YOUNG v. USA
ORDER denying Petitioner's 16 Motion to Alter or Amend the Judgment analyzed under Rule 59(e). (See Order). Copy to Petitioner via U.S. Mail. Signed by Judge William T. Lawrence on 9/18/2017. (MAC)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
KERRY D. YOUNG,
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Entry Denying Motion to Alter or Amend the Judgment
The Court entered Final Judgment in this action on August 23, 2017, ruling that the
petitioner’s Johnson claim lacked merit and that his Dean and Mathis claims were not properly
before the Court. Presently before the Court is the petitioner’s Motion to Correct error in which
he asks the Court to reconsider that decision. Notably, the petitioner did not file a reply to the
respondent’s response to his § 2255 motion, so the petitioner seeks to utilize this Rule 59 motion
as a substitute for his failure to reply. Nevertheless, given its substance, this motion shall be treated
as a Rule 59(e) motion. See Obriecht v. Raemisch, 517 F.3d 489, 493-94 (7th Cir. 2008)
(“[W]hether a motion . . . should be analyzed under Rule 59(e) or Rule 60(b) depends on the
substance of the motion, not on the timing or label affixed to it.”).
The purpose of a motion to alter or amend judgment under Rule 59(e) is to have the Court
reconsider matters “properly encompassed in a decision on the merits.” Osterneck v. Ernst and
Whinney, 489 U.S. 169, 174 (1988). To receive relief under Rule 59(e), the moving party “must
clearly establish (1) that the court committed a manifest error of law or fact, or (2) that newly
discovered evidence precluded entry of judgment.” Edgewood Manor Apartment Homes, LLC v.
RSUI Indem. Co., 733 F.3d 761, 770 (7th Cir. 2013). A “manifest error” means “wholesale
disregard, misapplication, or failure to recognize controlling precedent.” Oto v. Metropolitan Life
Ins. Co., 224 F.3d 601, 606 (7th Cir. 2000). Relief through a Rule 59(e) motion for reconsideration
is an “extraordinary remed[y] reserved for the exceptional case.” Foster v. DeLuca, 545 F.3d 582,
584 (7th Cir. 2008).
The petitioner has failed to establish that the Court made a manifest error of law and does
not contend that there is any newly discovered evidence. As to the petitioner’s Johnson claim, the
Court rejected it on two grounds that remain sound. First, the Court noted that the petitioner was
not sentenced pursuant to the career offender provision of the United States Sentencing Guidelines,
but was instead sentenced pursuant to the Plea Agreement. Second, even if the career offender
provisions impacted the petitioner’s sentence, the Supreme Court in Beckles v. United States, 137
S. Ct. 886 (2017), held that the Sentencing Guidelines are not subject to vagueness challenges
under the Due Process Clause, which means that Johnson does not apply to claims like the
Nor did the Court make a manifest error of law as to the petitioner’s claims raised pursuant
to Dean v. United States, 137 S. Ct. 1170 (2017), and Mathis v. United States, 136 S. Ct. 2243
(2016). The Court explained:
the Seventh Circuit only authorized the petitioner to raise a Johnson claim in his
successive § 2255 motion. See No. 1:09-cr-00081-WTL-KPF-1, Dkt. 39 at 1 (“[W]e
. . . AUTHORIZE the district court to consider the Johnson claim, along with the
government’s defenses.”). The petitioner cannot raise non-Johnson claims, such as
those under Dean and Mathis, without first receiving authorization from the
Seventh Circuit. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A); see also Holt v. United States, 843
F.3d 720, 722-23 (7th Cir. 2016). Because he has not done so, this Court may not
consider those claims.
Dkt. 14 at 2-3. The petitioner argues that his Dean and Mathis claims should not be considered
part of a second or successive § 2255 motion because they were unavailable at the time of his first
§ 2255 motion, and thus not subject to the authorization process of § 2244(b)(3)(A). Dkt. 16 at 7-
8 (citing United States v. Obeid, 707 F.3d 898, 903-04 (7th Cir. 2012)). But Obeid holds that
second-in-time § 2255 motions are not considered second or successive when the “factual
predicate that gives rise to the claim has not yet occurred.” Id. at 902 (emphasis added); see
Flores-Ramirez v. Foster, 811 F.3d 861, 865 (7th Cir. 2016). Here, the petitioner’s Dean and
Mathis claims were not unavailable to him in the sense that the factual predicate for them recently
occurred, but they were unavailable in that the legal predicate—Dean and Mathis—did. The
holding of Obeid does not cover the latter situation. If it did, § 2255 motions raising Johnson
claims would not be considered second or successive and thus would not require authorization,
which is of course not the case. See, e.g., Holt, 743 F.3d at 722-23. Therefore, the Court did not
make a manifest error of law in concluding that the petitioner’s Dean and Mathis claims required
authorization from the Seventh Circuit.
For these reasons, the petitioner’s Rule 59(e) motion, Dkt. No. 16, is denied.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Hon. William T. Lawrence, Judge
United States District Court
Southern District of Indiana
KERRY D. YOUNG
MILAN - FCI
MILAN FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION
P.O. BOX 1000
MILAN, MI 48160
Electronically registered counsel
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