DANIELS v. KNIGHT
Entry and Order Dismissing Action - In short, because the custodial disciplinary sanctions at issue in this case were vacated, this action is now moot. The respondent's motion to dismiss 10 is granted. Judgment consistent with this Entry shall now issue. SEE ORDER. Copy sent to Plaintiff via US Mail. Signed by Judge Jane Magnus-Stinson on 4/19/2017. (JRB)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
Entry and Order Dismissing Action
Ramar Daniels seeks a writ of habeas corpus with respect to a prison disciplinary
proceeding identified as No. CIC 16-09-0008. In the course of this action, the Indiana
Department of Correction (“IDOC”) reviewed the disciplinary case and decided to dismiss the
guilty verdict and rescind the sanctions including the loss of earned credit time loss. The
respondent argues that because the conviction and custodial sanctions challenged in this case
have been vacated and completely dismissed, this action is now moot and must be dismissed.
Daniels opposes the motion to dismiss arguing that he is still in segregation on the charges at
issue, that the final reviewing authority was not permitted by policy to hold a rehearing, that the
rehearing will affect his possible release date and that the evidence at the rehearing was
inconsistent with the evidence in the hearing at issue in this case.
A case becomes moot, and the federal courts lose subject matter jurisdiction, when a
justiciable controversy ceases to exist between the parties. See Church of Scientology of Cal. v.
United States, 506 U.S. 9, 12 (1992) (“if an event occurs while a case is pending . . . that makes
it impossible for the court to grant ‘any effectual relief whatever’ to a prevailing party, the [case]
must be dismissed.”)(quoting Mills v. Green, 159 U.S. 651, 653 (1895)); Honig v. Doe, 484 U.S.
305, 317 (1988) (grounding mootness doctrine in the Constitution’s Article III requirement that
courts adjudicate only “actual, ongoing cases or controversies”).
Here, it is undisputed that the disciplinary sanctions at issue in Case No. CIC 16-09-0008
were vacated. There is therefore no case or controversy to resolve in this challenge to that
disciplinary proceeding and this action is moot. The fact that Daniels remained in segregation
pursuant to that disciplinary action does not change this result because a sanction which does not
affect the duration of a petitioner’s custody cannot be challenged in an action for habeas corpus
relief. Montgomery v. Anderson, 262 F.3d 641, 644-45 (7th Cir. 2001). Next, whether or not the
rehearing of these charges violated IDOC policy does not change the fact that the action was
rendered moot when the custodial sanctions were vacated. In addition, violations of state law of
prison policy due not violate due process. See Keller v. Donahue, 2008 WL 822255, 271
Fed.Appx. 531, 532 (7th Cir. Mar. 27, 2008) (in a habeas action, an inmate “has no cognizable
claim arising from the prison’s application of its regulations.”); Hester v. McBride, 966 F. Supp.
765, 774-75 (N.D.Ind. 1997) (violations of the Indiana Adult Disciplinary Policy Procedures do
not state a claim for federal habeas relief). Further, an agency, such as the IDOC, has inherent
authority to reconsider its decisions. See Powell v. Leonard, No. 2:09-cv-292-WTL-TAB, 2009
WL 4639796, at *2 (S.D. Ind. Dec. 1, 2009) (rejecting prisoner’s complaint that the IDOC could
not order a rehearing after prisoner had filed a habeas petition) (citing Macktal v. Chao, 286 F.3d
822, 825 (5th Cir. 2002));
Daniels also argues that the rehearing has extended the time he must be conduct-free
before getting into a program in which he might earn additional credit time. But an Indiana
prisoner does not have a liberty interest in credit that he might earn in the future but has not yet
earned. See Zimmerman v. Tribble, 226 F.3d 568, 571-72 (7th Cir. 2000); Higgason v. Farley, 83
F.3d 807, 809–10 (7th Cir. 1996) (per curiam); see also Hadley v. Holmes, 341 F.3d 661, 665
(7th Cir. 2003) (per curiam) (explaining that inmate had no liberty interest in prospective credit
that was within the discretionary control of prison officials).
Finally Daniels’s challenges to the adequacy of the proceeding on rehearing must be
brought in his administrative appeals from those new proceedings and, if applicable, in a new
habeas petition filed after he exhausts his administrative appeals on those proceedings. See, e.g.,
Markham v. Clark, 978 F.2d 993, 995–96 (7th Cir. 1992). The disciplinary proceedings that took
place on rehearing are separate from the disciplinary action in this case, which remains vacated.
In short, because the custodial disciplinary sanctions at issue in this case were vacated,
this action is now moot. The respondent’s motion to dismiss Dkt.  is granted. Judgment
consistent with this Entry shall now issue.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Aaron T. Craft
INDIANA ATTORNEY GENERAL
PENDLETON - CIF
CORRECTIONAL INDUSTRIAL FACILITY
5124 West Reformatory Road
PENDLETON, IN 46064
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