Vanover v. Werlich
ORDER REFERRING CASE to Magistrate Judge Clifford J. Proud. Signed by Judge David R. Herndon on 11/30/2017. (tjk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
OBELL XAVIER VANOVER,
Case No. 17-cv-1189-DRH
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
HERNDON, District Judge:
Petitioner, currently incarcerated in the FCI-Greenville, brings this habeas
corpus action pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 to challenge the constitutionality of
his confinement. 1 He asserts that in light of Mathis v. United States, –– U.S. ––,
136 S. Ct. 2243, 2250 (2016), he should not have been classified as an armed
career criminal for sentencing purposes, based on his 3 previous Kansas
convictions for burglary and 3 Iowa convictions for controlled substance offenses.
(Doc. 5, p. 3; Doc. 5-1, pp. 3, 18-20).
Petitioner was convicted after a jury trial in the Southern District of Iowa
(Case No. 08-CR-22), and sentenced on October 30, 2009, to 360 months on 3
drug offenses, a concurrent term of 180 months for being a felon in possession of
a firearm, and a consecutive 60 months for possession of a firearm in furtherance
Petitioner has an earlier § 2241 petition now pending in this Court, Vanover v. Cross,
Case No. 15-cv-1065-DRH-CJP, in which he raised a challenge based on Rosemond v.
United States, 134 S. Ct. 1240 (2014), to his conviction for “using or carrying” a firearm
in furtherance of a drug crime. That claim is still under consideration.
of a drug crime. (Doc. 5, p. 2; Doc. 5-1, pp. 1-2). His sentence was affirmed on
appeal. United States v. Vanover, 630 F.3d 1108 (8th Cir. 2011). On August 2,
2012, his timely § 2255 motion was denied (Case No. 11-cv-546 (S.D. Iowa)).
(Doc. 5, p. 2).
This case is now before the Court for a preliminary review of the Petition
pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in United States
Without commenting on the merits of Petitioner’s claims, the
Court concludes that the Petition survives preliminary review under Rule 4 and
Rule 1(b) 2 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases in United States District
Courts. Given the limited record and the still-developing application of Mathis, it
is not plainly apparent that Petitioner is not entitled to habeas relief.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Respondent shall answer or otherwise
plead within thirty days of the date this Order is entered. This preliminary order
to respond does not, of course, preclude the Government from raising any
objection or defense it may wish to present.
Service upon the United States
Attorney for the Southern District of Illinois, 750 Missouri Avenue, East St. Louis,
Illinois, shall constitute sufficient service.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that pursuant to Local Rule 72.1(a)(2), this
cause is referred to United States Magistrate Judge Clifford J. Proud for further
Rule 1(b) of those Rules gives this Court the authority to apply the rules to other habeas
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this entire matter be REFERRED to
United States Magistrate Judge Proud for disposition, as contemplated by Local
Rule 72.2(b)(2) and 28 U.S.C. § 636(c), should all the parties consent to such a
Petitioner is ADVISED of his continuing obligation to keep the Clerk (and
each opposing party) informed of any change in his whereabouts during the
pendency of this action. This notification shall be done in writing and not later
than seven (7) days after a transfer or other change in address occurs. Failure to
provide such notice may result in dismissal of this action. See FED. R. CIV. P.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
United States District Judge
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