Augusta v. Mahaffey et al
ORDER: Plaintiff is GRANTED leave to file a Third Amended Complaint on or before July 16, 2018. Should Plaintiff fail to file his Third Amended Complaint within the allotted time or consistent with the instructions set forth in this Order, the entire case shall be dismissed with prejudice for failure to comply with a court order and/or for failure to prosecute his claims. (Amended Pleadings due by 7/16/2018). Signed by Judge Staci M. Yandle on 6/18/2018. (tjk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
Case No. 18-cv-905-SMY
C/O MAHAFFEY, and
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
YANDLE, District Judge:
Plaintiff Quennel Augusta is currently incarcerated at Jacksonville Correctional Center
(“Jacksonville”). The original civil rights Complaint was filed by Augusta and a co-plaintiff,
Shawn J. Flores, in Augusta, et al. v. Employees of Vandalia Correctional Center, et al., Case
No. 17-cv-798-SMY. At Augusta’s request, the claims of co-plaintiff Flores were severed into a
new action and Augusta was granted leave to file an Amended Complaint. However, the
Amended Complaint did not survive preliminary review, and on April 10, 2018, Augusta filed a
Second Amended Complaint.
After reviewing the Second Amended Complaint, the Court severed a number of
Augusta’s claims from the original case into separate actions. (Doc. 1). The instant case
concerns Count 6, which arose at Vandalia Correctional Center (“Vandalia”) and is described as
Count 6 –
Eighth Amendment claim against Mahaffey and Berg for denying Augusta
meals on unspecified occasions.
Plaintiff’s claim is now before the Court for a preliminary review pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915A. 1
Under § 1915A, the Court is required to screen prisoner Complaints to filter out nonmeritorious claims. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). Any portion of a Complaint that is legally
frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks money
damages from a defendant who by law is immune from such relief, must be dismissed. 28
U.S.C. § 1915A(b).
An action or claim is frivolous if “it lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact.”
Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). Frivolousness is an objective standard that refers
to a claim that “no reasonable person could suppose to have any merit.” Lee v. Clinton, 209 F.3d
1025, 1026-27 (7th Cir. 2000).
An action fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted if it does not plead
“enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Bell Atlantic Corp. v.
Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). The claim of entitlement to relief must cross “the line
between possibility and plausibility.” Id. at 557. Conversely, a Complaint is plausible on its
face “when the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable
inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S.
662, 678 (2009).
Although the Court is obligated to accept factual allegations as true, see Smith v. Peters,
631 F.3d 418, 419 (7th Cir. 2011), some factual allegations may be so sketchy or implausible
that they fail to provide sufficient notice of a plaintiff’s claim. Brooks v. Ross, 578 F.3d 574,
This action was severed on April 11, 2018. (Doc. 1). Shortly thereafter, Plaintiff filed a Motion to Reconsider
the severance order. (Doc. 6). The Court denied Plaintiff’s Motion to Reconsider on April 25, 2018 and allowed
Plaintiff time to clarify whether he wanted to proceed with the instant action. (Doc. 7). On June 15, 2018, Plaintiff
filed a pleading stating he wants to proceed with the instant action. (Doc. 8).
581 (7th Cir. 2009). Courts “should not accept as adequate abstract recitations of the elements of
a cause of action or conclusory legal statements.” Id. However, the factual allegations of a pro
se Complaint are to be liberally construed. See Arnett v. Webster, 658 F.3d 742, 751 (7th Cir.
2011); Rodriguez v. Plymouth Ambulance Serv., 577 F.3d 816, 821 (7th Cir. 2009).
On June 15, 2018, Augusta filed a Response to Proceed with This Case (Doc. 8) and a
Motion to Produce (Doc. 9). In addition to indicating that he wants to proceed with the instant
action, he asks the Court to (1) order Defendants to produce certain grievances; (2) consider
additional facts not included in the Second Amended Complaint; and (3) provide Plaintiff with
the case number assigned to this action.
For the reasons discussed below, Count 6 does not survive preliminary review. As such,
the request for discovery is premature and shall be denied without prejudice. Plaintiff also asks
to supplement the record with additional facts but as the Court has previously explained,
piecemeal amendments are not permitted. Therefore, in reviewing Count 6, the Court will not
consider any supplemental material. Plaintiff, however, will be granted leave to file an amended
complaint. As to his the final request, Plaintiff will receive the case number for the instant action
when the Clerk of the Court supplies him with a copy of this Order.
