Cedar Rapids Lodge & Suites, LLC et al v. JFS Development, Inc. et al
ORDER granting 199 Motion for Default Judgment as to JFS Development, Inc. The Clerk of Court is directed to enter judgment in favor of CRLS and against JFS in the amount of $978.891.39. Signed by Chief Judge Linda R Reade on 03/05/2012 (NEF/copy to Vosburg via US mail). (skm)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF IOWA
CEDAR RAPIDS DIVISION
CEDAR RAPIDS LODGE & SUITES,
LLC et al.,
JFS DEVELOPMENT, INC., f/k/a JCS
DEVELOPMENT, INC., et al.,
The matter before the court is Plaintiff Cedar Rapids Lodge & Suites, LLC’s
(“CRLS”) “Motion for Default Judgment Against JFS Development, Inc.” (“Motion for
Default Judgment”) (docket no. 199). On January 26, 2011, Plaintiff filed a Motion for
Default Entry, which the Clerk of Court granted on January 27, 2011. The court
incorporates the factual and procedural background from its January 4, 2012, Order
(docket no. 211) regarding the Motion for Default Judgment.
On February 13, 2012, the undersigned held an evidentiary hearing to determine
damages. Kevin Visser and Robert Miller appeared on behalf of CRLS, and Defendant
JFS Development, Inc. (“JFS”) did not appear. Victoria Richman testified on behalf of
Plaintiff as an expert in hotel management and stated that she analyzed the financial
documents for the AmericInn hotel (“Hotel”) owned and operated by CRLS. Richman
testified that, after analyzing the Hotel’s financial documents and comparing the Hotel’s
performance to similar hotels in the same market, CRLS suffered $894,9931 in lost
The court notes that, after reviewing Richman’s calculations, the total amount
of lost revenue is $894,994. Because this is an insignificant difference, the court will
adhere to the amount CRLS requests.
revenue between 2005 and 2008. See Plaintiff’s Hearing Exhibit 10. Additionally,
Richman testified that CRLS owes AmericInn $83,898.39 in interest charges that accrued
on outstanding balances during the time period before new management took over. The
basis for the unpaid interest amount is a letter from AmericInn to CRLS enumerating
CRLS’s outstanding balances. See Plaintiff’s Hearing Exhibit 4. Richman testified that,
if CRLS does not pay its outstanding balances to AmericInn, including the interest
charges, AmericInn will likely remove its brand name from the Hotel. During the
hearing, Miller stated that CRLS is no longer seeking to recover management fees as
damages under Count VI of the Complaint. See Motion for Default Judgment at 2.
After thoroughly reviewing the record, the court finds it appropriate to grant CRLS
the relief it seeks. JFS is in default because it has failed to appear. See Ackra Direct
Mktg. Corp. v. Fingerhut Corp., 86 F.3d 852, 857 (8th Cir. 1996) (“[T]he law does not
allow a corporation to proceed pro se.”). When a defendant is in default, its “liability to
the plaintiff is deemed established and the plaintiff is not required to establish [its] right
to recover.” Brown v. Kenron Aluminum & Glass Corp., 477 F.2d 526, 531 (8th Cir.
1973). “When a default judgment is entered on a claim for an indefinite or uncertain
amount of damages, facts alleged in the complaint are taken as true, except facts relating
to the amount of damages, which must be proved in a supplemental hearing or
proceeding” by a preponderance of the evidence. Everyday Learning Corp. v. Larson,
242 F.3d 815, 818 (8th Cir. 2001). “If it is speculative and uncertain whether damages
have been sustained, recovery is denied. If the uncertainty lies only in the amount of
damages, recovery may be had if there is proof of a reasonable basis from which the
amount can be inferred or approximated.” Tredrea v. Anesthesia & Analgesia, P.C., 584
N.W.2d 276, 288 (Iowa 1998) (quoting Orkin Exterminating Co. (Arwell Div.) v. Burnett,
160 N.W.2d 427, 430 (Iowa 1968)).
The court finds that CRLS has proven by a preponderance of the evidence that it
is entitled to recover $894,993 in lost revenue and $83,898.39 in interest charges as
damages. Because JFS is in default, the court finds that CRLS’s allegations against JFS
in Count VI are true. See Brown, 477 F.2d at 531. In the Complaint, CRLS asks the
court to enter judgment in favor of CRLS pursuant to Count VI “in the amount of all
damages sustained by the Plaintiffs as a result of [JFS’s] mismanagement . . . [and]
interest.” Complaint (docket no. 1) at 83. The court finds that, although CRLS sought
a different damages amount in the Motion for Default Judgment than it proved at the
evidentiary hearing, the amount proved at the evidentiary hearing does not differ in kind
from the relief sought in the Complaint. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(c) (“A default judgment
must not differ in kind from, or exceed in amount, what is demanded in the pleadings.”).
The court further finds that Richman’s testimony regarding her financial analysis and the
letter from AmericInn are reasonable bases from which to determine CRLS’s damages.
See Tredrea, 584 N.W.2d at 288; cf. Ballard v. Amana Soc’y, Inc., 526 N.W.2d 558,
561 (Iowa 1995) (finding that expert testimony estimating a farm’s lost profits using the
farm’s actual data and budget estimates from Iowa State University provided a reasonable
basis for determining lost profits).
In light of the foregoing, the Motion for Default Judgment (docket no. 199) is
GRANTED. The Clerk of Court is DIRECTED to ENTER JUDGMENT in favor of
CRLS and against JFS in the amount of $978,891.39.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED this 5th day of March, 2012.
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