WYANT v. WAYNE TOWNSHIP FIRE DEPT et al
ORDER denying Plaintiff's 21 Motion for Reconsideration of Dismissal of Sex Harassment Claim (See Order). Signed by Judge Larry J. McKinney on 7/26/2011. (MAC)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
WAYNE TOWNSHIP FIRE DEPT,
ORDER ON PLAINTIFF’S MOTION TO RECONSIDER DISMISSAL OF SEX
Pending before the Court is plaintiff’s, Terrie Wyant (“Plaintiff”), Motion to Reconsider
Dismissal of Sex Harassment Claim (“Motion to Reconsider”) [Dkt. No. 21]. Plaintiff seeks
reconsideration of this Court’s May 3, 2011 Order dismissing her hostile work environment
claim. See dkt. no. 20 at 6–8. The Court has considered the parties’ arguments and
DENIES Plaintiff’s Motion to Reconsider [Dkt. No. 21].
In her complaint filed on January 31, 2011, Plaintiff alleged that defendants, Wayne
Township Fire Department and Wayne Township (collectively, “Defendants”), discriminated
against her because of her gender and subjected her to a hostile work environment during
her employment with the Wayne Township Fire Department. See generally dkt. no. 1. In
support of her hostile work environment claim, Plaintiff’s complaint stated the following:
[Plaintiff] has experienced harassment on the basis of her sex which includes
conduct that had the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with her
work performance and/or has caused an intimidating, hostile, or offensive
working environment. By way of example and not limitation:
[Plaintiff] was placed on a new crew and experienced various
forms of alienation from her coworkers and supervisors;
Defendants placed undue scrutiny and oversight on [Plaintiff]’s
[Plaintiff] received unwarranted discipline, including but not
limited to written discipline for a brake incident in March of
2008, and written discipline, which was ultimately rescinded,
for an incident towards the end of 2009;
[Plaintiff] was removed from her crew and placed in mandatory
remedial training with the promise of reinstatement when
finished. However, upon completion, [Plaintiff] was placed on
a separate crew and a male . . . took over her previous
In January of 2011, Defendants refused to let [Plaintiff] apply
and/or bid for a vacant engineer position; and
Defendants continue to leak information to [Plaintiff]’s
coworkers about personnel changes with respect to [Plaintiff]
before it becomes official . . . .
Defendants have applied their policies in a discriminatory manner based on
Dkt. No. 1 ¶¶ 15, 18; see also generally dkt. no. 21.
In its May 3, 2011 Order, the Court dismissed Plaintiff’s hostile work environment
claim. See generally dkt. no. 20. In doing so, the Court stated, “Although . . . the specific
allegations of Plaintiff’s Complaint . . . are relevant to Plaintiff’s sex discrimination claim in
Count One, these incidents are isolated rather than pervasive and so do not form the basis
for a hostile work environment claim.” Id. at 7.
Plaintiff now seeks reconsideration of the Court’s dismissal of her hostile work
environment claim. Plaintiff argues that the Court impermissibly required Plaintiff to prove
the elements of her prima facie case, which is not required at the notice pleading stage.
Dkt. No. 21 at 5–6.
Plaintiff further contends that the Court made a premature
determination as to whether her allegations were sufficiently severe and pervasive to rise
to the level required for a hostile work environment claim and “ignored . . . facts and/or
trivialized their relevance” in doing so. Id. at 3.
II. LEGAL STANDARD
To prevail on her Motion to Reconsider, Plaintiff must “clearly establish”: (1) that
there has been a manifest error in law or fact; or (2) that newly discovered evidence
precludes entry of judgment. Harrington v. City of Chi., 433 F.3d 542, 546 (7th Cir. 2006)
(quoting Romo v. Gulf Stream Coach, Inc., 250 F.3d 1119, 1122 n.3 (7th Cir. 2001)
(abrogated on other grounds)). Motions for reconsideration do not give a party the
opportunity to rehash old arguments or to present new arguments or evidence “that could
and should have been presented to the district court prior to the judgment.” Moro v. Shell
Oil Co., 91 F.3d 872, 876 (7th Cir. 1996). Instead, a motion for reconsideration is
“valuable” when “the Court has patently misunderstood a party, or has made a decision
outside the adversarial issues presented to the Court by the parties, or has made an error
not of reasoning but of apprehension. A further basis for a motion to reconsider would be
a controlling or significant change in the law or facts since the submission of issue to the
Court.” Bank of Waunakee v. Rochester Cheese Sales, Inc., 906 F.2d 1185, 1191 (7th Cir.
