Kadrovach v. Wesford of Indiana LLC et al
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING 15 MOTION to Reconsider to Alter/Amend Judgment Order re 12 Opinion and Order by Plaintiff Robert Kadrovach. Signed by Judge Damon R Leichty on 1/5/2021. (Copy mailed to pro se party)(lhc)
USDC IN/ND case 3:20-cv-00407-DRL-MGG document 16 filed 01/05/21 page 1 of 3
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
SOUTH BEND DIVISION
CAUSE NO. 3:20-CV-407-DRL-MGG
WEXFORD OF INDIANA LLC et al.,
OPINION & ORDER
Robert Kadrovach, a prisoner without a lawyer, filed a complaint against
Wexford of Indiana, LLC, Dr. Noe Marandet, and Dr. Kuenzli for refusing to change the
battery in his defibrillator after it stopped working. According to his complaint, Mr.
Kadrovach arrived at the Miami Correctional Facility on November 2, 2016. At that
time, the battery in his defibrillator was extremely low. By February 2016, it was dead.
Both Dr. Noe Marandet and Dr. Kuenzli refused to change the battery. As a result, he
“died” on May 17, 2017. He was revived, and the battery was changed on June 29, 2017.
Indiana’s two-year limitations period applies to this case. Behavioral Inst. of Ind.,
LLC v. Hobart City of Common Council, 406 F.3d 926, 929 (7th Cir. 2005). Mr. Kadrovach
did not initiate this lawsuit until April 20, 2020. His complaint was dismissed because
his claims are time-barred. The court’s dismissal order noted that, though the statute of
limitations is an affirmative defense, dismissal is appropriate where the complaint
makes clear that the claims are time barred. Cancer Foundation, Inc. v. Cerberus Capital
Management, LP, 559 F.3d 671, 674 (7th Cir. 2009). Here, the court deemed dismissal
appropriate because Mr. Kadrovach brought this lawsuit nearly two years and ten
months after his defibrillator battery was replaced.
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Mr. Kadrovach has now filed a motion to reconsider. ECF 15. Because he filed the
motion within 28 days of the entry of judgment, the court looks to the substance of the
motion to determine whether it should be analyzed under Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 59(e) or 60(b). Obriecht v. Raemisch, 517 F.3d 489, 493-94 (7th Cir. 2008).
“Altering or amending a judgment under Rule 59(e) is permissible when there is newly
discovered evidence or there has been a manifest error of law or fact. Vacating a
judgment under Rule 60(b) is permissible for a variety of reasons including mistake,
excusable neglect, newly discovered evidence, and fraud.” Harrington v. City of Chi., 433
F.3d 542, 546 (7th Cir. 2006) (internal citation omitted).
Mr. Kadrovach argues that the statute of limitations should be tolled consistent
with Indiana Code § 34-11-5-1 because prison staff hindered him from bringing this
suit. Prison staff allegedly withheld property from Mr. Kadrovach and hindered his law
library access. According to Mr. Kadrovach, because he filed this lawsuit in the
Southern District of Indiana, he was required by local rule to use the court’s form.
Between November 16, 2017, and when he filed his complaint, Mr. Kadrovach claims he
was unable to obtain the required form. Indiana Code § 34-11-5-1, however, provides
that: “If a person liable to an action conceals the fact from the knowledge of the person
entitled to bring the action, the action may be brought at any time within the period of
limitation after the discovery of the cause of action.” That is not what Mr. Kadrovach is
alleging. Mr. Kadrovach does not assert that the defendants concealed their failure to
replace the battery in his defibrillator or that he suffered harm because of it. Instead, he
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alleges that prison staff that are not parties to this action prevented him from obtaining
the form he needed to initiate suit in the Southern District of Indiana.
The federal doctrine of equitable tolling provides that “a person is not required
to sue within the statutory period if he cannot in the circumstances reasonably be
expected to do so.” Heck v. Humphrey, 997 F.2d 355, 357 (7th Cir. 1993) (quotation marks
and citation omitted). But Mr. Kadrovach does not outline his efforts to obtain the form
he needed to file in the Southern District of Indiana. Nor does he explain why he did
not file the complaint on an incorrect form (or no form at all) in a timely manner,
explaining to the court that he could not obtain the correct form. And, he offers no
explanation for why he did not file his complaint in the Northern District of Indiana,
where the defendants are located, the alleged wrongdoing occurred, and no special
form is required to file a complaint. His conclusory allegations that he was prevented
from obtaining a complaint form from the prison’s law library for two years and five
months is insufficient to provide a basis to set aside the judgment in this case. Mr.
Kadrovach has not demonstrated that this case was dismissed due to an error of law or
fact, mistake, excusable neglect, newly discovered evidence, or fraud.
For these reasons, the motion to reconsider (ECF 15) is DENIED.
January 5, 2021
s/ Damon R. Leichty
Judge, United States District Court
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