Venice PI, LLC v. Doe 1 et al
OPINION AND ORDER: Court GRANTS 6 Motion for Leave to Take Discovery Prior to Rule 26(f) Conference. Signed by Magistrate Judge Paul R Cherry on 9/14/2017. (tc)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
FORT WAYNE DIVISION
VENICE PI, LLC,
DOE 1, et al.,
CAUSE NO. 1:17-CV-379-TLS-PRC
OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on a Motion for Leave to Take Discovery Prior to Rule 26(f)
Conference [DE 6], filed by Plaintiff on September 6, 2017. Plaintiff requests leave to issue
subpoenas to non-party internet service providers to determine the identity of the Doe Defendants
in this case.
Plaintiff filed its Complaint on August 31, 2017, alleging copyright infringement claims
against sixteen Doe Defendants. Plaintiff alleges that the Doe Defendants violated Plaintiff’s
copyright by downloading and sharing unauthorized copies of Once Upon a Time in Venice, a movie
in which Plaintiff maintains a copyright interest. At this time, the only information Plaintiff has
about the Doe Defendants is their Internet Protocol (IP) address, as well as the city in which the
alleged infringement occurred. Accordingly, Plaintiff now seeks to subpoena records from various
internet service providers (ISPs) to connect the IP addresses with the Doe Defendants’ actual
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure generally prohibit discovery from occurring before the
parties conduct a Rule 26(f) conference, unless the Court enters an order allowing early discovery
for “good cause.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(d)(1); Progressive Cas. Ins. Co. v. FDIC, 283 F.R.D. 556, 557
(N.D. Iowa 2012). Courts consider the following five factors to determine whether there is good
cause for early discovery aimed at internet service providers to uncover internet users’ identities:
(1) a concrete showing of a prima facie claim; (2) a specific discovery request; (3)
the absence of alternative means to obtain the subpoenaed information; (4) the need
for the subpoenaed information to advance the claim; and (5) a minimal expectation
of privacy by the defendant in the requested information.
Rotten Records, Inc. v. Doe, 108 F. Supp. 3d 132, 133 (W.D.N.Y. 2015); see also First Time Videos,
LLC v. Does 1-500, 276 F.R.D. 241, 248-49 (N.D. Ill. 2011) (quoting Sony Music Entm’t v. Does
1-40, 326 F. Supp. 2d 556, 564-65 (S.D.N.Y. 2004)).
Plaintiff meets these requirements. First, Plaintiff has made a prima facie claim of copyright
infringement, which consists of two elements: (1) ownership of a valid copyright and (2) copying
of constituent elements of the work that are original. Feist Publ’ns, Inc. v. Rural Tel. Serv. Co., Inc.,
499 U.S. 340, 361 (1991). Plaintiff alleges that it maintains a copyright interest in Once Upon a
Time in Venice and that the Doe Defendants copied and distributed Once Upon a Time in Venice.
Second, Plaintiff has identified specific discovery, limited to identifying the Doe Defendants through
their internet service providers. Third, Plaintiff does not have an alternative means to match the ISP
addresses with the Doe Defendants’ identities.
Fourth, Plaintiff needs the information it seeks to advance its asserted claims. Indeed,
without discovering the Doe Defendants’ identities, Plaintiff cannot pursue its claims for relief at
all. Finally, Plaintiff’s interest in learning the Doe Defendants’ true identities outweighs the Doe
Defendants’ privacy interest in sharing copyrighted work through an online file-sharing network.
See Rotten Records, 108 F. Supp. 3d at 133 (quoting Arista Records, LLC v. Doe, 604 F.3d 110, 124
(2d Cir. 2010)).
In sum, Plaintiff has shown good cause for the requested discovery, and early discovery is
appropriate. Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(d)(1); Progressive, 283 F.R.D. at 557.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court hereby GRANTS the Motion for Leave to Take
Discovery Prior to Rule 26(f) Conference [DE 6] and ORDERS:
Plaintiff may serve each of the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) identified in Exhibit
2 to the Complaint with a Rule 45 subpoena commanding each ISP to provide Plaintiff with the true
name, permanent address, current address, telephone number, email address, and Media Access
Control address of Defendant to whom the ISP assigned an Internet Protocol (IP) address as set forth
in Exhibit 2 to the Complaint. Plaintiff shall attach to any such subpoena a copy of this Order.
Plaintiff may also serve a Rule 45 subpoena in the same manner as above on any
service provider that is identified in response to a subpoena as a provider of internet services to one
of the Defendants.
If the ISP qualifies as a “cable operator,” as defined by 47 U.S.C. § 522(5), which
the term “cable operator” means any person or group of persons (A)
who provides cable service over a cable system and directly or
through one or more affiliates owns a significant interest in such
cable system, or (B) who otherwise controls or is responsible for,
through any arrangement, the management and operation of such a
then the ISP shall, by sending a copy of this Order to the affected Defendant, comply with 47 U.S.C.
§ 551(c)(2), which provides that “[a] cable operator may disclose such [personal identifying]
information if the disclosure is . . . made pursuant to a court order authorizing such disclosure, if the
subscriber is notified of such order by the person to whom the order is directed.” 47 U.S.C. §
The subpoenaed ISP shall not require Plaintiff to pay a fee in advance of providing
the subpoenaed information, nor shall the subpoenaed ISP require Plaintiff to pay a fee for an IP
address that is not controlled by the ISP, or for an IP address that does not provide the name of a
unique individual, or for the ISP’s internal costs to notify its customers. If necessary, the Court shall
resolve any disputes between the ISP and Plaintiff regarding the reasonableness of the amount
proposed to be charged by the ISP after the subpoenaed information is provided to Plaintiff.
Plaintiff may only use the information disclosed in response to a Rule 45 subpoena
served on an ISP for the purpose of protecting and enforcing Plaintiff’s rights as set forth in its
SO ORDERED this 14th day of September, 2017.
s/ Paul R. Cherry
MAGISTRATE JUDGE PAUL R. CHERRY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
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