WESTBROOK v. BRIDGES COMMUNITY SERVICES et al
ORDER denying 32 Motion for an Interlocutory Appeal. The Court DENIES Westbrook's objection and appeal of the order denying the appointment of counsel. Signed by Judge Tanya Walton Pratt on 8/15/2017 (dist made) (CBU)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
CURTIS L. WESTBROOK,
BRIDGES COMMUNITY SERVICES,
Case No. 1:16-cv-02913-TWP-DML
ORDER ON PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR INTERLOCUTORY APPEAL
This matter is before the Court on pro se Plaintiff Curtis Westbrook’s (“Westbrook”)
Motion for Interlocutory Appeal (Filing No. 32), challenging the Magistrate Judge’s denial of his
Motion for Appointment of Counsel (Filing No. 31). The proper method by which to challenge a
non-dispositive order is by filing an objection or appeal of the Magistrate Judge’s decision under
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(a). Because Westbrook proceeds pro se, the Court liberally
construes his motion and the filing is treated as a timely objection to the Magistrate Judge’s order,
as opposed to a motion for interlocutory appeal. See, e.g., Alvarado v. Litscher, 267 F.3d 648, 651
(7th Cir. 2001). For the reasons below, the Court denies Westbrook’s appeal of the Magistrate
After this Court granted his motion to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to 26 U.S.C.
§ 1915(e)(1) (Filing No. 5), Westbrook moved for appointment of pro bono counsel (Filing No.
28). In determining whether to recruit pro bono counsel, the Court is to consider two factors:
whether (1) the indigent plaintiff made a reasonable attempt to obtain counsel, and (2) “given the
difficulty of the case,” the plaintiff appears competent to litigate his claims. Pruitt v. Mote, 503
F.3d 647, 654. It is the well-established duty of the trial court to ensure that the claims of a pro se
litigant are given a fair and meaningful consideration. Donald v. Cook County Sheriff's Dep't,
supra, 95 F.3d at 555 (quoting Palmer v. City of Decatur, 814 F.2d 426, 428–29 (7th Cir.1987).
The Magistrate Judge considered and then denied Westbrook’s motion (Filing No. 31).
In considering Westbrook’s request, the Magistrate Judge accepted that he made a
reasonable attempt to retain counsel. (Filing No. 31 at 2.) The Magistrate Judge then concluded
that Westbrook was competent to litigate the case on his own, given that, in the Court’s experience,
he is “intelligent, capable of participating in discovery, and capable of presenting facts and
arguments to the court in a logical manner.” Id. The Magistrate Judge noted that Westbrook has
litigated several cases on a pro se basis, including cases involving the same subject matter as the
present one. Id. The Magistrate Judge also considered the fact that Westbrook failed to participate
in a pretrial conference, as ordered, as well as the fact that in another case in which counsel has
been appointed, Westbrook has mistreated court staff. Id. Under those circumstances, the
Magistrate Judge concluded, the Court was less willing to ask counsel to represent Westbrook free
of charge. Id.
A district court may refer for decision a non-dispositive pretrial motion to a magistrate
judge under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(a). Rule 72(a) provides:
When a pretrial matter not dispositive of a party’s claim or defense is referred to a
magistrate judge to hear and decide, the magistrate judge must promptly conduct
the required proceedings and, when appropriate, issue a written order stating the
decision. A party may serve and file objections to the order within 14 days after
being served with a copy. A party may not assign as error a defect in the order not
timely objected to. The district judge in the case must consider timely objections
and modify or set aside any part of the order that is clearly erroneous or is contrary
Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a). After reviewing objections to a magistrate judge’s order, the district court
will modify or set aside the order only if it is clearly erroneous or contrary to law. The clear error
standard is highly deferential, permitting reversal only when the district court “is left with the
definite and firm conviction that a mistake has been made.” Weeks v. Samsung Heavy Indus. Co.,
Ltd., 126 F.3d 926, 943 (7th Cir. 1997).
In his Motion, Westbrook challenges the Magistrate Judge’s reference to Westbrook’s
behavior in another case, being litigated in front of another judge. (Filing No. 32 at 2.) He also
asserts that he has lost the cases in which he has appeared pro se, which provides evidence of the
fact that he is unable to represent himself effectively. Id at 3. However, Westbrook has not
demonstrated any error of law or fact in the Magistrate Judge’s denial of his Motion for
Appointment of Counsel. First, Westbrook has pointed to no specific aspects of his case,
underlying facts, applicable law, or lack of capacity that demonstrate that the difficulty of the case
requires the appointment of counsel. Even accepting Westbrook’s allegation as true that he has
lost all of the cases that he has litigated pro se, the Court cannot conclude from that bare assertion
that Westbrook is therefore incapable of representing himself in this matter. Based on the current
record, the Court determines that Westbrook is presently capable of self-representation. Should
future events (such as settlement conference or trial) prove him less capable, Westbrook may
always renew his motion for assistance in recruiting counsel.
Secondly, Westbrook cites no authority in support of his contention that the Magistrate
Judge erred in considering Westbrook’s behavior toward court staff. The Court notes that in
response to a show-cause order issued previously in this case, Westbrook himself references the
other case he is currently litigating in front of this Court. (Filing No. 30 at 1.) The decision to
appoint counsel is discretionary and there is no constitutional or statutory right to counsel in a civil
proceeding. Pruitt at 654. Fair and meaningful consideration was given to Westbrook’s requests
and he has demonstrated no error in the Magistrate Judge’s order.
For these reasons, the Court DENIES Westbrook’s objection and appeal of the order
denying the appointment of counsel (Filing No. 32).
Curtis L. Westbrook
1113 East 6th Street
Muncie, Indiana 47302
Samuel J Beasley
DENNIS WENGER & ABRELL
Theodore J. Blanford
HUME SMITH GEDDES GREEN & SIMMONS
Christopher Douglas Cody
HUME SMITH GEDDES GREEN & SIMMONS
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