Hale v. Bennett et al
Order for Service of Process upon Jill Moore, Brian Bennett, and Sheriff of Saline County (official capacity only). The Sheriff of Saline County is added to the case for the sole purpose of participating in discovery to help identify the John Doe Physician Assistant. Signed by Chief Judge Nancy J. Rosenstengel on 11/17/2020. (anp)
Case 3:20-cv-00686-NJR Document 39 Filed 11/17/20 Page 1 of 6 Page ID #140
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
SHANNON ZINN HALE,
BRIAN BENNETT, JILL MOORE, and
JOHN DOE PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT,
Case No. 20-cv-686-NJR
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
ROSENSTENGEL, Chief Judge:
Plaintiff Shannon Zinn Hale, a pretrial detainee at Saline County Detention Center, brings
this action for deprivations of his constitutional rights pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. In his
Amended Complaint (Doc. 32). Hale alleges Defendants improperly treated his broken ribs and
autoimmune disease and denied him access to his medications; he seeks monetary damages.
This case is now before the Court for preliminary review of the Amended Complaint
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. Under Section 1915A, the Court is required to screen prisoner
complaints to filter out non-meritorious claims. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). Any portion of a
complaint that is legally frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief may be
granted, or asks for money damages from a defendant who by law is immune from such relief must
be dismissed. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b).
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The Amended Complaint
Hale makes the following allegations in the Amended Complaint (Doc. 32): Upon entering
Saline County Detention Center (“SCDC”), Hale informed an officer at intake that he was on
medication for anxiety and insomnia, had possible broken ribs that were painful, and had an
autoimmune disease (Doc. 32, p. 10). He later spoke to Nurse Jill Moore about his issues. He told
her about his possible broken ribs and requested an x-ray (Id. at p. 11). Although he requested pain
medication for his ribs, she only provided him with Tylenol, which did not alleviate his pain. He
later told her the medication was not working, but she did not provide him with any further pain
medications. She also refused his request for an x-ray.
He also informed Moore that he was previously diagnosed with an autoimmune disease
although he did not know the name of the disease (Doc. 32, p. 11). He had a previously scheduled
appointment to determine the actual disease but missed the appointment (Id. at p. 12). He asked
for a blood test to determine the nature of his disease, but she did not help him. He also told her
that prior to his arrival at the SCDC, he was taking medication for anxiety. Although he gave her
the name of his pharmacy and prescribing doctor information, she did not provide him with his
prescribed medication (Id.).
Hale later saw the John Doe physician assistant and asked for his prescribed medication,
an x-ray for his ribs, as well as testing to determine the nature of his autoimmune disease (Doc. 32,
p. 12-13). John Doe refused to provide Hale with his name and refused to document Hale’s requests
(Id. at p. 13).
Hale wrote a grievance to Brian Bennett about his improper medical treatment (Doc. 32,
p. 13). Although he wrote several grievances directed to Bennett, he never received a response
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Based on the allegations in the Amended Complaint, the Court finds it convenient to
designate a single count in this pro se action:
Jill Moore, John Doe Physician Assistant, and Brian Bennett
were objectively unreasonable in treating and diagnosing
Plaintiff’s autoimmune disease and broken ribs, as well as failed
to provide him with his medication, in violation of the
The parties and the Court will use these designations in all future pleadings and orders, unless
otherwise directed by a judicial officer of this Court. Any other claim that is mentioned in the
Amended Complaint but not addressed in this Order should be considered dismissed without
prejudice as inadequately pled under the Twombly pleading standard. 1
As Hale is a pretrial detainee; his claim arises under the Fourteenth Amendment rather than
the Eighth Amendment. See Budd v. Motley, 711 F.3d 840, 842 (7th Cir. 2013); Weiss v. Cooley,
230 F.3d 1027, 1032 (7th Cir. 2000). A standard of objective reasonableness, rather than deliberate
indifference, governs medical claims under the Fourteenth Amendment’s Due Process Clause.
