Wilson v. Unknown Parties
ORDER DISMISSING without prejudice 1 Complaint filed by John Wilson, DENYING 3 MOTION for Recruitment of Counsel filed by John Wilson. Amended Pleadings due by 6/6/2022. Signed by Chief Judge Nancy J. Rosenstengel on 5/9/2022. (anp)
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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF ILLINOIS
UNIDENTIFIED FBOP EMPLOYEES,
Case No. 21-cv-1580-NJR
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
ROSENSTENGEL, Chief Judge:
Plaintiff John Wilson, an inmate of the Federal Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”) who is
currently incarcerated at U.S. Penitentiary- Marion (“USP – Marion”), brings this action
for deprivations of his constitutional rights pursuant to Bivens v. Six Unknown Named
Agents, 403 U.S. 388 (1971). He alleges that he was denied proper medical care for tooth
This case is now before the Court for preliminary review of the Complaint
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A. Under Section 1915A, the Court is required to screen
prisoner complaints to filter out non-meritorious claims. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). Any
portion of a complaint that is legally frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon which
relief may be granted, or asks for money damages from a defendant who by law is
immune from such relief must be dismissed. 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b).
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In his Complaint (Doc. 1), Wilson makes the following allegations: Beginning on
March 9, 2020, he issued requests for healthcare for tooth pain in his lower right molar
(Id. at p. 7). A week later, he sent another request to dental staff complaining of pain. His
electronic and written requests were ignored.
On May 12, 2020, he finally saw Dr. Canty for his tooth pain (Id. at p. 7). Dental
staff insisted that the tooth he was complaining of (Tooth #28) was not the tooth hurting
him; his pain had to be coming from Tooth #27. Wilson disagreed with the diagnosis. He
was seen by medical for pain on May 27, 2020, and PA-C Brooks determined the tooth
was not abscessed but prescribed him Ibuprofen for the pain (Id. ta pp. 7-8). On June 10,
2020, Dr. Canty again examined Wilson and insisted that Tooth #28 was not the cause of
his pain because it already had a root canal (Id. at p. 8). Dental staff also indicated that
the tooth Wilson pointed to should not even be there. Wilson later learned that the
confusion stemmed from staff having another “John Wilson’s” medical file, not his, and
they had failed to review his file when examining his teeth. Dental staff, after an x-ray,
determined the tooth at issue was in fact #28, as Wilson claimed, and Dr. Canty offered
to ether pull the tooth or try to save it (Id.). Dr. Canty prescribed pain medicine and an
antibiotic for one week. When Wilson requested an action plan on June 23, 2020, he
learned Dr. Canty had retired. Because the dentist retired, Wilson had to wait another six
months for a root canal (Id. at p. 9). Wilson blames dental staff for using the wrong
inmate’s medical history to determine treatment and for not preparing for Dr. Canty’s
retirement in such a way that Wilson could have a timely root canal.
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Simply put, Wilson fails to state a viable claim for deliberate indifference. While
his allegations could possibly state a claim, he has not identified any defendants other
than “unidentified FBOP employees” (Doc. 1, p. 1). He also refers to “dental staff”
throughout the Complaint but gives no description that would further identify these
individuals. He does refer to a Dr. Canty, but she is not listed in the caption of the
Complaint as a defendant. Wilson must make plausible allegations against individuals,
and these individuals must be listed in the case caption. See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662,
678 (2009); Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007); Myles v. United States,
416 F.3d 551, 551-52 (7th Cir. 2005) (to be properly considered a party a defendant must
be “specif[ied] in the caption”). Although Wilson may sue unknown defendants (i.e. John
Doe #1, John Doe #2, etc.), his claim against “employees” is too generic to survive
threshold review as he does not describe the “staff” he is suing or even state the number
Accordingly, the Complaint is DISMISSED without prejudice. Wilson will have
an opportunity to file a First Amended Complaint if he wishes to pursue his claims. If he
chooses to do so, Wilson must comply with the instructions and deadlines set forth below.
As to his motion for counsel (Doc. 3), Wilson states that he has contacted several
law firms who declined to take his case. He also indicates that he cannot access his records
to identify staff. Given the early stage of the litigation, however, it is difficult to accurately
evaluate the need for the assistance of counsel. See Kadamovas v. Stevens, 706 F.3d 843, 845
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(7th Cir. 2013) (“[U]ntil the defendants respond to the complaint, the plaintiff’s need for
assistance of counsel ... cannot be gauged.”). 1 Further, the Court finds that Wilson is
capable of filing an Amended Complaint on his own. Although he claims that he cannot
access his records to identify “dental staff,” he does not have to know names to file an
Amended Complaint. He can refer to individuals as John Does and describe the
individuals he seeks to bring claims against. Accordingly, his motion for counsel is
DENIED without prejudice.
For the reasons stated above, Wilson’s Complaint is DISMISSED without
prejudice. He is GRANTED leave to file a “First Amended Complaint” on or before June
6, 2022. Should he fail to file his First Amended Complaint within the allotted time or
consistent with the instructions set forth in this Order, the entire case shall be dismissed
with prejudice for failure to comply with a court order and/or for failure to prosecute his
claims. Fed. R. App. P. 41(b). See generally Ladien v. Astrachan, 128 F.3d 1051 (7th Cir. 1997);
Johnson v. Kamminga, 34 F.3d 466 (7th Cir. 1994); 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). The dismissal shall
count as one of Wilson’s three allotted “strikes” under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g).
An amended complaint supersedes and replaces the original complaint, rendering
the original complaint void. See Flannery v. Recording Indus. Ass’n of Am., 354 F.3d 632, 638
n. 1 (7th Cir. 2004). The Court will not accept piecemeal amendments to the original
In evaluating the motion for counsel, the Court applies the factors discussed in Pruitt v. Mote,
503 F.3d 647, 654 (7th Cir. 2007), and related authority.
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Complaint. Thus, the First Amended Complaint must stand on its own, without reference
to any previous pleading, and Wilson must re-file any exhibits he wishes the Court to
consider along with the First Amended Complaint. The First Amended Complaint is
subject to review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A.
Wilson is further ADVISED that his obligation to pay the filing fee for this action
was incurred at the time the action was filed, thus the filing fee remains due and payable,
regardless of whether he elects to file a First Amended Complaint. See 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915(b)(1); Lucien v. Jockisch, 133 F.3d 464, 467 (7th Cir. 1998).
Finally, Wilson is ADVISED that he is under a continuing obligation to keep the
Clerk of Court and each opposing party informed of any change in his address; the Court
will not independently investigate his whereabouts. This shall be done in writing and not
later than seven days after a transfer or other change in address occurs. Failure to comply
with this Order will cause a delay in the transmission of court documents and may result
in dismissal of this action for want of prosecution. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 41(b).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED: May 9, 2022
NANCY J. ROSENSTENGEL
Chief U.S. District Judge
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