The portion of the Second Amended Complaint which relates to Count 6 provides, in its
entirety, as follows: “Officer Mahaffey and C.O. Berg and many other employees of [Vandalia]
had denied me and other inmates from a state meals which this means we are to starve.” (Doc. 2,
p. 7). The Seventh Circuit has held that the denial of food is not a per se violation of the
Constitution. Reed v. McBride, 178 F.3d 849, 853 (7th Cir. 1999). However, other Circuit
Courts have found that the excessive denial of food can qualify as an Eighth Amendment
violation. Cooper v. Sheriff of Lubbock County, 929 F.2d 1078, 1083 (5th Cir. 1991) (failure to
feed a prisoner for twelve days unconstitutional); Dearman v. Woodson, 429 F.2d 1288, 1289
(10th Cir. 1970) (prisoner who was deprived of food for 50+ hours had a viable Eighth
In the present case, Augusta alleges that Defendants denied him and/or other inmates one
or more meals, leaving them to starve (“this means we are to starve”). (Doc. 2, p. 7). But
Augusta has no standing to assert the rights of other inmates; he may only challenge violations of
his own rights. See Singleton v. Wulff, 428 U.S. 106 (1976) (generally, one may not claim
standing to vindicate constitutional rights of a third party); Warth v. Seldin, 422 U.S. 490, 499
(1975) (“A federal court's jurisdiction ... can be invoked only when the plaintiff himself has
suffered ‘some threatened or actual injury resulting from the putatively illegal action.’”) (quoting
Linda R.S. v. Richard D., 410 U.S. 614, 617 (1973)); Gometz v. Henman, 807 F.2d 113, 115 (7th
Cir. 1986) (“Ordinarily a litigant may present only his own rights as basis of relief; jus tertii
litigation depends on some hindrance to first party litigation....”).
Additionally, the allegations related to Augusta are insufficient to state a plausible Eighth
Amendment violation. Specifically, the Court cannot discern whether Plaintiff is claiming that
Defendants denied him a single meal on a single occasion, or if they repeatedly denied him
meals. Without more facts and allegations, Augusta has failed to state a claim upon which relief
may be granted. Accordingly, Count 6 will be dismissed without prejudice.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Second Amended Complaint, which includes
Count 6, is DISMISSED without prejudice for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be
As set forth above, Plaintiff’s Motion to Produce (Doc. 9) is denied in part and granted in
part (granted only with respect to Plaintiff’s request for clarification regarding the case number
assigned to this action).
Plaintiff is GRANTED leave to file a “Third Amended Complaint” on or before July 16,
2018. Should Plaintiff fail to file his Third Amended Complaint within the allotted time or
consistent with the instructions set forth in this Order, the entire case shall be dismissed with
prejudice for failure to comply with a court order and/or for failure to prosecute his claims. FED.
R. APP. P. 41(b). See generally Ladien v. Astrachan, 128 F.3d 1051 (7th Cir. 1997); Johnson v.
Kamminga, 34 F.3d 466 (7th Cir. 1994); 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). Such dismissal shall count as
one of Plaintiff's three allotted “strikes” within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).
Should Plaintiff decide to file a Third Amended Complaint, it is strongly
recommended that he use the forms designed for use in this District for such actions. He should
label the form, “Third Amended Complaint,” and he should use the case number for this action
(i.e. 18-cv-905- SMY).
To enable Plaintiff to comply with this Order, the CLERK is DIRECTED to mail
Plaintiff a blank civil rights complaint form.
An amended complaint supersedes and replaces the original complaint, rendering the
original complaint void. See Flannery v. Recording Indus. Ass’n of Am., 354 F.3d 632, 638 n. 1
(7th Cir. 2004). The Court will not accept piecemeal amendments. Thus, the Third Amended
Complaint must stand on its own, without reference to any previous pleading, and Plaintiff must
re-file any exhibits he wishes the Court to consider along with the Third Amended Complaint.
The Third Amended Complaint is subject to review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A.
Plaintiff is further ADVISED that his obligation to pay the filing fee for this action was incurred
at the time the action was filed, thus the filing fee remains due and payable, regardless of
whether Plaintiff elects to file a Third Amended Complaint. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1);
Lucien v. Jockisch, 133 F.3d 464, 467 (7th Cir. 1998).
Finally, Plaintiff is ADVISED that he is under a continuing obligation to keep
the Clerk of Court and each opposing party informed of any change in his address; the Court will
not independently investigate his whereabouts.
This shall be done in writing and not later
than 7 days after a transfer or other change in address occurs. Failure to comply with this
Order will cause a delay in the transmission of court documents and may result in dismissal of
this action for want of prosecution. See FED. R. APP. P. 41(b).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED: June 18, 2018
s/ STACI M. YANDLE
U.S. District Judge
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