TORRES v. KNIGHT
Entry Denying Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus and Directing Entry of Final Judgment. **See Entry** (Copy to Petitioner via U.S. Mail) Signed by Judge William T. Lawrence on 4/14/2017.(JC)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
Case No. 1:16-cv-02734-WTL-TAB
Entry Denying Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus
and Directing Entry of Final Judgment
The petition of Rafael Torres for a writ of habeas corpus challenges a prison disciplinary
proceeding, IYC 16-04-0009, in which he was found guilty of unauthorized possession of
personal information. For the reasons explained in this entry, Mr. Torres’ habeas petition must be
Prisoners in Indiana custody may not be deprived of credit time, Cochran v. Buss, 381
F.3d 637, 639 (7th Cir. 2004), or of credit-earning class, Montgomery v. Anderson, 262 F.3d 641,
644-45 (7th Cir. 2001), without due process. The due process requirement is satisfied with the
issuance of advance written notice of the charges, a limited opportunity to present evidence to an
impartial decision maker, a written statement articulating the reasons for the disciplinary action
and the evidence justifying it, and “some evidence in the record” to support the finding of guilt.
Superintendent, Mass. Corr. Inst. v. Hill, 472 U.S. 445, 454 (1985); Wolff v. McDonnell, 418
U.S. 539, 570-71 (1974); Jones v. Cross, 637 F.3d 841, 845 (7th Cir. 2011); Piggie v. Cotton,
344 F.3d 674, 677 (7th Cir. 2003); Webb v. Anderson, 224 F.3d 649, 652 (7th Cir. 2000).
II. The Disciplinary Proceeding
On March 25, 2016, Investigator Prulhiere issued a Report of Conduct charging Mr.
Torres with unauthorized possession of personal information in violation of Code B-247. The
Report of Conduct states:
Use of a Global Tel Link phone pin number or a J-Pay password by another
offender who is not the owner of the pin number or password, is considered
unauthorized possession or use of property of value belonging to another
offender. Any offender who provides their personal Global Tel Link phone pin
number or J-Pay password information to another offender, or allows another
offender to use those assets under his user credentials, is in violation and is
considered to be aiding in unauthorized possession of property of value belonging
to another offender. Failure by the owner to protect the security of their
credentials is in violation and is considered to be aiding in unauthorized
possession of property of value belonging to another offender. Failure by the
owner to protect the security of their credentials is not a defense in conduct
violations. The below information shows a detected violation of these standards
and lists the system affected, the area, date and time of the detection as well as the
asset owner and unauthorized user information:
System Used in violation: Global Tel Link
Date of Offense: March 19, 2016
Date of Discovery: March 25, 2016
Time of Offense: approx 2:28 pm
Name and DOC of Offender who used unauthorized PIN or Password: Rafael
Account Name/Account Number or Phone Number: 209-451-6596
Area of Offense: K2 Rec Room, phone IHUK-2
Owning Offender Name and DOC: Kenneth Kilpatrick 146840
Verifications of the identity of the violators for this charge is provided in the
evidence listed below:
Disposition of Physical Evidence, if any: Photo of Offender using phone at the
noted time on the recorded phone call. (Confidential)
The Report of Conduct was based on an Internal Affairs (“IA”) investigation, a
photograph of Mr. Torres on the phone at the corresponding time to the use of the other
offender’s number, and audio recordings of his calls using the number. Dkt. Nos. 11 and 12, Ex
Parte. Mr. Torres was notified of the charge on April 6, 2016, when he was served with the
Report of Conduct and the Notice of Disciplinary Hearing (Screening Report). The Screening
Officer noted that Mr. Torres did not request any witness statements but that he requested as
evidence the IA case file. Dkt. 9-2.
The Hearing Officer conducted a disciplinary hearing on April 8, 2016. Dkt. 9-4. The
Hearing Officer noted Mr. Torres’ statement, “There were no numbers included in the conduct
[report]. Nobody specified which numbers or pin numbers were used. The evidence I requested
was not present.” Dkt. 9-4, p. 1. Mr. Torres also submitted a longer statement. Dkt. 9-4, p. 2.
