Cole v. Superintendent
OPINION AND ORDER: This case is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE pursuant to Section 2254 Habeas Corpus Rule 4 because the claim is unexhausted. A certificate of appealability is DENIED.,***Civil Case Terminated. Signed by Judge Jon E DeGuilio on 6/6/2017. (cc: Cole)(jld)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
SOUTH BEND DIVISION
Case No. 3:17-CV-392 JD
OPINION AND ORDER
Richard Cole, a pro se prisoner, filed a habeas corpus petition attempting to challenge the
revocation of his parole in connection with his 2016 conviction and 357 day sentence for possession
of synthetic drugs by the Jackson County Superior Court under cause number 36D01-1609-CM-886.
However, before the court can consider a habeas corpus petition challenging a State proceeding, the
petitioner must have previously presented his claims to the State courts. “This means that the
petitioner must raise the issue at each and every level in the state court system, including levels at
which review is discretionary rather than mandatory.” Lewis v. Sternes, 390 F.3d 1019, 1025-1026
(7th Cir. 2004).
There are two possible methods for challenging a parole revocation in Indiana: by filing a
post-conviction relief petition, Receveur v. Buss, 919 N.E.2d 1235 (Ind. Ct. App. 2010), or by filing
a State habeas corpus petition if the inmate is seeking immediate release. Lawson v. State, 845
N.E.2d 185, 186 (Ind. Ct. App. 2006). Furthermore, if a state habeas corpus petition is improperly
filed, it will be converted to a post-conviction petition. Hardley v. State, 893 N.E.2d 740, 743 (Ind.
Ct. App. 2008) and Ward v. Ind. Parole Bd., 805 N.E.2d 893 (2004). Here, Cole’s habeas corpus
petition indicates that he has not presented his claims to any State court in any proceeding. ECF 2
at 1, 2. Therefore he has not exhausted his State court remedies and this case must be dismissed
without prejudice so that he can exhaust these claims in the State courts. If, after he has ultimately
presented his claims to the Indiana Supreme Court, he has not yet obtained relief, then he may return
to federal court and file a new habeas corpus petition.
Pursuant to Section 2254 Habeas Corpus Rule 11, the court must consider whether to grant
or deny a certificate of appealability. To obtain a certificate of appealability when the court
dismisses a petition on procedural grounds, the petitioner must show that reasonable jurists would
find it debatable (1) whether the court was correct in its procedural ruling and (2) whether the
petition states a valid claim for denial of a constitutional right. Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484
(2000). As previously explained, the claim presented by Cole is unexhausted. Because there is no
basis for finding that jurists of reason would debate the correctness of this procedural ruling or find
a reason to encourage him to proceed further, a certificate of appealability must be denied.
For the foregoing reasons the court DISMISSES this case WITHOUT PREJUDICE
pursuant to Section 2254 Habeas Corpus Rule 4 because the claim is unexhausted and DENIES a
certificate of appealability pursuant to Section 2254 Habeas Corpus Rule 11.
ENTERED: June 6, 2017
/s/ JON E. DEGUILIO
United States District Court
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