Rutherford v. Zalas et al
OPINION and ORDER DENYING 59 Motion to Strike. Signed by Senior Judge James T Moody on 1/14/2017. (jss)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
CHRISTOPHER D. RUTHERFORD,
CLINT A. ZALAS, et al.,
No. 2:14 CV 369
OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the court on a “Motion to Strike” filed by plaintiff’s former
counsel, Andrew U. D. Straw. (DE # 59.) In his motion, Straw states that he is currently
facing disciplinary action before the Indiana Supreme Court Attorney Disciplinary
Commission. (Id. at 1; In the Matter of Andrew U. D. Straw, 98S00-1601-DI-00012.) He
further states that, although this court never issued any sanctions as to Straw, his
actions in this case “became a count” in the disciplinary action. (Id. at 2.) Thus, he asks
the court to “confirm that this case was important, not ‘frivolous’” and to “officially
preclude Indiana Supreme Court discipline for having brought this suit.” (Id. at 1,4.)
During the pendency of this case, Defendants had filed a motion for sanctions
against Straw and his client. (DE # 28.) However, prior to its adjudication, the motion
was withdrawn pursuant to a settlement agreement between the parties, (DE # 55) and
this case was dismissed by stipulation of the parties on February 18, 2015 (DE # 56).
Nonetheless, Straw now asks the court to retrospectively opine on the matter and issue
an order stating that his client’s case “dealt with an important issue of disability and
parenting rights, not a frivolous issue at all.” (DE # 59 at 4.)
The relief sought in this motion implicates the abstention doctrine of Younger v.
Harris, 401 U.S. 37 (1971). As the Supreme Court explained, the abstention doctrine
reflects Congress’s “desire to permit state courts to try state cases free from interference
by federal courts.” Id. at 43. The scope of this doctrine covers state attorney disciplinary
proceedings. Middlesex Cty. Ethics Comm. v. Garden State Bar Ass’n, 457 U.S. 423, 432-37
(1982)); Crenshaw v. Supreme Court of Indiana, 170 F.3d 725, 727 (7th Cir. 1999). Therefore,
this court must abstain from enjoining or otherwise interfering in ongoing state court
proceedings that are (1) judicial in nature, (2) involve important state interests, and (3)
provide an adequate opportunity for review of constitutional claims, (4) so long as no
extraordinary circumstances exist which would make abstention inappropriate. Green v.
Benden, 281 F.3d 661, 666 (7th Cir. 2002)(citing Middlesex, 457 U.S. at 432-37).
Applying these factors to the instant motion, the disciplinary proceedings against
Straw are ongoing and judicial in nature. See, Crenshaw, 170 F.3d at 727. Second,
attorney disciplinary hearings implicate an important state interest. Middlesex, 457 U.S.
at 434 (“the [state] has an extremely important interest in maintaining and assuring the
professional conduct of the attorneys it licenses. States traditionally have exercised
extensive control over the professional conduct of attorneys.”). Third, the forum
provides an adequate opportunity to present constitutional claims; and indeed, Straw
makes no argument to the contrary.
As to the fourth factor, Straw appears to argue that the proceedings might be
biased against him because he is disabled. (DE # 59 at 3.) He states that he once worked
at the Indiana Supreme Court and alleges that the “ADA coordinator . . . attempted
retaliation against me for having complained about the disability discrimination in the
Indiana Supreme Court.”1 (Id.) However, he does not present any argument as to
whether or how his disability or the past episode with the ADA Coordinator might
negatively impact the present disciplinary proceedings. Without more, such conclusory
allegations do not persuade the court that the proceedings are biased or that the Indiana
Supreme Court harbors bad faith towards Straw. Crenshaw, 170 F.3d at 130 (citing
Pincham v. Illinois Judicial Inquiry Bd., 872 F.2d 1341, 1349-50 (7th Cir. 1989) (“[T]o
establish her entitlement to the bad faith exception to the Younger doctrine, [plaintiff]
must allege specific facts to support her inferences of bad faith, bias and retaliation. She
must present more than mere allegations and conclusions.”). Considering all of the
above factors, abstention is appropriate in this matter.
For the foregoing reasons, the motion to strike (DE # 59) is DENIED.
Date: January 4, 2017
s/James T. Moody_____________
JUDGE JAMES T. MOODY
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
Straw indicates that the discrimination he faced at the Indiana Supreme Court
began after he sustained serious injuries on his way to work at the Court. (DE # 59 at 3.)
He states that these injuries, in addition to “poisoning as a child at Camp LeJune,” are
the reason behind a “vast array of discrimination” against him. (Id. at 3-4.)
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