Pike v. Rettig et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER TRANSFERRING CASE TO OTHER DISTRICT: Case transferred to Central District of Illinois. Signed by Judge J. Phil Gilbert on 9/9/2021. (jdh)
Case 3:21-cv-00959-JPG Document 6 Filed 09/09/21 Page 1 of 2 Page ID #59
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
RASHAN MARKELL PIKE,
Case No. 21-cv-959-JPG
CHARLES RETTIG, Commissioner of the Internal
Revenue Service, PONTIAC CORRECTIONAL
CENTER MAILROOM SUPERVISOR,
TIMOTHY GRIBBLEN, Bureau of the Fiscal
Service Director, and URSULA DEAN, Internal
Revenue Service Operations Manager,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter comes before the Court on plaintiff Rashan Markell Pike’s complaint about
problems getting his economic impact payments, commonly referred to as “stimulus payments,”
he believes he was due under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the
“CARES Act”). At all relevant times, Pike was an inmate at Pontiac Correctional Center, which
is located in the Central District of Illinois. Pike seeks relief from several federal officials and
one unknown Pontiac Correctional Center employee.
Because there is no indication that this case has any connection to the Southern District
of Illinois the Court questions whether venue is proper in this district. Under the general venue
statute, venue is proper in (1) a district where a defendant resides if all defendants reside in the
same state, (2) a district where a substantial part of the activities giving rise to the claim
occurred, or (3) if no other district is possible, any district in which a defendant is subject to
personal jurisdiction. 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b). Where defendants are federal officers, venue is
proper in a district (1) where a defendant resides, (2) where a substantial part of the activities
Case 3:21-cv-00959-JPG Document 6 Filed 09/09/21 Page 2 of 2 Page ID #60
giving rise to the claim occurred, or (3) where the plaintiff resides. 28 U.S.C. § 1391(e)(1).
Where venue is improper, the Court must dismiss the case or transfer it to a district where it
could have been brought. 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a). Generally, courts prefer transferring a case to a
jurisdiction where venue is proper as opposed to dismissing it. Transfer avoids the “timeconsuming and justice-defeating technicalities” required to refile a case in a proper venue. See
Goldlawr, Inc. v. Heiman, 369 U.S. 463, 467 (1962) (internal quotations omitted).
Venue is not proper in this district. The plaintiff does not reside in the Southern District
of Illinois and did not experience his problems getting his stimulus payments here. The
defendants are unlikely to reside here since their jobs are far outside the district. Furthermore, it
does not appear a substantial part—or even a miniscule part—of the activities giving rise to this
case occurred in this district. This case simply does not belong in this district and belongs
instead in the Central District of Illinois. The plaintiff and at least one defendant reside there and
are subject to personal jurisdiction there, and a substantial part of the activities giving rise to this
case occurred there. Venue is proper in that district.
Because venue is improper in the Southern District of Illinois, in the interests of justice,
the Court TRANSFERS this case to the United States District Court for the Central District
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a) for hearing in the division embracing Pontiac, Illinois. The
pending motions shall remain pending for decision in the transferee court.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED: September 9, 2021
s/ J. Phil Gilbert
J. PHIL GILBERT
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