary review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A.
Under § 1915A, the Court is required to screen prisoner complaints to filter out nonmeritorious claims. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). The Court must dismiss any portion of the
complaint that is legally frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief may be
granted or asks for money damages from a defendant who by law is immune from such relief.
28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b). An action or claim is frivolous if “it lacks an arguable basis either in law
or in fact.” Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). Frivolousness is an objective
standard that refers to a claim that “no reasonable person could suppose to have any merit.” Lee
v. Clinton, 209 F.3d 1025, 1026-27 (7th Cir. 2000).
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An action fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted if it does not plead
“enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Bell Atlantic Corp. v.
Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). The claim of entitlement to relief must cross “the line
between possibility and plausibility.” Id. at 557. Conversely, a complaint is plausible on its face
“when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference
that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678
(2009). Although the Court is obligated to accept factual allegations as true, see Smith v. Peters,
631 F.3d 418, 419 (7th Cir. 2011), some factual allegations may be so sketchy or implausible
that they fail to provide sufficient notice of a plaintiff’s claim. Brooks v. Ross, 578 F.3d 574,
581 (7th Cir. 2009). Additionally, Courts “should not accept as adequate abstract recitations of
the elements of a cause of action or conclusory legal statements.” Id. At the same time,
however, the factual allegations of a pro se complaint are to be liberally construed. See Arnett v.
Webster, 658 F.3d 742, 751 (7th Cir. 2011); Rodriguez v. Plymouth Ambulance Serv., 577 F.3d
816, 821 (7th Cir. 2009).
Applying these standards, the Court finds that Plaintiff’s claims survive threshold review
under § 1915A.
On July 7, 2014, the date of the strip search and other events, Lawrence was on lockdown
because of a disturbance in the dining hall that had taken place two weeks earlier. Plaintiff’s cell
house was peaceful at the time. At about 11:30 a.m., 48 members of the tactical team entered
Plaintiff’s wing, yelling and banging their sticks against the cell doors. None of the officers
wore name tags or badges.
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Plaintiff was ordered to remove all his clothing. The officer 1 conducting the search made
derogatory comments to Plaintiff about his sexual orientation and pubic hair.
ordered Plaintiff to bend over, squat and “open his ‘asshole’” (Doc. 1, p. 8). When Plaintiff
complied, the officer pressed his stick against Plaintiff’s buttock and then said that Plaintiff had
something stashed in his anus. Plaintiff protested that he had nothing inside of him. However,
the officer made Plaintiff bend over the bed. He then forced his finger into Plaintiff’s anus,
causing him pain. Nothing was found. The officer ordered Plaintiff to put on some clothing and
lower his chin to his chest. Plaintiff was put into restraints.
After being removed from the cell, Plaintiff heard calls for help and looked up to see
what was happening. The officer slammed Plaintiff’s head down onto his chest and then struck
Plaintiff on the back of the neck. This blow caused Plaintiff to move out of the line of prisoners,
so the officer hit Plaintiff in the side with his stick (Doc. 1, p. 9). He then shoved Plaintiff’s head
into the back of the inmate in front of him. Another officer shoved the head of the man behind
Plaintiff into Plaintiff’s back. All the while, each inmate’s hands were cuffed behind him. The
men were squeezed together so that Plaintiff’s penis was pressed against the hands of the inmate
in front of him and his hands were in contact with the genitals of the man behind him. When
Plaintiff complained to the officers, one of them hit Plaintiff and told him that “If you do not
have a dick and nuts in your hand you are not in line right” (Doc. 1, p. 10).
The inmates were taken to the dining hall. Plaintiff was made to sit with his chin lowered
to his chest which caused pain to his neck, lower back, side and shoulders. Plaintiff asked the
officers for his medicine and back brace and asked to use the bathroom, but these requests were
Plaintiff refers to this officer and other Orange Crush tactical team members as “John Does” because
they wore no identification. Although Plaintiff did not include the John Does in his list of Defendants, he
clearly intended to assert a claim against the unknown parties whose conduct gave rise to his claims (Doc.
1, p. 5). Therefore, the Clerk shall be directed to add “John Does/Orange Crush Tactical Team” as parties
to this action.
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denied. Plaintiff urinated on himself twice and was forced to sit in his urine-soaked clothes for
the next three hours (Doc. 1, p. 10). Defendant Warden Duncan was present during these events,
as were Warden Moore and Lt. Freeman (who are not named as Defendants). Plaintiff called out
to Warden Moore for help, but was ignored.
