Solano v. USA
OPINION AND ORDER: DISMISSING the motion for relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, ***Civil Case Terminated. Signed by Judge Jon E DeGuilio on 12/16/14. (jld)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
SOUTH BEND DIVISION
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Case No. 3:11-CR-050 JD
(Related Case No. 3:13-CV-327 JD)
OPINION AND ORDER
Now before the Court is Defendant Erik Solano’s Motion to Vacate under 28 U.S.C.
§ 2255. [DE 39.] The Court previously appointed counsel for Mr. Solano [DE 41], received
briefing, and held an evidentiary hearing regarding the timeliness of the petition [DE 58]. For
the reasons stated below, the Court concludes that the petition was, in fact, untimely. The
petition is therefore DISMISSED.
I. Procedural History and Facts
Mr. Solano was indicted in April 2011 on three counts related to cocaine distribution. He
was represented throughout the proceedings in this Court by his retained attorney, Andre
Gammage. Mr. Solano pled guilty to Counts 1 and 3 of the Indictment, with the benefit of a
written plea agreement, after which the Probation Office completed a Presentence Report.
The Presentence Report calculated the drug quantity attributable to Mr. Solano based, in
part, on an interview he had given to ATF agents. During the interview, Mr. Solano admitted to
agents that he had taken approximately thirty trips to Chicago in order to purchase large amounts
of marijuana (forty pounds each trip). Mr. Solano objected to the drug quantities contained in
the Presentence Report; in the objection, he admitted that he had made those statements to
agents, but claimed that he had been lying when he made the statements. Instead, Mr. Solano
claimed that he had only taken one trip to Chicago and purchased 25 pounds of marijuana.
Mr. Solano was sentenced on October 21, 2011. During the course of the sentencing
hearing, Mr. Solano testified in support of his objection to the presentence report. The Court
concluded that Mr. Solano’s testimony was not truthful, and so did not award him any reduction
in his offense level for acceptance of responsibility. His offense level was also increased for
obstruction of justice. Mr. Solano was sentenced to 168 months of imprisonment (at the low end
of the advisory Guidelines range), to be followed by a term of supervised release of three years.
Towards the end of the sentencing hearing, Mr. Solano was advised by the Court that he had
waived his appeal rights as part of his plea agreement. Mr. Solano stated that he understood that
waiver. The judgment was filed on October 26, 2011.
Mr. Solano claims to have told Mr. Gammage at the end of the sentencing hearing to file
a notice of appeal, since Mr. Solano disagreed that he should have received any “extra time”
based on his testimony at the sentencing hearing. Mr. Solano also claims that Mr. Gammage told
him he would come see him at the St. Joseph County Jail in two weeks. Mr. Gammage did not
visit Mr. Solano at the jail and no notice of appeal from the judgment was ever filed.
On November 1, 2011, Mr. Solano mailed a letter to Mr. Gammage from the St. Joseph
County Jail. The letter expressed frustration with Mr. Gammage’s past representation of Mr.
Solano. The letter did not mention anything regarding a requested appeal, but portions of the
letter are consistent with Mr. Solano’s explanation of the events (“You also told me on
‘sentencing’ that you will be here to see me. . .”). In addition, Mr. Solano wrote that he would be
hiring a new lawyer, filing a disciplinary complaint with the bar association regarding Mr.
Gammage’s representation, and further accused Mr. Gammage of accepting drugs as retainers.
The letter stated that Mr. Solano was “not expecting [Mr. Gammage] to write back.”1
In early November 2011, Mr. Solano’s father contacted other lawyers to take-over the
representation of Mr. Solano. His father paid one such lawyer—Ronald Strojny of Cicero,
Illinois—to review Mr. Solano’s case. Mr. Solano learned from his father that Mr. Strojny
contacted Mr. Gammage regarding the case. His father relayed to Mr. Solano that Mr. Strojny
had said nothing could be done regarding an appeal because of Mr. Solano’s appeal waiver in the
plea agreement. Mr. Strojny never visited Mr. Solano, mailed anything to Mr. Solano, or spoke
directly with Mr. Solano. Mr. Solano did attempt to contact Mr. Strojny by phone on one
occasion, but did not reach him.