In essence, Plaintiff argues that the Court committed an error of law by
impermissibly applying the standard for a hostile work environment claim at the summary
judgment stage to Defendant’s motion to dismiss, thereby subjecting her claim to a higher
standard than is necessary at this stage of the litigation. See generally dkt. no. 21. The
Court notes that Plaintiff made a nearly identical argument in opposing Defendants’ motion
to dismiss, see generally dkt. no. 17, but will address it more clearly here.
Plaintiff is correct that notice pleading under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
do not require Plaintiff plead all facts necessary to meet the McDonnell Douglas burdenshifting analysis. See Swierkiwicz v. Sorema N.A., 534 U.S. 506, 511 (2002); see also
Swanson v. Citibank, N.A., 614 F.3d 400, 404 (7th Cir. 2010) (upholding Swierkiwicz in light
of Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007), and Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937
However, motion to dismiss analysis is a “context-specific task,” and the
Twombly/Iqbal standard will be applied differently in different types of cases. Iqbal, 129
S.Ct. at 1950; see also Tamayo v. Blagojevich, 526 F.3d 1074, 1083 (7th Cir. 2008). In the
case of hostile work environment claims, the severity and pervasiveness of the allegations
is within the Court’s purview on a motion to dismiss. See, e.g., Strategic Mgmt. Harmony,
LLC v. Enhanced Bus. Reporting Consortium, Inc., No. 4:05-cv-180, 2007 WL 2316484,
at *15 (S.D. Ind. Aug. 10, 2007) (Tinder, J.).
Turning to Plaintiff’s allegations in the complaint, the Court remains convinced that
Plaintiff has not pled sufficiently severe or pervasive conduct for her hostile work
environment claim to survive. By and large, Plaintiff’s allegations involve isolated incidents
such as movement to a different crew, unjustified remedial training, and refusal to allow
Plaintiff to bid for a vacant engineer position. See generally dkt. no. 1 ¶ 15. Isolated
incidents can form the basis of a hostile work environment, but such incidents must be so
severe that their hostility would be easily conceded. See, e.g, Lapka v. Chertoff, 517 F.3d
974, 982–83 (7th Cir. 2010) (plaintiff alleged that she was forcibly raped). There is no
question that Plaintiff’s alleged events can form the basis for a sex discrimination claim and,
indeed, could possibility substantiate a retaliation claim had Plaintiff made one. However,
these incidents do not show that Plaintiff’s workplace “is permeated with discriminatory,
intimidation, ridicule or insult . . . sufficiently severe or pervasive to alter the conditions of
[her] employment and create an abusive working environment.” Harris v. Forklift Sys., Inc.,
510 U.S. 17, 21 (1993).
In short, the Court concludes that there is no “manifest error of law or fact” in its May
3, 2011 Order dismissing Plaintiff’s hostile work environment claim. The Court, therefore,
declines to reconsider its previous conclusion.
For the reasons set forth herein, Plaintiff’s Motion to Reconsider [dkt. no. 21] is
IT IS SO ORDERED this 26th day of July 2011.
LARRY J. McKINNEY, JUDGE
United States District Court
Southern District of Indiana
David L. Ferguson
FERGUSON & FERGUSON
John H. Haskin
HASKIN & LARUE
S. Craig Jackson Jr.
FERGUSON & FERGUSON
Ryan Patrick Sink
JOHN H. HASKIN & ASSOCIATES
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