Plaintiff made written requests for medical care and mental health assistance. He was
never called out for medical care. Some time later, he was summoned to mental health. He told
Mrs. Davis what happened on July 7, 2014 and disclosed that he was thinking about suicide. She
said she would send Plaintiff some information on sex abuse, but he never got it (Doc. 1, p. 12).
Plaintiff later called the PREA Report line and submitted six affidavits from other inmates. He
does not mention receiving any response.
Plaintiff seeks compensatory and punitive damages as well as injunctive relief to change
the way the IDOC conducts strip searches and operates the tactical team.
Merits Review Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A
The Court will begin with a preliminary note concerning the handling of Orange Crush
cases in the Southern District of Illinois. Plaintiff’s Complaint raises allegations similar to the
pleading in Ross v. Gossett, Case No. 15-cv-309-SMY-SCW, which was filed in this Court on
March 19, 2015. The plaintiff in Ross is seeking injunctive relief and damages on behalf of
himself and a class of prisoners who were subjected to similar strip searches while incarcerated
at Illinois prisons during 2014. Should the Ross class be certified, Plaintiff could potentially be a
member of that class. With this in mind, the Court will evaluate Plaintiff’s Complaint pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A.
Based on the allegations of the Complaint and Plaintiff’s articulation of his claims, the
Court finds it convenient to divide the pro se action into the following counts. The parties and
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the Court will use these designations in all future pleadings and orders, unless otherwise directed
by a judicial officer of this Court. The designation of these counts does not constitute an opinion
as to their merit. Any other claim that is mentioned in the Complaint but not addressed in this
Order should be considered dismissed without prejudice.
Count 1: Eighth Amendment claim against all Defendants, for subjecting
Plaintiff to a humiliating and intrusive strip search and body cavity search during
the shakedown on July 7, 2014, and forcing him to come into contact with the
genitals of other prisoner(s) and to place his genitals against the hands of other
prisoner(s), and/or failing to intervene to stop these actions;
Count 2: Eighth Amendment claim against all Defendants, for using excessive
force against Plaintiff when John Doe Orange Crush officers struck and shoved
Plaintiff and forced him to sit in a stress position for hours, and/or failing to
intervene to stop these actions;
Count 3: Eighth Amendment claim against all Defendants, for denying Plaintiff
access to the bathroom, and forcing him to sit in his own urine for hours, and/or
failing to intervene to stop these actions.
Given the similarity between Plaintiff’s Complaint and the Complaint in Ross, the fact
that the Complaint in Ross was permitted through screening and the fact that a motion to dismiss
was denied in Ross (as to Counts 1, 2, 3, and 5 in that case) (see Ross v. Gossett, Case No. 15-cv309-SMY-SCW, Doc. 76), the Court is of the opinion that Counts 1 and 2 herein cannot be
dismissed in this case at this time.
Count 3 may also proceed for further review. The lack of access to toilet facilities for a
relatively short period of time may not be sufficiently serious to state a claim of constitutional
dimension. See, e.g., Clark v. Spey, No. 01-C-9669, 2002 WL 31133198 at *2-3 (N.D. Ill. Sept.
26, 2002) (inmate held in cold cell with no toilet for several hours overnight failed to state a
claim); Ledbetter v. City of Topeka, Kansas, 318 F.3d 1183, 1188 (10th Cir. 2003) (pretrial
detainee held for five hours in cell lacking a toilet did not state claim for cruel and unusual
punishment). However, denying bathroom access to an inmate who has no alternative but to
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urinate on himself, and then making him sit in his urine-soaked clothes for three hours, suggests
an Eighth Amendment violation. See Thomas v. Illinois, 697 F.3d 612, 614-15 (7th Cir. 2012)
(depending on severity, duration, nature of the risk, and susceptibility of the inmate, prison
conditions may violate the Eighth Amendment if they caused either physical, psychological, or
probabilistic harm). At this juncture, the claim in Count 3 survives review under § 1915A.
One final note concerning identifying individual members of the Orange Crush Tactical
Team: these individuals must be identified with particularity before service of the Complaint can
be made. Where a prisoner’s complaint states specific allegations describing the conduct of
unknown corrections officers sufficient to raise a constitutional claim against them, the prisoner
should have the opportunity to engage in limited discovery in order to ascertain the identity of
those defendants. Rodriguez v. Plymouth Ambulance Serv., 577 F.3d 816, 832 (7th Cir. 2009).