After Mr. Solano arrived at his designated institution in West Virginia in mid-December
2011, he began trying to contact Mr. Gammage by phone with the intent to ask about the status
of his appeal. Mr. Solano estimated that he personally called Mr. Gammage’s office about ten
times, over the course of several months. Mr. Gammage’s staff did not accept the phone calls
from Mr. Solano. Mr. Solano’s wife also called and visited Mr. Gammage’s office “a number of
times.” No evidence was presented regarding the specific number of times his wife visited the
office, but in each interaction with Mr. Gammage’s staff she indicated only that her husband
wanted to talk with Mr. Gammage without indicating why. Mr. Gammage’s staff told her that
Mr. Gammage was not there or unavailable each time she called or visited. Ultimately, Mr.
Solano’s wife was never able to speak with Mr. Gammage.
At the evidentiary hearing, the government offered a November 9 letter from Mr. Gammage to Mr. Solano, which
purports to respond to the November 1 letter. However, the letter is unsigned and there is currently no evidence that
the letter was actually sent by Mr. Gammage or received by Mr. Solano. Accordingly, the Court affords no weight
to the November 9 letter. The government provided no further evidence from Mr. Gammage.
Mr. Solano testified that he was “concerned” in December 2011, since he was not able to
reach Mr. Gammage. However, he did not write any further letters to Mr. Gammage or make
other specific inquiries. Mr. Solano also learned within approximately five or six months of
arriving at his designated institution in December of 2011 of his ability to file a 2255 petition to
allege ineffective assistance of counsel.
On January 11, 2013, Mr. Solano mailed a letter to the Court regarding the status of his
case and appeal. In response, the clerk’s office sent Mr. Solano a copy of his docket sheet,
which showed that no appeal had been filed. After seeing that no appeal had been filed, Mr.
Solano sent his wife to Mr. Gammage’s office to ask for his case file. Mr. Gammage’s assistant
promptly sent the paperwork to Mr. Solano in West Virginia. Mr. Solano estimated that he
received the package about a week after the file had been requested.
On February 5, 2011, Mr. Solano wrote a letter to the Court requesting blank 2255 forms,
which were sent to him by the clerk’s office. He deposited his 2255 petition in the mail on April
15, 2013. No filings (including any request for an extension of time to file the 2255 petition)
were received between the February 5 letter and the 2255 petition.
Mr. Solano seeks to vacate his conviction under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, which permits a court
to vacate a judgment where “there has been such a denial or infringement of the constitutional
rights of the prisoner as to render the judgment vulnerable to collateral attack.” 28 U.S.C.
§ 2255(b). Specifically, Mr. Solano argues that he was denied his right to the effective
assistance of counsel, as guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment, because Mr. Gammage failed to
properly advise him regarding the sentencing impact of relevant conduct and the potential
consequences of any challenge at sentencing to relevant conduct.
However, section 2255 contains a limitations period and in order to be eligible for relief a
petitioner must timely file his petition. In this case, there are two distinct timeliness
considerations. The first is when the one-year statute of limitations period should begin to run.
Mr. Solano’s petition was deposited in the mail on April 15, 2013. Therefore, if the clock began
to run on April 15, 2012, or later, the petition is timely. If the clock began to run at some time
before April 15, 2012, then there is a second question that must be addressed: whether at least
some period of that time is excused by equitable tolling. Ryan v. United States, 657 F.3d 604,
607 (7th Cir. 2011) (“When a limitations period starts and whether it is later equitably tolled are
two different questions.”). The Court addresses each question in turn.
Start of Limitations Period
Section 2255 has a one-year statute of limitations, which begins to run from the latest of
(1) the date on which the judgment of conviction becomes final;
(2) the date on which the impediment to making a motion created
by governmental action in violation of the Constitution or laws of
the United States is removed, if the movant was prevented from
making a motion by such governmental action;
(3) the date on which the right asserted was initially recognized by
the Supreme Court, if that right has been newly recognized by the
Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on
collateral review; or
(4) the date on which the facts supporting the claim or claims
presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due
28 U.S.C. § 2255(f). Neither subsection (f)(2) nor (f)(3) are applicable in this case.
Mr. Solano’s judgment was filed on October 26, 2011, and no direct appeal was taken.
