Tate v. Superintendent

Filing 4

OPINION AND ORDER re 1 PETITION for Writ of Habeas Corpus filed by Petitioner Vinson Tate. The Petition is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE pursuant to Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases. Petitioner is DENIED a Certificate of Appealability. Signed by Judge Robert L Miller, Jr on 10/29/15. (cc: Vinson Tate).(cer)

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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA SOUTH BEND DIVISION VINSON TATE, ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Petitioner, v. SUPERINTENDENT, Respondent. CAUSE NO. 3:15-CV-459 RM OPINION AND ORDER Vinson Tate, a pro se prisoner, filed a habeas corpus petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 challenging his 2013 drug conviction in Allen County. (DE 1.) The court must review the petition and dismiss it if “it plainly appears from the petition and any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief. . . .” RULE 4 OF THE RULES GOVERNING SECTION 2254 CASES. According to the petition, a jury found Mr. Tate of dealing in cocaine in Cause No. 02D05-1206-FA-28. (Id. at 1.) On July 19, 2013, he was sentenced to 35 years in prison. (Id.) He pursued a direct appeal and sought transfer to the Indiana Supreme Court, but transfer was denied. (Id.) He hasn’t pursued state post-conviction relief. (Id. at 2.) On October 1, 2015, he tendered his federal petition to prison officials for mailing. (Id. at 35.) Giving the petition liberal construction, he alleges that his appellate counsel was ineffective for failing to raise various issues on appeal. (Id. at 3-4.) He acknowledges that he hasn’t yet presented these claims to the Indiana Supreme Court. (Id.) -1- The Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (“AEDPA”) governs Mr. Tate’s petition. See Lindh v. Murphy, 521 U.S. 320, 336 (1997). AEDPA allows a federal court to issue a writ of habeas corpus on behalf of a person in custody pursuant to a state court judgment “on the ground that he is in custody in violation of the Constitution or laws or treaties of the United States.” 28 U.S.C. § 2254(a). Before considering the merits of a habeas petition, the court must ensure that the petitioner has exhausted all available remedies in the state courts. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1)(A); Lewis v. Sternes, 390 F.3d 1019, 1025 (7th Cir. 2004). Inherent in the habeas petitioner’s obligation to exhaust his state court remedies before seeking relief in habeas corpus, see 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1)(A), is the duty to fairly present his federal claims to the state courts. . . . Fair presentment in turn requires the petitioner to assert his federal claim through one complete round of state-court review, either on direct appeal of his conviction or in post-conviction proceedings. This means that the petitioner must raise the issue at each and every level in the state court system, including levels at which review is discretionary rather than mandatory. Lewis v. Sternes, 390 F.3d at 1025-26 (internal citations and quotation marks omitted). It’s clear from the petition that Mr. Tate hasn’t yet presented his claims in one complete round of state review, including with the Indiana Supreme Court. Until he does so, he can’t obtain federal habeas relief. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1)(A). Accordingly, the petition is subject to dismissal. The court should consider staying rather than dismissing a petition containing unexhausted claims when the one-year statute of limitations under AEDPA has run or is close to running, such that “dismissal would effectively end any chance at federal habeas review.” Dolis v. Chambers, 454 F.3d 721, 725 (2006). There is no such danger here. Mr. -2- Tate’s conviction became final on September 2, 2015, allowing for the ninety days in which Mr. Tate could have applied for certiorari. Balsewicz v. Kingston, 425 F.3d 1029, 1032 (2005). He has one year from that date to pursue federal habeas relief, and the deadline will be tolled while he has a properly filed state post-conviction petition pending. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1), (2). If he acts diligently, he should have no difficulty returning to federal court after he exhausts his state court remedies. Therefore, the petition will be dismissed, but the dismissal will be without prejudice to his right to file a new petition after he exhausts his state court remedies. Pursuant to RULE 11 OF THE RULES GOVERNING SECTION 2254 CASES, the court must either issue or deny a certificate of appealability in all cases where a final order is entered adverse to the petitioner. To obtain a certificate of appealability, the petitioner must make a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right by establishing “that reasonable jurists could debate whether (or, for that matter, agree that) the petition should have been resolved in a different manner or that the issues presented were adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further.” Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000) (internal quote marks and citation omitted). When the court has dismissed the petitioner’s claim on procedural grounds, the determination of whether a certificate of appealability should issue has two components. Id. at 484–85. First, the petitioner must show that reasonable jurists would find it debatable whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling. Id. at 484. Next, the petitioner must show that reasonable jurists would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim for the denial of a constitutional right. -3- Id. Each is a threshold inquiry, so only one component needs to be addressed if it will resolve the issue. Id. at 485. Mr. Tate hasn’t yet exhausted his state court remedies, and so his petition must be dismissed. A dismissal without prejudice for failure to exhaust state court remedies isn’t an appealable order unless the petitioner would be time-barred or otherwise precluded from returning to federal court after exhausting his state court remedies. Dolis v. Chambers, 454 F.3d at 723; Moore v. Mote, 368 F.3d 754 (7th Cir. 2004). That issue is not presented here, and so the dismissal order wouldn’t be appealable. Aside from this procedural barrier, nothing before the court suggests that jurists of reason could debate the correctness of the court’s procedural ruling or find a reason to encourage Mr. Tate to proceed further without first exhausting his state court remedies. For these reasons, the petition (DE 1) is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE pursuant to RULE 4 OF THE RULES GOVERNING SECTION 2254 CASES, and the petitioner is DENIED a certificate of appealability. SO ORDERED. ENTERED: October 29 , 2015 /s/ Robert L. Miller, Jr. Judge United States District Court -4-

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