Morrison v. Prairie Farms Dairy, Inc. et al
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING #6 MOTION for More Definite Statement or to Dismiss filed by Prairie Farms Dairy, Inc and GRANTING #13 MOTION to Amend/Correct #3 State Court Complaint filed by Darryl Morrison. Plaintiff is DIRECTED to file the amended complaint (ECF #13 -1) on or before 7/21/2021. Signed by Magistrate Judge Susan L Collins on 7/14/2021. (mrm)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
FORT WAYNE DIVISION
PRAIRIE FARMS DAIRY, INC., et al.,
Case No. 1:21-cv-00216-WCL-SLC
OPINION AND ORDER
Plaintiff filed suit in Allen Superior Court against his former employer, Defendant Prairie
Farms Dairy, Inc. (“Prairie Farms”), and his labor union, Defendant RWDS Union Local 810
(“RWDS”) on March 26, 2021 (ECF 3), and Prairie Farms removed the action here on June 1,
2021 (ECF 1). Now before the Court is Prairie Farms’s Motion for More Definite Statement or
to Dismiss (ECF 6), together with a supporting memorandum (ECF 7), filed on June 7, 2021,
asserting that it cannot reasonably prepare a meaningful response to Plaintiff’s complaint and
asking that the Court order him to make a more definite statement of his claims, or alternatively,
to dismiss his claims. In response, on June 21, 2021, Plaintiff filed a motion for leave to file an
amended complaint (ECF 13), together with a proposed amended complaint (ECF 13-1). On
June 28, 2021, Prairie Farms filed a reply to its motion for more definite statement and a
response to Plaintiff’s motion to amend. (ECF 14). Plaintiff has not filed a reply to his motion
to amend, and the time to do so has now passed. See N.D. Ind. L.R. 7-1(d)(3)(B). Therefore,
both motions are ripe for ruling.
A party may move for a more definite statement of a pleading that is “so vague or
ambiguous that the party cannot reasonably prepare a response.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(e). “In
general, motions for a more definite statement under Rule 12(e) are appropriate when a ‘pleading
fails to specify the allegations in a manner that provides sufficient notice.’” Malekpour v.
LaHood, No. 12 C 6999, 2012 WL 5996375, at *1 (N.D. Ill. Nov. 30, 2012) (quoting
Swierkiewicz v. Sorema N.A., 534 U.S. 506, 513-14 (2002)). “Motions under Rule 12(e) are
generally disfavored.” Metz v. Joe Rizza Imps., Inc., 700 F. Supp. 2d 983, 992 (N.D. Ill. 2010)
Prairie Farms asserts in its motion for more definite statement that Plaintiff’s complaint
alleges “multiple theories of recovery for race-based discrimination and retaliation under both
Title VII and Section 1981, and intermixes these allegations between two separate Defendants.”
(ECF 6 ¶ 7). Prairie Farms contends that Plaintiff’s complaint makes it “impossible to determine
exactly what claims [he] is making, and what claims are against what parties,” such that Prairie
Farms cannot prepare a meaningful response to the claimed causes of action. (Id. ¶ 11). Prairie
Farms further argues in its reply brief that Plaintiff’s proposed amended complaint “is barely
changed from the original Complaint” and fails to cure the identified deficiencies. (ECF 14 at 24). Accordingly, Prairie Farms asks that the Court order Plaintiff to amend his complaint to
articulate the separate counts he intends to allege against Prairie Farms, and separately plead his
different theories of recovery against the two Defendants as separate counts. (Id. at 3-4). In the
alternative, Prairie Farms asks that the Court dismiss Plaintiff’s claims. (Id.).
Prairie Farms’s motion is unpersuasive. “Rule 8 requires very basic ‘notice pleading,’
which is offset by wide and liberal discovery rights.” Moore v. Fid. Fin. Servs., Inc., 869 F.
Supp. 557, 560 (N.D. Ill. 1994) (citation omitted); see Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(d) (stating that “[n]o
technical form is required” and that alternative pleading is permitted). Plaintiff’s complaint and
proposed amended complaint are not so vague or ambiguous that they fail to provide Prairie
Farms with notice of his various claims, as well as the grounds upon which they rest. See, e.g.,
Metz, 700 F. Supp. 2d at 992 (denying the defendants’ motion for a more definite statement).
To elaborate, in his proposed amended complaint Plaintiff alleges that he “was employed
by Defendant Prairie Farms from June 2017 until his wrongful termination on or about
December 30, 2019.” (ECF 13-1 ¶ 5). Plaintiff, who is African American, alleges that during
this employment he “was subjected to harassing comments and hand gestures by his supervisor,”
that the “hand gestures symbolized white power,” and that he “complained about the use of these
racist gestures.” (Id. ¶ 6). Plaintiff further alleges that he received several disciplinary write-ups
(id. ¶¶ 7, 9) “in retaliation for reporting his supervisor for using racially-offensive hand gestures”
(id. ¶ 11), that he was terminated for “allegedly accruing multiple written warnings” (id. ¶ 10),
and that “White/Caucasian coworkers were not written up and/or terminated for similar conduct”
(id. ¶ 11). Based on these factual allegations, Plaintiff asserts “that Defendant [Prairie Farms]
discriminated against, retaliated against, and terminated him on the basis of his race and color in
violation of Title VII and 42 U.SC. § 1981.”1 (Id. ¶ 13).
Given these allegations, Prairie Farms has received fair notice of the nature of Plaintiff’s
claims and has an adequate basis for responding to the claims.2 See Hallom, 2019 WL 1762912,
In the paragraph that follows, Plaintiff alleges that “RWDS discriminated [against] him and breached the
duty of fairness it owed him on the basis of his race and color in violation of Title VII and the National Labor
Relations Act.” (Id. ¶ 14). Accordingly, it is reasonable to infer that the “Defendant” referenced in the preceding
paragraph 13 refers to Plaintiff’s prior employer, Prairie Farms, and not his labor union, RWDS.
Moreover, as to Prairie Farms’s alternative request to dismiss Plaintiff’s claims, the proposed amended
complaint contains enough facts “to state a claim for relief that is plausible on its face,” Hallom v. City of Chi., No.
1:18 C 4856, 2019 WL 1762912, at *1 (N.D. Ill. Apr. 22, 2019) (quoting Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678
(2009)), and provides “fair notice of what the . . . claim is and the grounds upon which it rests,” id. (alteration in
original) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007)). Consequently, Prairie Farms’s alternative
at *2 (“If the pleading meets the requirements of Rule 8 . . . and fairly notifies the opposing party
of the nature of the claim, a motion for a more definite statement should not be granted.”
(alteration in original; citation omitted)). Indeed, Plaintiff’s complaint “is not so unintelligible
that Defendants could not frame a responsible pleading.” Id. In fact, RWDS has already filed its
answer (ECF 4, 5), and thus, apparently was able to prepare a meaningful response to Plaintiff’s
claims as set forth in his original complaint. Therefore, Prairie Farms’s Motion for More
Definite Statement or to Dismiss (ECF 6) is DENIED, and Plaintiff’s Motion for Leave to File
Amended Complaint (ECF 13) is GRANTED. Plaintiff is DIRECTED to file the amended
complaint (ECF 13-1) on or before July 21, 2021.
Entered this 14th day of July 2021.
/s/ Susan Collins
United States Magistrate Judge
request for dismissal is also without merit.
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