McCann v. Ogle Cty., Illinois, 909 F.3d 881, 886 (7th Cir. 2018) (citing Miranda v. County of
Lake, 900 F.3d 335 (7th Cir. 2018)). As this stage, Hale alleges a viable claim against Jill Moore,
John Doe Physician Assistant, and Brian Bennett for their treatment of his injured ribs and in
denying him prescribed medications as well as testing and treatment for his autoimmune disease.
To help identify the unknown physician assistant, the Court ADDS the Saline County
Sheriff (official capacity only) for purposes of participating in discovery aimed at identifying the
See Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007) (an action fails to state a claim upon which
relief can be granted if it does not plead “enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face”).
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John Doe. Once the Sheriff has entered his appearance, the Court will provide further instructions
and deadlines for identifying the John Doe.
For the reasons stated above, Count 1 shall proceed against Jill Moore, John Doe Physician
Assistant, and Brian Bennett. The Sheriff of Saline County (official capacity only) is also ADDED
to the case to help identify the John Doe.
The Clerk of Court shall prepare for Defendants Jill Moore, Brian Bennett, and Sheriff of
Saline County (official capacity only): (1) Form 5 (Notice of a Lawsuit and Request to Waive
Service of a Summons), and (2) Form 6 (Waiver of Service of Summons). The Clerk is
DIRECTED to mail these forms, a copy of the Amended Complaint, and this Memorandum and
Order to the defendants’ place of employment as identified by Hale. If a defendant fails to sign
and return the Waiver of Service of Summons (Form 6) to the Clerk within 30 days from the date
the forms were sent, the Clerk shall take appropriate steps to effect formal service on that
defendant, and the Court will require that defendant to pay the full costs of formal service, to the
extent authorized by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
If a defendant can no longer be found at the work address provided by Hale, the employer
shall furnish the Clerk with the defendant’s current work address, or, if not known, defendant’s
last-known address. This information shall be used only for sending the forms as directed above
or for formally effecting service. Any documentation of the address shall be retained only by the
Clerk. Address information shall not be maintained in the court file or disclosed by the Clerk.
Defendants are ORDERED to timely file an appropriate responsive pleading to the
Amended Complaint and shall not waive filing a reply pursuant to 42 U.S.C. Section 1997e(g).
Pursuant to Administrative Order No. 244, Defendants need only respond to the issues stated
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in this Merit Review Order. Because the Sheriff of Saline County is only in the case in his official
capacity to help identify the John Doe, he need not file an Answer. Once he has entered his
appearance, a scheduling order will be entered providing instructions for identifying the John Doe.
If judgment is rendered against Hale, and the judgment includes the payment of costs under
Section 1915, Hale will be required to pay the full amount of the costs, regardless of whether his
application to proceed in forma pauperis is granted. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(f)(2)(A).
Finally, Hale is ADVISED that he is under a continuing obligation to keep the Clerk of
Court and each opposing party informed of any change in his address; the Court will not
independently investigate his whereabouts. This shall be done in writing and not later than 7 days
after a transfer or other change in address occurs. Failure to comply with this order will cause a
delay in the transmission of court documents and may result in dismissal of this action for want of
prosecution. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
NANCY J. ROSENSTENGEL
Chief U.S. District Judge
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Notice to Plaintiff
The Court will take the necessary steps to notify the appropriate defendants of your lawsuit
and serve them with a copy of your amended complaint. After service has been achieved, the
defendants will enter their appearance and file an Answer to your Amended Complaint. It will
likely take at least 60 days from the date of this Order to receive the defendants’ Answer, but it is
entirely possible that it will take 90 days or more. When all the defendants have filed Answers,
the Court will enter a Scheduling Order containing important information on deadlines, discovery,
and procedures. Plaintiff is advised to wait until counsel has appeared for the defendants before
filing any motions, to give the defendants notice and an opportunity to respond to those motions.
Motions filed before defendants’ counsel has filed an appearance will generally be denied as
premature. Plaintiff need not submit any evidence to the Court at this time, unless specifically
directed to do so.
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