Underwood v. Hawk et al
OPINION AND ORDER re 1 PRO SE COMPLAINT filed by Kelvin Underwood. This case is DISMISSED pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A because it is frivolous. Signed by Judge Joseph S Van Bokkelen on 2/15/17. (Copy mailed to pro se party).(cer)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
Case No. 3:16-CV-837 JVB
SHARON HAWK, et al.,
OPINION AND ORDER
Kelvin Underwood, a pro se prisoner, is suing eight defendants “for retaliation and denial
of federal funded programs.” DE 1 at 1. “A document filed pro se is to be liberally construed,
and a pro se complaint, however inartfully pleaded, must be held to less stringent standards than
formal pleadings drafted by lawyers.” Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007) (quotation
marks and citations omitted). Nevertheless, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, the court must
review the merits of a prisoner complaint and dismiss it if the action is frivolous or malicious,
fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seeks monetary relief against a
defendant who is immune from such relief.
Underwood alleges that he was removed from a substance abuse program on September
21, 2012. He alleges that his cell assignment was changed on October 31, 2012, April 1, 2013,
and September 20, 2013. He alleges that he was removed from an education program on March
18, 2014, and July 25, 2014. He alleges that all of these things were done to him in retaliation for
his having exercised his First Amendment rights. Assuming for the sake of argument that he
could have stated a claim based on those events, it is too late to bring any of those claims now.
Indiana’s two-year limitations applies to these claims. Behavioral Inst. of Ind. v. Hobart City of
Common Council, 406 F.3d 926, 929 (7th Cir. 2005). This complaint was not signed until
December 5, 2016. Therefore, these claims are untimely. Although the statute of limitations is an
affirmative defense, dismissal is appropriate where the complaint makes clear that the claims are
time barred. Cancer Foundation, Inc. v. Cerberus Capital Mgmt., 559 F.3d 671, 674 (7th Cir.
Finally, he alleges that in January 2015, he was placed in a Department of Labor
Apprenticeship program rather than an education program. He does not allege by whom or why.
As such this does not state a claim. Though it is unclear why he waited 23 months after that
event to file this complaint, it is clear that it is now too late to file an amended complaint naming
a defendant because “plaintiffs cannot, after the statute of limitations period, name as defendants
individuals that were unidentified at the time of the original pleading.” Jackson v. Kotter, 541
F.3d 688, 696 (7th Cir. 2008).
None of the claims asserted in this complaint are timely and it will be dismissed because
it is frivolous to sue defendants after the statute of limitations has expired. Though it is usually
necessary “to give pro se litigants one opportunity to amend after dismissing a complaint[,] that’s
unnecessary where, as here, it is certain from the face of the complaint that any amendment
would be futile or otherwise unwarranted.” Carpenter v. PNC Bank, Nat. Ass’ n, No. 633 Fed.
Appx. 346, 348 (7th Cir. Feb. 3, 2016) (quotation marks omitted). See Luevano v. Wal-Mart, 722
F.3d 1014 (7th Cir. 2013) and Hukic v. Aurora Loan Servs., 588 F.3d 420, 432 (7th Cir. 2009)
(“[C]ourts have broad discretion to deny leave to amend where . . . the amendment would be
For these reasons, the Court DISMISSES this case pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A
because it is frivolous.
SO ORDERED on February 15, 2017.
s/ Joseph S. Van Bokkelen
JOSEPH S. VAN BOKKELEN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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