PASCHALL v. VELASQUEZ et al
ENTRY Screening Complaint, Dismissing Insufficient Claims and Directing Further Proceedings - The dismissal of the complaint will not in this instance lead to the dismissal of the action at present. Instead, the plaintiffs shall have through June 12, 2017, in which to file an amended complaint. (See Entry.) Copy to Plaintiff via U.S. Mail. Signed by Judge Tanya Walton Pratt on 5/11/2017.(JLS)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
VELASQUEZ, Classification Committee
Supervisor, HUNT, Unit Team Manager,
HILSON, Substance Abuse Counselor,
RITCHIE, Assistant Superintendent of Programs.
) Case No. 1:17-cv-0999-TWP-DML
Entry Screening Complaint, Dismissing Insufficient Claims
and Directing Further Proceedings
I. Screening Language
Because the Plaintiff Terrence Paschall, is a “prisoner” as defined by 28 U.S.C. § 1915(h),
his complaint is subject to the screening requirement of 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b). Pursuant to this
statute, “[a] complaint is subject to dismissal for failure to state a claim if the allegations, taken as
true, show that plaintiff is not entitled to relief.” Jones v. Bock, 127 S. Ct. 910, 921 (2007). To
survive a motion to dismiss, the complaint “must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as
true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face. . . . A claim has facial plausibility when
the plaintiff pleads factual content that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the
defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 129 S.Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009)
(quotations omitted). Pro se complaints such as that filed by Mr. Paschall, are construed liberally
and held to a less stringent standard than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers. Erickson, 551 U.S.
at 94; Obriecht v. Raemisch, 517 F.3d 489, 491 n.2 (7th Cir. 2008).
Mr. Paschall’s federal claim is brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. A cause of action is
provided by 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against “[e]very person who, under color of any statute, ordinance,
regulation, custom, or usage, of any State or Territory, . . . subjects, or causes to be subjected, any
citizen of the United States or other person within the jurisdiction thereof to the deprivation of any
rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws” of the United States.
Section 1983 is not itself a source of substantive rights; instead, it is a means for vindicating federal
rights conferred elsewhere. Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S. 386, 393-94 (1989) (citing Baker v.
McCollan, 443 U.S. 137, 144 n.3 (1979)). The initial step in any § 1983 analysis is to identify the
specific constitutional right which was allegedly violated. Id. at 394; Kernats v. O’Sullivan, 35
F.3d 1171, 1175 (7th Cir. 1994); see also Gossmeyer v. McDonald, 128 F.3d 481, 489-90 (7th Cir.
Mr. Paschall alleges that he was removed from the Therapeutic Community (“T.C.”) prison
program because he took his medication back to his dorm rather than ingesting his medication at
the medical window. As a result, he also was removed from his prison job. He alleges his
termination from his job is a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth
II. Insufficient Claims
Mr. Paschall alleges a violation of his rights under the Equal Protection Clause. “A person
bringing an action under the Equal Protection Clause must show intentional discrimination against
him because of his membership in a particular class, not merely that he was treated unfairly as an
individual.” Herro v. City of Milwaukee, 44 F.3d 550, 552 (7th Cir. 1995) (internal quotation
omitted). Mr. Paschall does not allege any facts that he was a member of a particular class and was
discrimination against because of his membership in that class. Mr. Paschall’s Equal Protection
Claim is dismissed for failure to state a claim.
Additionally, to the extent Mr. Paschall alleges in this action that his removal from the T.C.
program and subsequent job loss violated his rights under the constitution, this claim also fails.
Such a claim implicates a classification change. Mr. Paschall had no due process to be in the T.C.
program. Lucien v. DeTella, 141 F.3d 773, 774 (7th Cir. 1998) (“Classifications of inmates
implicate neither liberty nor property interests . . . .”) (citing Sandin v. Conner, 515 U.S. 472,
484 (1995)). Accordingly, there is no viable due process claim asserted in his complaint. See
Wilkinson v. Austin, 545 U.S. 209, 221 (2005)(“[T]he Constitution itself does not give rise to a
liberty interest in avoiding transfer to more adverse conditions of confinement.”). The claims
against the defendants are dismissed for failure to state a claim.
Because the Court has been unable to identify a viable claim for relief against any particular
defendant, the complaint is subject to dismissal.
III. Further Proceedings
The dismissal of the complaint will not in this instance lead to the dismissal of the action
at present. Instead, the plaintiffs shall have through June 12, 2017, in which to file an amended
In filing an amended complaint, the plaintiff shall conform to the following guidelines: (a)
the amended complaint shall comply with the requirement of Rule 8(a)(2) of the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure that pleadings contain “a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the
pleader is entitled to relief. . . . ,” which is sufficient to provide the defendant with “fair notice” of
the claim and its basis. Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 93 (2007) (per curiam) (citing Bell Atl.
Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007) and quoting Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2)); (b) the amended
complaint must include a demand for the relief sought; (c) the amended complaint must identify
what legal injury they claim to have suffered and what persons are responsible for each such legal
injury; and (d) the amended complaint must include the case number referenced in the caption of
this Entry. The plaintiff is further notified that “[u]nrelated claims against different defendants
belong in different suits.” George v. Smith, 507 F.3d 605, 607 (7th Cir. 2007).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
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