Therefore, for the purposes of subsection (f)(1), Mr. Solano’s judgment became final when his
time to file a notice of appeal expired on November 9, 2011. Clarke v. United States, 703 F.3d
1098, 1100 (7th Cir. 2013) (“the sentence did not become final until the deadline for filing a
notice of appeal expired”).
Whether subsection (f)(4) applies, and when it would trigger the start of the limitations
period, requires more discussion. That subsection starts the limitations period from “the date on
which the facts supporting the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the
exercise of due diligence.” The claims raised in Mr. Solano’s petition are two-fold: (1) Mr.
Gammage was ineffective in negotiating the plea agreement, since he failed to adequately advise
Mr. Solano as to the scope of relevant conduct under the conspiracy count and (2) Mr. Gammage
was ineffective at sentencing, since he objected to the relevant conduct which caused Mr. Solano
to lose his acceptance of responsibility as well as gained him obstruction of justice.
One might question whether the cause of his enhanced Guidelines range was the
objection to relevant conduct or Mr. Solano’s perjurious testimony. In any event, the facts
supporting these claims were, by his own admission, known to Mr. Solano at the time of his
sentencing. Mr. Solano testified at the evidentiary hearing that he immediately thought (at the
conclusion of the sentencing hearing) either what the Court or Mr. Gammage had done was
wrong, and knew immediately that he had lost acceptance of responsibility and that his offense
level had been increased for obstruction of justice. Additionally, Mr. Solano knew at the time of
sentencing whether Mr. Gammage had advised him of the possible consequences of his
It should be noted that the failure to file the notice of appeal is not the basis of any claim
in the petition and is argued only in support of equitable tolling. Therefore, whether or not a
notice of appeal had been filed is not a “fact supporting the claim or claims presented” by Mr.
Solano. 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(4); Gregory v. United States, No. 3:08CV482-1-W, 2008 WL
4980397, at *1 n.3 (W.D.N.C. Nov. 24, 2008) (“Because Petitioner does not raise an ineffective
assistance of counsel claim for failure to file a direct appeal in his Motion to Vacate, this Court
has not analyzed his statute of limitation issue under §2255[(f)](4) as the discovery of his
counsel’s failure to file an appeal is not a fact supporting a claim asserted in the Motion to
Vacate.”). Instead, Mr. Solano’s ineffective assistance claims rely only on the advice given to
Mr. Solano during the plea negotiations and leading up to the sentencing hearing, the impact of
which was known to him upon completion of sentencing. Accordingly, subsection (f)(4) does
not delay the start of the limitations period on these claims.
Therefore, the limitations period began for Mr. Solano’s two claims on November 9,
2011. Since his petition was filed more than a year after that date, he must benefit from
equitable tolling or his petition is untimely.
The one-year statute of limitations for 2255 petitions is not jurisdictional, so the
limitations period may be equitably tolled. United States v. Marcello, 212 F.3d 1005, 1010 (7th
Cir. 2000). However, equitable tolling is “reserved for extraordinary circumstances far beyond
the litigant’s control that prevented timely filing.” Socha v. Boughton, 763 F.3d 674, 684 (7th
Cir. 2014); see also Marcello, 212 F.3d at 1010 (“the threshold necessary to trigger equitable
tolling is very high, lest the exceptions swallow the rule.”). A petitioner is entitled to equitable
tolling “only if he shows (1) that he has been pursuing his rights diligently, and (2) that some
extraordinary circumstance stood in his way and prevented timely filing.” Socha, 763 F.3d at
683. The burden is on the petitioner for both points. Id.
Here, the Court finds that at least initially Mr. Solano did diligently pursue his rights.
The Court assumes for the purposes of this analysis that Mr. Solano did, in fact, instruct Mr.
Gammage to file a notice of appeal. After sending a letter to Mr. Gammage on November 1,
2011, presumably terminating his representation, Mr. Solano began calling Mr. Gammage about
six weeks later when he arrived at his designated facility in West Virginia. Mr. Solano’s wife
also called and visited the office on several occasions.