Relying on the staff reports, the statement of the offender, and the IA case file, the Hearing
Officer concluded that Mr. Torres had violated Code B-247. Dkt. 9-4. The sanctions imposed
included 30 days of lost phone, commissary, and JPay privileges, 90 days of disciplinary
segregation, and the deprivation of 90 days of earned credit time. Id. The Hearing Officer
imposed the sanctions based on the seriousness, frequency and nature of the offense, the degree
to which the violation disrupted or endangered the security of the facility, and the likelihood of
the sanction having a corrective effect on the offender’s future behavior. Id.
Mr. Torres’ appeals were denied. This habeas action followed.
Mr. Torres argues that his due process rights were violated during the disciplinary
proceeding. His claims are: 1) he was denied evidence; and 2) there was insufficient evidence to
support the guilty finding.
Mr. Torres argues that he was denied evidence consisting of the four digit PIN number
that he allegedly possessed. This assertion is the basis of both of his claims. The Screening
Report does not reflect that Mr. Torres requested the PIN numbers. He alleges in his petition that
he “requested that evidence pertaining to the allege (sic) charge be provided to show how a
violation of said charge has been effaced (sic).” Petition, dkt. 1, at p. 3. He further alleges that
“this requested evidence is in fact the four (4) digit PIN number that was never established by the
author of the Report of Conduct to have ever been in petitioner’s possession.” Id.
Mr. Torres does not unequivocally state that he requested the PIN number. Even
assuming that he did, however, he has not demonstrated how he was prejudiced by the alleged
omission. The time and date of the offense, the area of the prison, the other inmate’s name, and
the phone number called are specific enough to provide a basis for any relevant defense. While
prison officials must disclose exculpatory evidence to allow an inmate to present his best
defense, here Mr. Torres does not allege that the identification of a specific PIN number would
have been exculpatory. Accordingly, any alleged error is harmless. See Jones v. Cross, 637 F.3d
841, 846-47 (7th Cir.2011) (absent prejudice, any alleged due process error is harmless error).
Mr. Torres next argues that denying him disclosure of a specific PIN number rendered
the charge unsupported by sufficient evidence. This claim is meritless. “[A] hearing officer’s
decision need only rest on ‘some evidence’ logically supporting it and demonstrating that the
result is not arbitrary.” Ellison v. Zatecky, 820 F.3d 271, 274 (7th Cir. 2016). The “some
evidence” evidentiary standard in this type of case is much more lenient than “beyond a
reasonable doubt” or even “by a preponderance.” See Moffat v. Broyles, 288 F.3d 978, 981 (7th
Cir. 2002) (hearing officer in prison disciplinary case “need not show culpability beyond a
reasonable doubt or credit exculpatory evidence.”); McPherson v. McBride, 188 F.3d 784, 786
(7th Cir. 1999) (“In reviewing a decision for ‘some evidence,’ courts are not required to conduct
an examination of the entire record, independently assess witness credibility, or weigh the
evidence, but only determine whether the prison disciplinary board’s decision to revoke good
time credits has some factual basis.”) (internal quotation omitted). “[T]he relevant question is
whether there is any evidence in the record that could support the conclusion reached by the
disciplinary board.” Hill, 472 U.S. at 455-56. The specific details of the offense contained in the
Report of Conduct and IA case file fully support the Hearing Officer’s decision.
Mr. Torres was given proper notice and had an opportunity to defend the charge. The
hearing officer provided a written statement of the reasons for the finding of guilt and described
the evidence that was considered. There was sufficient evidence in the record to support the
finding of guilt. Under these circumstances, there were no violations of Mr. Torres’ due process
“The touchstone of due process is protection of the individual against arbitrary action of
the government.” Wolff, 418 U.S. at 558. There was no arbitrary action in any aspect of the
charge, disciplinary proceedings, or sanctions involved in the events identified in this action, and
there was no constitutional infirmity in the proceedings. Accordingly, Mr. Torres’ petition for a
writ of habeas corpus must be denied and the action dismissed. Judgment consistent with this
Entry shall now issue.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Hon. William T. Lawrence, Judge
United States District Court
Southern District of Indiana
Electronically registered counsel
RAFAEL TORRES, #144059
MIAMI CORRECTIONAL FACILITY
3038 West 850 South
BUNKER HILL, IN 46914
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