In this case, guidelines for discovery aimed at identifying the unknown parties will be set by the
magistrate judge. Once the unknown parties are identified, Plaintiff shall file a motion to
substitute the named individuals in their place.
Plaintiff’s motion for recruitment of counsel (Doc. 3) shall be referred to the United
States Magistrate Judge for further consideration.
The Clerk is DIRECTED to add “John Does/Orange Crush Tactical Team” as parties to
IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff my Proceed on COUNTS 1, 2, and 3, against
Defendants BALWIN, DUNCAN, and the JOHN DOES/ORANGE CRUSH TACTICAL
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IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this case shall be CONSOLIDATED with Ross v.
Gossett, Case No. 15-cv-309-SMY-SCW for all further proceedings. Ross v. Gossett shall be the
lead case. All future pleadings shall be filed in Ross v. Gossett and contain case number 15-cv309-SMY-SCW. The Clerk of Court is DIRECTED to let the record in Ross v. Gossett reflect
The Clerk of Court shall prepare for Defendants BALWIN and DUNCAN: (1) Form 5
(Notice of a Lawsuit and Request to Waive Service of a Summons), and (2) Form 6 (Waiver of
Service of Summons). The Clerk is DIRECTED to mail these forms, a copy of the complaint, a
copy of this Memorandum and Order, and a copy of the complaint in Ross v. Gossett, Case No.
15-cv-309-SMY-SCW to each Defendant’s place of employment as identified by Plaintiff. If a
Defendant fails to sign and return the Waiver of Service of Summons (Form 6) to the Clerk
within 30 days from the date the forms were sent, the Clerk shall take appropriate steps to effect
formal service on that Defendant, and the Court will require that Defendant to pay the full costs
of formal service, to the extent authorized by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Service shall not be made on the JOHN DOES/ORANGE CRUSH TACTICAL
TEAM until such time as Plaintiff has identified specific team members by name in a properly
filed motion for substitution. Plaintiff is ADVISED that it is Plaintiff’s responsibility to provide
the Court with the name and service address for these individuals.
With respect to a Defendant who no longer can be found at the work address provided by
Plaintiff, the employer shall furnish the Clerk with the Defendant’s current work address, or, if
not known, the Defendant’s last-known address. This information shall be used only for sending
the forms as directed above or for formally effecting service. Any documentation of the address
shall be retained only by the Clerk. Address information shall not be maintained in the court file
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or disclosed by the Clerk.
Plaintiff shall serve upon Defendants (or upon defense counsel once an appearance is
entered), a copy of every pleading or other document submitted for consideration by the Court.
Plaintiff shall include with the original paper to be filed a certificate stating the date on which a
true and correct copy of the document was served on Defendants or counsel. Any paper received
by a district judge or magistrate judge that has not been filed with the Clerk or that fails to
include a certificate of service will be disregarded by the Court.
Defendants are ORDERED to timely file an appropriate responsive pleading to the
complaint in Ross v. Gossett, Case No. 15-cv-309-SMY-SCW and shall not waive filing a reply
pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(g).
Defendants are ORDERED to timely file an appropriate responsive pleading to the
complaint and shall not waive filing a reply pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(g).
Pursuant to Local Rule 72.1(a)(2), this action is REFERRED to United States
Magistrate Judge Stephen c. Williams for further pre-trial proceedings, which shall include a
determination on the pending motion for recruitment of counsel (Doc. 3).
Further, this entire matter shall be REFERRED to United States Magistrate Judge
Williams for disposition, pursuant to Local Rule 72.2(b)(2) and 28 U.S.C. § 636(c), if all parties
consent to such a referral.
If judgment is rendered against Plaintiff, and the judgment includes the payment of costs
under § 1915, Plaintiff will be required to pay the full amount of the costs, notwithstanding that
his application to proceed in forma pauperis has been granted. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(f)(2)(A).
Finally, Plaintiff is ADVISED that he is under a continuing obligation to keep the Clerk
of Court and each opposing party informed of any change in his address; the Court will not
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independently investigate his whereabouts. This shall be done in writing and not later than 7
days after a transfer or other change in address occurs. Failure to comply with this order will
cause a delay in the transmission of court documents and may result in dismissal of this action
for want of prosecution. See FED. R. CIV. P. 41(b).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED: May 13, 2016
s/ STACI M. YANDLE
United States District Judge
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