FLENOID v. DANIELS
Entry Dismissing Action and Directing Entry of Final Judgment - Flenoid's petition for writ of habeas corpus shows on its face that he is not entitled to the relief he seeks and that petition is denied. The denial of the habeas petition requi res that the other pending motions ( 8 and 9 ), bearing on preliminary matters, also be denied. Judgment consistent with this Entry shall now issue. (See Entry) Signed by Judge William T. Lawrence on 1/7/2016. Copy sent to Petitioner via US Mail. (GSO)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF INDIANA
TERRE HAUTE DIVISION
Entry Dismissing Action and Directing Entry of Final Judgment
“Federal courts are authorized to dismiss summarily any habeas petition that appears
legally insufficient on its face.” McFarland v. Scott, 512 U.S. 849, 856 (1994). For the reasons
stated below, this is an appropriate case for summary dismissal because the petition of Larry
Flenoid shows on its face that he is not entitled to the relief he seeks.
Flenoid is confined in this District serving the executed portion of sentences imposed by
the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri after being found guilty by a
jury of being a felon in possession of a firearm and escape. Flenoid was sentenced to life in prison
for being a felon in possession and five years for escape, to run concurrent. See United States v.
Flenoid, 415 F.3d 974 (8th Cir. 2005).
In its Entry of November 23, 2015, the court noted that Flenoid’s habeas claim is that the
Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”) has been improperly collecting a monthly payment toward the
restitution obligation imposed as part of his sentence. Flenoid seeks an adjudication that the BOP’s
action in doing so is illegal.
The IFRP is meant to “encourage[ ] each sentenced inmate to meet his or her legitimate
financial obligations.” 28 C.F.R. § 545.10. Those financial obligations generally consist of a fine,
an order for restitution, and/or a special assessment imposed as part of a criminal judgment. Under
the IFRP, prison staff “shall help th[e] inmate develop a financial plan and shall monitor the
inmate's progress in meeting” his obligations. 28 C.F.R. § 545.11. Thus, the goal of the IFRP is to
achieve compliance with a provision of each convict's criminal judgment—namely the timely
payment of whatever sum the court has ordered him to pay. McGee v. Martinez, 627 F.3d 933, 936
(3d Cir. 2010).
Case upon case make this point: “The IFRP can be an important part of a prisoner's efforts
toward rehabilitation, but strictly speaking, participation in the program is voluntary[;] . . . an
inmate in the Bureau of Prisons' custody may lose certain privileges by not participating in the
IFRP, but the inmate's participation cannot be compelled.” United States v. Boyd, 608 F.3d 331,
334 (7th Cir. 2010). The Bureau of Prisons lacks the power to compel participation in the IFRP.
Administrators may establish a payment schedule, but a prisoner may choose instead to bear the
consequences of not participating. See 28 C.F.R. § 545.11(d); United States v. Lemoine, 546 F.3d
1042, 1046 (9th Cir. 2008). Flenoid presents no allegation suggesting that his participation in the
IFRP has been compelled by the BOP.
Flenoid has explained his view of how the habeas challenge can be considered proper. He
contends that the BOP lacks jurisdiction to implement a method of payment of the fine which was
imposed as part of his criminal sentence. By implementing the judgment in a manner not
authorized, Flenoid reasons that the BOP has created an “intervening judgment.” Armed with an
intervening judgment, Flenoid believes that he can challenge the original judgment.
“[A]n argument that depends on calling a duck a donkey is not much of an argument.”
Gilbert v. United States, 640 F.3d 1293, 1320 (11th Cir. 2011), cert. denied, 132 S. Ct. 1001
(2012). Flenoid’s “intervening judgment” theory is such an argument--a complete fabrication.
PACER records show that there has been but a single judgment issued in the prosecution. The
BOP does not have authority to revise judgments and Flenoid does not suggest that the BOP has
explicitly attempted to do so.
Flenoid’s habeas petition does not sensibly seek relief which would alter the fact or the
anticipated duration of his incarceration. Flenoid’s habeas petition challenging the manner in
which the IFRP is being applied to the collect the fine imposed as part of his sentence does not
render that collection action unlawful in any fashion. United States v. Sawyer, 521 F.3d 792, 796
(7th Cir. 2008)(“leaving payment during imprisonment to the Inmate Financial Responsibility
Program is not an error at all, let alone a plain error. The statute requires the judge to set a schedule
if the defendant cannot pay in full at once, see 18 U.S.C. § 3664(f)(2), but it does not say when the
schedule must begin. We hold today that it need not, and as a rule should not, begin until after the
defendant's release from prison. Payments until release should be handled through the Inmate
Financial Responsibility Program rather than the court's auspices”)(emphasis added). See also
Jordan v. Holt, 488 F. App'x 587, 588 (3d Cir. 2012)(“as we have already pointed out, participation
in the IFRP is voluntary. The BOP only ‘implements’ the IFRP after a prisoner has chosen to
participate in it. Jordan cannot be heard to complain about the ‘unlawful action of scheduling [his]
restitution payments’ after he elected participation in the IFRP.”); ‘unlawful action of scheduling
[his] restitution payments' after he elected participation in it.”); Duronio v. Werlinger, 454 F. App'x
71, 73-74 (3d Cir. 2011) (affirming denial of habeas petition where petitioner alleged BOP
unlawfully modified restitution schedule by finding that petitioner's voluntary participation in the
IFRP is determinative as it provides the BOP the authority to collect restitution funds).
Flenoid’s petition for writ of habeas corpus shows on its face that he is not entitled to the
relief he seeks and that petition is denied. The denial of the habeas petition requires that the other
pending motions, bearing on preliminary matters, [dkt 8 and dkt 9] also be denied.
Judgment consistent with this Entry shall now issue.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Hon. William T. Lawrence, Judge
United States District Court
Southern District of Indiana
LARRY FLENOID #18797-044
TERRE HAUTE U.S. PENITENTIARY
P.O. BOX 33
TERRE HAUTE, IN 47808
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