Those actions may have initially been reasonably diligent. See Ryan, 657 F.3d at 607–08
(“a reasonable prisoner may take at least two months . . . to suspect that counsel has dropped the
ball, contact counsel or the court, wait for a response, and verify the suspicion.”). However, it
should have been apparent to Mr. Solano quickly thereafter that other steps were necessary to
determine the status of any appeal. Other facts were known to Mr. Solano during this time,
which raised the need to inquire more deliberatively. During his sentencing hearing, this Court
instructed Mr. Solano as to the waiver of his appeal rights, which Mr. Solano stated that he
understood. So Mr. Solano should have understood his right of appeal was limited. More
importantly, Mr. Solano knew that he had sent the November 1 letter to Mr. Gammage, which
stated (among other things) that Mr. Solano would be hiring a new lawyer and filing a
disciplinary complaint. Mr. Solano also knew that his father had retained Mr. Strojny, that Mr.
Strojny had contacted Mr. Gammage, and that Mr. Strojny had advised Mr. Solano’s father that
nothing could be done because of the appeal waiver contained in the plea agreement. Under
those circumstances, it should have been apparent to Mr. Solano that Mr. Gammage may not be
taking any further action on his behalf.
When faced with these facts and a non-responsive counsel, a prisoner who was diligently
pursuing his rights would have done more than Mr. Solano did in this case. Given the inability
to reach counsel by phone, a reasonably diligent prisoner would have attempted other means by
which to determine the status of his appeal. He could have easily written a letter to Mr.
Gammage explaining the reason for his inquiry, which Mr. Solano did not do.2 Additionally, a
letter to the Seventh Circuit or to this Court would have quickly uncovered that no appeal had
been filed. Montenegro v. United States, 248 F.3d 585, 593 (7th Cir. 2001), overruled on other
grounds by Ashley v. United States, 266 F.3d 671 (7th Cir. 2001) (“That an appeal had not been
filed was a matter of public record, ‘which reasonable diligence could have unearthed.’”). Mr.
Solano did not write such a letter until January 2013. The Court believes that a reasonably
diligent prisoner would have done so sooner and, based on the facts presented here, within at
least two months after initiating calls to Mr. Gammage. Additionally, once Mr. Solano did have
the 2255 forms and his case file, he made no attempt to seek any kind of extension of time or
seek additional time in the law library to quickly complete his petition. See Socha, 763 F.3d at
So under the facts presented here, the Court finds that Mr. Solano did diligently pursue
his rights until mid-February 2014. The Court notes that even if Mr. Solano could prove
extraordinary circumstances prevented his filing and, thus, meet his burden to equitably toll at
least some part of the limitations period, this would still leave him about two months short of the
tolling needed to make his filing timely in this case.
However, there are no extraordinary circumstances in this case that prevented Mr. Solano
from timely filing his 2255 petition. Findings of equitable tolling related to 2255 petitions are
It appears that neither Mr. Solano nor his wife ever expressed to Mr. Gammage or his staff the reason for the
attempts to contact Mr. Gammage. Mr. Solano’s own calls were never accepted; Mr. Solano testified that his wife
only attempted to get Mr. Gammage to answer Mr. Solano’s phone calls, without disclosing the reason that Mr.
Solano was calling. Had Mr. Gammage known that the attempted communications were to ascertain the status of an
appeal, he may have responded in a timely manner, as he did when he was ultimately asked to provide the case file.
rare and the Seventh Circuit has identified a number of circumstances that do not constitute
extraordinary circumstances (at least standing alone). See Johnson v. Chandler, 224 F. App’x
515, 519 (7th Cir. 2007) (collecting cases); Modrowski v. Mote, 322 F.3d 965, 968 (7th Cir.
2000) (neither attorney negligence nor attorney incapacity is a ground for equitable tolling);
Montenegro, 248 F.3d at 593 (lack of response from attorney regarding pendency of direct
appeal is not a ground for equitable tolling); see also Muhammad v. United States, 735 F.3d 812,
816 (8th Cir. 2013) (lack of response from attorney regarding filing of 2255 petition is not a
ground for equitable tolling).
