Fair Housing Center of Central Indiana Inc. et al v. Brookfield Farms Homeowners' Association
OPINION AND ORDER: DENYING AS MOOT 19 MOTION Permit Use and Filing of Pre-Litigation Correspondence Between Attorneys by Plaintiffs Fair Housing Center of Central Indiana Inc, Benjamin Hendrickson, Jennifer Hendrickson. Signed by Magistrate Judge John E Martin on 7/6/2015. (lhc)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
NORTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
HAMMOND DIVISION AT LAFAYETTE
FAIR HOUSING CENTER OF CENTRAL
INDIANA, INC., JENNIFER HENDRICKSON,
and BENJAMIN HENDRICKSON,
BROOKFIELD FARMS HOMEOWNERS’
CAUSE NO.: 4:14-CV-58-PPS-JEM
OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on a Plaintiffs’ Motion to Permit Use and Filing of PreLitigation Correspondence between Attorneys [DE 19], filed by Plaintiffs on February 5, 2015.
Defendant filed a response on February 7, 2015, and on March 4, 2015, Plaintiffs filed a reply.
Plaintiffs request that they be permitted to file and rely on pre-litigation correspondence
between lawyers for non-party Wabash Center and for Defendant Brookfield Farms Homeowners’
Association, correspondence that was filed as an attachment to the Complaint. Defendant, who has
not filed a motion to strike, argues that the correspondence should be stricken from the pleadings as
contrary to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
In their Complaint, Plaintiffs allege that Defendant, a homeowners’ association, violated the
Fair Housing Act by refusing to make necessary accommodations to allow the Wabash Center, a
non-profit organization, to purchase a property from Plaintiffs Jennifer and Benjamin Hendrickson
and operate a group home for three unrelated adults with disabilities. Plaintiffs attached to the
Complaint correspondence between Plaintiffs, Defendant, and the Wabash Center laying out the
parties’ respective positions on the proposed group home as it related to Defendant’s covenants and
the Fair Housing Act. In their Answer, Defendant included as an affirmative defense a statement that
the correspondence “should be stricken” as inconsistent with the Standards for Professional Conduct
within the Seventh Federal Judicial Circuit, Rule 30 of the Lawyers’ Duties to Other Counsel.
As an initial matter, the Court notes that there is no pending motion to strike. The arguments
are therefore premature, and the instant Motion does not seek any specific relief that can be granted.
To the extent that Defendant intends its response as a motion to strike, although the Court does not
so construe it, see N.D. Ind. L.R. 7-1(a), the Court will briefly address Defendant’s contentions.
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(f) provides, in relevant part, that “[t]he court may strike
from a pleading . . . any redundant, immaterial, impertinent, or scandalous matter.” Fed. R. Civ. P.
12(f). Since motions to strike are generally disfavored, “a court ordinarily will not strike a matter
unless the court can confidently conclude that the portion of the pleading to which the motion is
addressed is redundant or is both irrelevant to the subject matter of the litigation and prejudicial to
the objecting party.” Fed. Nat’l Mortgage Ass’n v. Cobb, 738 F. Supp. 1220, 1224 (N.D. Ind.1990),
cited in Vician v. Wells Fargo Home Mortg., No. 2:05-CV-144, 2006 WL 694740, *10 (N.D. Ind.
Mar. 16, 2006); see also Heller v. Midwhey Powder Co., 883 F.2d 1286, 1294 (7th Cir. 1989);
Cumis Ins. Soc’y Inc. v. Peters, 983 F. Supp. 787, 798 (N.D. Ill. 1997).
In its affirmative defenses, Defendant asserts that the correspondence violates the Lawyers’
Duties to Other Counsel laid out in the Standards for Professional Conduct within the Seventh
Federal Judicial Circuit. Rule 30 of that section provides, “Unless specifically permitted or invited
by the court, we will not send copies of correspondence between counsel to the court.” The Court
cannot conclude that attaching to the Complaint the communication that identifies the source of the
disagreement between the parties is “sending” copies of counsel correspondence within the meaning
of Rule 30. See, e.g., Loparex, LLC v. MPI Release Technologies, LLC, No. 1:09-CV-01411-JMS,
2012 WL 6094141, at *9 (S.D. Ind. Dec. 7, 2012) (“Defendants did not ‘send’ copies of the letters
and email messages to the Court, but rather attached them as exhibits to a motion which related to
their claim of [plaintiff]’s counsel’s unprofessional conduct. The Court does not believe that the
language or intent of Rule 30 prohibits the  Defendants’ submission of that correspondence in this
context.”). Despite Defendant’s contentions, the correspondence does not form statements in the
context of settlement negotiations, as no suit had been filed or contemplated at the time of the
writing. Likewise, particularly as Defendant admitted the authenticity of the documents in its
Answer, there is no concern that Plaintiffs are ascribing a position to Defendant or Defendant’s
counsel. Nor is there any assumption that the content of attachments is true, although they can be
useful to demonstrate the allegations. See, e.g., N. Ind. Gun & Outdoor Shows, Inc. v. City of S.
Bend, 163 F.3d 449, 455 (7th Cir. 1998) (“Rather than accepting every word in a unilateral writing
by a defendant and attached by a plaintiff to a complaint as true, it is necessary to consider why a
plaintiff attached the documents, who authored the documents, and the reliability of the
documents.”); Core v. Champaign Cnty. Bd. of Cnty. Comm’rs, No. 3:11-CV-166, 2012 WL
3073418, at *3 (S.D. Ohio July 30, 2012) (concluding “that ‘considering’ the attachments [to the
Complaint] does not necessarily mean that all statements set forth therein must be accepted as true”
where “pre-litigation correspondence authored by Defense counsel was attached to the original
complaint simply to evidence the [defendant]’s rejection of Plaintiff s requested accommodations
and to evidence the actual accommodations offered by the [defendant]”). In short, the attachments
are not redundant, irrelevant to the subject matter of the litigation, or prejudicial to Defendant, and
therefore should not be stricken pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(f).
For the foregoing reasons, the Court hereby DENIES as moot the Plaintiffs’ Motion to
Permit Use and Filing of Pre-Litigation Correspondence between Attorneys [DE 19].
SO ORDERED this 6th day of July, 2015.
s/ John E. Martin
MAGISTRATE JUDGE JOHN E. MARTIN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
All counsel of record
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