Global Archery Products, Inc. v. Firgaira
OPINION AND ORDER: The Court GRANTS the Defendant's Motion to Reconsider 70 the Court's July 21, 2017, Opinion and Order 52 and DISMISSES this case. Signed by Chief Judge Theresa L Springmann on 8/13/2018. (lhc)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
FORT WAYNE DIVISION
GLOBAL ARCHERY PRODUCTS, INC.,
ASHLEIGH RENEE FIRGAIRA,
ARCHERY SPORTS, and ARCHERY
ARCHERY SPORTS, ARCHERY ATTACK,
and ASHLEIGH RENEE FIRGAIRA,
GLOBAL ARCHERY PRODUCTS, INC.,
CAUSE NO.: 1:16-CV-19-TLS
OPINION AND ORDER
On June 29, 2016, Plaintiff Global Archery Products, Inc., filed its Third Amended
Complaint [ECF No. 32] against Defendants Ashleigh Rene Firgaira, Archery Sports, and
Archery Attack, alleging breach of a covenant not to compete and a failure to return equipment
as required by a License Agreement. On May 24, 2017, the Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss
[ECF No. 48] for lack of subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
12(b)(1), arguing that the Court lacked subject matter jurisdiction because the Plaintiff could not
establish that the amount in controversy was greater than $75,000. The Plaintiff responded [ECF
No. 50] on June 7, 2017, and the Defendants replied [ECF No. 51] on June 14, 2017. On July 21,
2017, the Court denied [ECF No. 52] the Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss, finding that certain
sales of archery equipment by the Defendants, allegedly made in violation of the License
Agreement, exceeded $75,000.
The Defendants have now filed a Motion for Reconsideration [ECF No. 70] of the
Court’s denial of their Motion to Dismiss. The Plaintiff has not responded, and the time for doing
so has passed. In support of their Motion, the Defendants point to a stipulation (see ECF No. 701) signed by the Plaintiff that the sales on which the Court relied to find that the amount in
controversy exceeded $75,000 were not, and could not, be at issue in the present litigation.
“Unlike motions to reconsider final judgments, which are governed by Federal Rule of
Civil Procedure 59 or 60, a motion to reconsider an interlocutory order [under Rule 54(b)] may
be entertained and granted as justice requires.” Azko Coatings, Inc. v. Aigner Corp., 909 F. Supp.
1154, 1159 (N.D. Ind. 1995). Rule 54(b) provides in relevant part:
[A] ny order or other decision, however designated, that adjudicates fewer than all
the claims or the rights and liabilities of fewer than all the parties does not end the
action as to any of the claims or parties and may be revised at any time before the
entry of a judgment adjudicating all the claims and all the parties’ rights and
“The beneficial aspect of distinguishing between the two methods of relief is readily apparent
when the strict standard for granting relief under Rule 60(b) is contrasted with the practically
unbridled discretion of a district court to reconsider a previous interlocutory order [under Rule
54(b)].” Fisher v. Nat’l R.R. Passenger Corp., 152 F.R.D. 145, 149 (S.D. Ind. 1993). A court
may reconsider prejudgment interlocutory decisions at any time prior to final judgment. In re
949 Erie St., Racine, Wis., 824 F.2d 538, 541 (7th Cir. 1987) (citing Cameo Convalescent Ctr.,
Inc. v. Percy, 800 F.2d 108, 110 (7th Cir. 1986)).
No final judgment has been entered in this case, and the Court finds that reconsideration
of its July 21, 2017, Opinion and Order would be in the interests of justice.
The Plaintiff’s Third Amended Complaint bases subject-matter jurisdiction on diversity
of citizenship under 28 U.S.C. § 1332. Diversity jurisdiction exists when the parties to an action
on each side are citizens of different states, with no defendant a citizen of the same state as any
plaintiff, and the amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. See 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a)(1). In this
case, the parties disputed only whether the amount in controversy requirement was met. A
federal court has subject-matter jurisdiction “unless recovery of an amount exceeding the
jurisdictional minimum is legally impossible.” Grinnell Mut. Reinsurance Co. v. Haight, 697
F.3d 582, 585 (7th Cir. 2012).
The Defendants argued previously that, at most, the amount in controversy in this case is
$20,147, which represents non-sales profits and the value of equipment that the Defendants
failed to return to the Plaintiff. The Plaintiff argued that the amount in controversy exceeds the
$75,000 threshold because it can aggregate the $20,147 amount with the amount that previously
named Defendants1 Chris Firgaira and Archery Attack Proprietary Limited profited from
equipment sales, which is allegedly between $119,850 and $329,850.
The Court concluded that the amount in controversy requirement was met because the
Plaintiff could aggregate the sales in question, pushing the amount in controversy well past the
$75,000 requirement. (See Opinion and Order, ECF No. 52.) Now, however, the Plaintiff has
signed a stipulation that these sales are not in controversy, and it has no right to recover on them.
Chris Firgaira and Archery Attack Proprietary Limited were dismissed from this case without prejudice
[ECF No. 33] on June 29, 2016.
The Defendants assert that the Plaintiff’s damages are now capped at $20,147: $16,850 for nonsales-related profits and $3,297 for the value of unreturned equipment. No further sources of
damages have been alleged.
Based on this new information, the Court finds that it is legally impossible for the amount
in controversy in this case to exceed $75,000. Given the Plaintiff’s stipulation regarding the sales
on which the Court relied in denying the Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss [ECF No. 48] and the
lack of argument by the Plaintiff that its damages exceed $20,147, the Court finds that it does not
have subject matter jurisdiction over this action.
Therefore, the Court GRANTS the Defendant’s Motion to Reconsider [ECF No. 70]
the Court’s July 21, 2017, Opinion and Order [ECF No. 52] and DISMISSES this case.
SO ORDERED on August 13, 2018.
s/ Theresa L. Springmann
CHIEF JUDGE THERESA L. SPRINGMANN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
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