Mr. Solano argues that Mr. Gammage’s failure to file a notice of appeal and Mr. Solano’s
delay in discovering that fact constitutes an extraordinary circumstance that supports equitable
tolling in this case. [DE 50 at 2–3; DE 62 at 1–2.] Various courts have considered the effect of a
counsel’s failure to file a notice of appeal on the timeliness of a 2255 petition, but those
discussions are most often in the context of when the limitations period should begin to run
under 28 U.S.C. § 2255(f)(4). See Ryan, 657 F.3d at 607–08 (the determination of when a
prisoner should have discovered the lack of an appeal is a fact-intensive inquiry; “at some point,
the reasonably diligent prisoner will contact counsel, ask how the appeal is going, and either
receive an honest response or infer from counsel’s silence that something is amiss (and then
follow up with the court).”); Montenegro, 248 F.3d at 593; Wims v. United States, 225 F.3d 186,
191 (2d Cir. 2000) (“the five-month delay between September 1997 and February 1998—one
year before Wins sought habeas relief—is not so clearly unreasonable that it plainly appears
from the face of appellant’s petition and supporting papers that he is barred from habeas relief.”);
Anjulo-Lopez v. United States, 541 F.3d 814, 819 (8th Cir. 2008) (holding a reasonably diligent
person in the inmate’s circumstances would have discovered within three to four months that no
appeal had been filed).
Those cases that addressed the issue universally rejected the notion that a petitioner’s
delay in learning of the absence of an appeal is an extraordinary circumstance justifying
equitable tolling. Montenegro, 248 F.3d at 593 (“[Petitioner] argues that the barriers he faced in
learning that his appeal had not been filed constitute extraordinary circumstances . . . .
[Petitioner’s] circumstances do not rise to this level.”); see also Muhammad, 735 F.3d at 816
(addressing attorney non-responsiveness as to the filing of a 2255 petition; “We do not condone
attorneys failing to respond to letters or phone calls; however, in this case, [the attorney’s]
actions do not constitute an ‘extraordinary circumstance’ that prevented [the petitioner] from
timely filing his section 2255 motion”).
By comparison, in one recent case—Socha v. Boughton—the Seventh Circuit did find
extraordinary circumstances present in a case involving an otherwise untimely habeas petition.
763 F.3d 674 (7th Cir. 2014). That case had many unique circumstances compared to the
average request for equitable tolling. The petitioner had made repeated requests to his former
counsel to send the petitioner’s case file, which was necessary to develop his ineffective
assistance and Brady arguments; he also made attempts to get alternate counsel. However, even
despite repeated requests to turn over the petitioner’s file, his former counsel either did not
respond or did not comply with the request. Eventually, the petitioner received the file through
the intervention of the attorney’s supervisor. The Seventh Circuit distinguished these facts from
“garden variety neglect of a client” and found that this was “a rarer instance where the materials
necessary to conducting one’s legal affairs were being unjustifiably held by a person who had no
ability to use them.” Id. at 686. When the petitioner did receive the file, he was in segregation
with substantially limited access to the law library. Finally, the petitioner did file a request to
extend the deadline to file within the time to file his petition and a district judge granted the
extension (although a later district judge disagreed with the decision to grant the extension). In
all, the Seventh Circuit found that the petitioner in Socha faced “nearly insurmountable” hurdles.
Mr. Gammage’s actions fall far short of the extraordinary circumstances the Seventh
Circuit found warranted equitable tolling in Socha. Here, Mr. Solano made a series of phone
calls to Mr. Gammage (approximately ten over the course of many months, though the calls were
not accepted by his office and no reason for the call was communicated) and his wife similarly
called and visited the office. At most, Mr. Gammage’s misconduct was failing to accept or
respond to those calls.
The Court finds that Mr. Gammage’s conduct neither rises to the same level as the
attorney’s conduct in Socha nor otherwise presents an extraordinary circumstance that prevented
Mr. Solano from filing a timely petition. In Socha, the attorney had absolutely no basis to fail to
return the client’s file and Socha had no other alternative by which to obtain the information he
needed to file his 2255. Here, Mr. Gammage may well have had legitimate grounds for failing to
return the phone calls. The November 1 letter, in which Mr. Solano stated he was filing a
disciplinary complaint and hiring a new lawyer, can easily be read to state that he was firing Mr.
Gammage. Any belief by Mr. Gammage that he had been terminated would be further supported
by later contact from Mr. Strojny, who Mr. Solano’s father had retained to at least consult on the
matter.3 Moreover, there is no evidence to suggest that Mr. Gammage had any idea about the
Additionally, assuming that Mr. Solano instructed Mr. Gammage to file a notice of appeal, Mr. Gammage may
have mistakenly believed that the November 1 letter relieved him of any duty to file an appeal on Mr. Solano’s
reasons for Mr. Solano’s calls. And most notably, Mr. Gammage’s office turned the file over to
Mr. Solano promptly upon request.
