In re: Five Non-Party Deposition Subpoenas Issued
OPINION AND ORDER granting 1 Motion to Quash Subpoenas. Signed by Magistrate Judge John E Martin on 12/5/2017. (cc: pro se party, Magistrate Judge Debra McVicker-Lynch USDC Southern District of Indiana) (smb) Modified on 12/6/2017 to update docket text to opinion and order(rmc).
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
BMO HARRIS BANK, et al.,
CAUSE NO.: 2:17-MC-89-JEM
OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on Defendant BMO Harris Bank, N.A.’s Verified Motion to
Quash Subpoenas [DE 1], filed on November 28, 2017. The Bank requests that the Court quash
subpoenas that were issued to five of its employees in connection with a case currently pending in
the Southern District of Indiana.
In the underlying case, Walton v. BMO Harris Bank, N.A., case number 1:16-CV-3302WTL-DML, the pro se Plaintiff, Deborah Walton, caused subpoenas to be issued to five employees
of the Bank after two previous subpoenas were quashed for failing to comply with the location
requirement of Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 45(c)(1). The subpoenas that are before the Court
today command the five subpoenaed individuals to appear and testify at depositions scheduled for
November 28, 2017, and November 30, 2017, at a location in Gary, Indiana, and to bring with them
certain documents for inspection and copying. Because the employees were asked to appear at a
location within the Northern District of Indiana, this Court has jurisdiction over the Instant Motion.
See Fed. R. Civ. P. 45(d)(3)(A) (giving jurisdiction over motions to quash subpoenas to “the court
for the district where compliance is required”).
Before examining the substance of the Bank’s Motion, the Court must first determine
whether the Bank has standing to pursue the relief it requests. In general, “a party . . . has no
standing to move to quash a subpoena issued to a third party.” Allstate Insurance Co. v. Electrolux
Home Products, Inc., No. 16-CV-4161, 2017 WL 548297 at *3 (N.D. Ill. Nov. 15, 2017). However,
“[a] party has standing to move to quash a subpoena addressed to another if the subpoena infringes
upon the movant’s legitimate interests.” Alderson v. Ferrellgas, Inc., 3:12-CV-305-TLS-CAN, 2013
WL 11325054 (N.D. Ind. Aug. 22, 2014). A third-party subpoena requesting business records from
a party’s employee constitutes a sufficient infringement on that party’s business interests to confer
standing. See Parker v. Four Seasons Hotels, Ltd., 291 F.R.D. 181, 187 (N.D. Ill. 2013) (finding that
a movant had standing to object to a subpoena which sought “business records from one of its own
employees”). In this case, because all of the subpoenaed individuals are employees and officers of
the Bank, the Bank has standing to bring the instant Motion to Quash.
The Bank raises several arguments in objection to the subpoenas. First, it contends that the
subpoenas violate the location requirement of Rule 45(c)(1) because the subpoenaed individuals live
and work outside of the state of Indiana. However, Rule 45(c)(1)(A) permits parties to require
subpoenaed individuals to appear “within 100 miles of where the person . . . is employed.” The
record shows that the subpoenaed individuals all work at a Naperville, Illinois address which is less
than 65 miles from the Gary, Indiana location to which the subpoenaed individuals were called to
appear. Thus, the subpoenas do not exceed the location limitation imposed by Rule 45(c)(1).
The Bank next argues that the subpoenas should be quashed because they were not properly
served on the Bank and because they failed to provide a reasonable time to comply. Federal Rule
30(b)(1) sets forth the notice requirements: “A party who wants to depose a person by oral questions
must give reasonable written notice to every other party.” Further, if a Rule 45 subpoena “commands
the production of documents, electronically stored information, or tangible things . . . then before
it is served on the person to whom it is directed, a notice and copy of the subpoena must be served
on each party.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 45(a)(4). In addition, the Local Rules for the Southern District of
Indiana state that “[u]nless agreed by counsel or otherwise ordered by the court, no deposition will
be scheduled on less than 14 days advance notice.” S. Dist. Ind., L.R. Rule 30-1(d). The Bank
represents that it received copies of the subpoenas on November 21, 2017, which it represents was
after the subpoenas were served on the subpoenaed individuals, in violation of Federal Rule
45(a)(4). In addition, the date the Bank received notice was only seven days before one of the
scheduled depositions and nine days before the other. Notice periods of seven and nine days fall
short of both the 14-day requirement of Local Rule 30-1(d) and the reasonableness requirement of
the Federal Rules, particularly where, as here, the intervening days include the Thanksgiving holiday
weekend, and the depositions may require counsel to travel.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure emphasize the importance of cooperation between
parties on discovery matters. See, e.g., Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(c)(1) (“The motion must include a
certification that the movant has in good faith conferred or attempted to confer with other affected
parties in an effort to resolve the dispute without court action.”). The Southern District of Indiana’s
Local Rules likewise require attorneys to “make a good faith effort to schedule depositions in a
manner that avoids scheduling conflicts.” S. D. Ind. L.R. 30(d). The Bank represents that Plaintiff
did not attempt to confer with it in scheduling the depositions, and that counsel for the Bank had a
scheduling conflict on one of the relevant days. Although Local Rule 30(d) specifically governs the
conduct of attorneys, it is important for all parties, including pro se parties, to confer in advance of
scheduling depositions, in order to avoid conflicts. If Plaintiff believes the Bank is not making a
good faith effort to cooperate in scheduling needed discovery, the appropriate recourse is to file a
Motion to Compel in the Southern District of Indiana, not to issue subpoenas commanding the third
parties to appear with limited notice.
The Bank also asserts that Plaintiff failed to tender with the subpoenas the witness fees
required by Federal Rule 45(b)(1), and that the subpoenas are unduly burdensome because the costs
of attending and defending the depositions are disproportional to the needs of the case. These issues
are more properly addressed by the court in which the case originated; therefore, the Court declines
to make any finding on these matters.
For the foregoing reasons, the Court hereby GRANTS the Defendant BMO Harris Bank,
N.A.’s Verified Motion to Quash Subpoenas [DE 1] and QUASHES the subpoenas that Plaintiff
has caused to be served on Mary Kay D’Alessandro, Dan Gallagher, Robyn Dziwulski, Brian
Rathmann, and Margarita Rivera in Walton v. BMO Harris Bank, N.A.,, Southern District of Indiana
case number 1:16-CV-3302-WTL-DML.
SO ORDERED this 5th day of December, 2017.
s/John E. Martin
MAGISTRATE JUDGE JOHN E. MARTIN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
All counsel of record
P.O. Box 598, Westfield IN 46074
Magistrate Judge Debra McVicker Lynch
U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana, Indianapolis Division
46 E. Ohio Street, Indianapolis, IN 46304
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