Westmoreland v. Stratton et al
ORDER DENYING 3 Motion for Joinder. Signed by Magistrate Judge Donald G. Wilkerson on 9/11/2017. (sgp)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
Case No. 3:17-cv-500-JGP-DGW
WILKERSON, Magistrate Judge:
Now pending before the Court is the motion for joinder filed by Plaintiff, Jeremy
Westmoreland, on May 11, 2017 (Doc. 3). The Motion is DENIED.
Plaintiff seeks to join another lawsuit that is pending in this District, Bible v. Stratton,
3:14-cv-325-JPG-RJD. Plaintiff claims that joinder should be permitted pursuant to Federal Rule
of Civil Procedure 20(a) because his claim arises out of the same transaction or occurrence that
gave rise to the Bible matter. Plaintiff states that he too was subject to a failure to protect while
incarcerated at the Jackson County Jail from November 2012 to April 2013.
Rule 20(a) permits joinder as plaintiffs when they “assert any right to relief jointly,
severally, or in the alternative with respect to or arising out of the same transaction, occurrence, or
series of transactions or occurrences” and there are common questions of law or fact. Plaintiff
claims that his failure to protect claims arises out of the same transaction as the Bible matter and
that he is suing the same Defendant. Even if Plaintiff meets the requirements of Rule 20, joinder
will not be permitted. In addition to the requirements of Rule 20, the Court may also consider
“other relevant factors in a case in order to determine whether the permissive joinder of a party will
comport with the principles of fundamental fairness” and whether it would create “prejudice,
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expense, or delay.” Chavez v. Illinois State. Police, 251 F.3d 621, 632 (7th Cir. 2001) (citations
and quotation marks omitted).
The parties in the Bible matter, that was filed more than 3 years ago, have settled. This
matter was just filed. Plaintiff waited too long to seek to join that matter and joinder at this stage
would unnecessarily multiply the expenses of the previous proceedings.
It would be
fundamentally unfair to re-open those proceedings at this stage of the litigation. In addition,
Defendant in this matter may have various defenses that were not present in the Bible matter.
Permitting Plaintiff to join the previous matter would prejudice Defendant. Plaintiff’s motion is
DATED: September 11, 2017
DONALD G. WILKERSON
United States Magistrate Judge
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