Instead, the facts in this case are more comparable to those presented in Montenegro and
Muhammad. Like in Montenegro, whether or not an appeal was pending was available in the
public record; additionally, Mr. Gammage was never explicitly asked about the status of any
appeal, either in the November 1 letter or in the calls and visits to his office (in which no purpose
was specified). Montenegro, 248 F.3d at 589. Like in Muhammad, there was no burden on Mr.
Solano other than the inability to reach counsel and nothing stood in the way of him using
alternate means to monitor the status of his case. Muhammad, 735 F.3d at 816. Even if what
Mr. Gammage had done was improper, under these circumstances the Court finds it to be a
“garden variety” error, which does not warrant equitable tolling. Irwin v. Dep’t of Veterans
Affairs, 498 U.S. 89, 96 (1990).
Considering the record as a whole and the cumulative effects on Mr. Solano’s ability to
file his 2255 petition, the Court finds that Mr. Solano has not met his burden of proving that
there were extraordinary circumstances that prevented the timely filing of his petition. At best,
Mr. Solano may not have realized that the time was approaching in which he needed to file his
petition, even though he acknowledged in his own testimony at the evidentiary hearing he was
aware early on about his ability to file a petition. But that is not sufficient. Robinson v. United
States, 416 F.3d 645, 650 n.1 (7th Cir. 2005) (“a mistaken understanding about the deadline for
filing is not grounds for equitable tolling.”).
For these reasons, the Court finds that equitable tolling is not appropriate in this case.
Mr. Solano has not shown that an extraordinary circumstance beyond his control prevented
timely filing. And with respect to diligent pursuit of his rights, his initial diligence was for an
insufficient period of time to make the filing timely. In any event, diligence alone is not enough
to support a request for equitable tolling. Accordingly, there is not a sufficient basis to equitably
toll the statute of limitations for Mr. Solano’s petition and the petition is untimely. In light of the
Court’s holding on the timeliness of the petition, the Court need neither address nor receive
evidence on the merits of Mr. Solano’s contentions of ineffective assistance or whether the
petition is barred by the waiver contained in his plea agreement.
IV. Certificate of Appealability
Rule 11 of the Rules Governing Section 2255 Proceedings requires that the Court “must
issue or deny a certificate of appealability when it enters a final order adverse to the applicant.”
A certificate of appealability may be issued “only if the applicant has made a substantial showing
of the denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). The substantial showing
standard is met when “reasonable jurists could debate whether (or, for that matter, agree that) the
petition should have been resolved in a different manner or that the issues presented were
adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further.” Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484
(2000) (quotation marks omitted) (quoting Barefoot v. Estelle, 463 U.S. 880, 893 & n.4 (1983));
see Young v. United States, 523 F.3d 717 (7th Cir. 2008) (noting that “[i]f success on a nonconstitutional issue is essential (compliance with the statute of limitations is a good example),
and there is no substantial argument that the district judge erred in resolving the nonconstitutional question, then no certificate of appealability should issue even if the constitutional
question standing alone would have justified an appeal”) (citing Anderson v. Litscher, 281 F.3d
672 (7th Cir. 2002)).
Here, no additional argument is needed. The Court does not believe that reasonable
jurists could debate the correctness of the procedural ruling that Mr. Solano filed his 2255
petition after the statute of limitations had expired. Additionally, the Court believes its
assessment of whether the statute of limitations should have been equitably tolled is not
debatable among reasonable jurists because the circumstances in this case do not justify
equitable tolling. As a result, the Court declines to issue the Defendant a certificate of
The Court advises Mr. Solano (and counsel) that, pursuant to Rule 22(b) of the Rules of
Appellate Procedure, he may request that a circuit judge issue the certificate of appealability.
That request must be made within sixty days of this order. Fed. R. App. P. 4(a); Guyton v.
United States, 453 F.3d 425, 427 (7th Cir. 2006) (“the time to contest the erroneous denial of
[the defendant’s] first § 2255 motion was within 60 days of the decision.”).
For the reasons stated above, the Court finds the petition untimely. Accordingly, it must
ENTERED: December 16, 2014
/s/ JON E. DEGUILIO
United States District Court
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