Lennette v. Siver et al
ORDER: The 21 Motion to Amend is granted and Defendants Melody Silver, Amy Howell and Valerie Lovaglia are dismissed. The Clerk of Court is directed to detach and separately docket the Amended Complaint (docket no. 21-1). The 22 Motion to Remand is granted and the case is remanded to the Iowa District Court for Linn County. The 6 Motion to Dismiss is denied as moot. Signed by Judge Linda R Reade on 08/10/2017. (jjh)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF IOWA
CEDAR RAPIDS DIVISION
ANDREW LENNETTE, Individually
and on behalf of C.L., O.L. and S.L.,
MELODY SIVER et al.,
The matters before the court are Plaintiff Andrew Lennette’s “Motion to Amend
Complaint to Withdraw Claim Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. [§] 1983” (“Motion to Amend”)
(docket no. 21) and Motion to Remand (docket no. 22) (collectively, “Motions”).
II. PROCEDURAL HISTORY
On January 2, 2017, Lennette filed a “Petition at Law and Jury Demand”
(“Petition”) (docket no. 3) in the Iowa District Court for Linn County, Iowa (“Iowa
District Court”). In the Petition, Lennette asserts that Melody Siver, Amy Howell and
Valerie Lovaglia (collectively “DHS Investigators”) violated his rights and he seeks relief
pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. See Petition at 15-16. The Petition also asserts various
claims under Iowa law against St. Luke’s Methodist Hospital (“St. Luke’s”) and the Grace
C. Mae Advocate Center, Inc. (“Center”).
On February 10, 2017, the DHS Investigators filed a Notice of Removal (docket no.
2), bringing the case before the court. On February 17, 2017, the DHS Investigators filed
a Motion to Dismiss (docket no. 6). On August 7, 2017, Lennette filed the Motions. The
Motion to Amend states that the DHS Investigators do not resist the motion. See Motion
to Amend at 3. On August 9, 2017, St. Luke’s filed a Resistance (docket no. 23) to the
Motion to Remand. The Center, which is not implicated by the § 1983 claim, has not yet
responded. However, in the interest of judicial efficiency, and because the Motions appear
noncontroversial, the court will proceed to consider the Motions. See LR 7(e) (“If a
motion appears to be noncontroversial, or if circumstances otherwise warrant, the court
may elect to rule on a motion without waiting for a resistance or response.”).
III. SUBJECT MATTER JURISDICTION
The court has original jurisdiction over the § 1983 claims because they arise under
the United States Code. See 28 U.S.C. § 1331 (“The district courts shall have original
jurisdiction of all civil actions arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the
United States.”). The court has supplemental jurisdiction over the remaining claims
because they are so related to the claims within the court’s original jurisdiction that they
form part of the same case or controversy. See 28 U.S.C. § 1367(a) (“[T]he district courts
shall have supplemental jurisdiction over all other claims that are so related to claims in
the action within such original jurisdiction that they form part of the same case or
controversy . . . .”). In other words, “the federal-law claims and state-law claims in the
case ‘derive from a common nucleus of operative fact’ and are ‘such that [a plaintiff]
would ordinarily be expected to try them all in one judicial proceeding.’” Kan. Pub.
Emps. Ret. Sys. v. Reimer & Koger Assocs., Inc., 77 F.3d 1063, 1067 (8th Cir. 1996)
(quoting Carnegie-Mellon Univ. v. Cohill, 484 U.S. 343, 349 (1988)) (alteration in
IV. MOTION TO AMEND
In the Motion to Amend, Lennette “seeks to withdraw his cause of action against
the [DHS Investigators] based on 42 U.S.C. § 1983,” which would result in their dismissal
from this action. Motion to Amend at 2. Lennette explains that a recent Iowa Supreme
Court Case, Godfrey v. State, ___ N.W.2d ___, 2017 WL 2825878 (Iowa 2017),
recognizes “claims against the State and its employees under the Iowa Constitution.”
Motion to Amend at 2. Lennette intends to “file suit in state court on all tort claims
including the Iowa Constitutional claims.” Id.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provide that a party may amend a pleading
once as a matter of course within twenty-one days after service of a Rule 12(b) motion.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(1)(B). However, Lennette did not seek to amend the Petition within
the necessary time period. As such, pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure,
Lennette may only amend the Petition “with the opposing party’s written consent or the
court’s leave.” Id. 15(a)(2). “The court should freely give leave when justice so
requires.” Id. “[D]enial of leave to amend may be justified by undue delay, bad faith on
the part of the moving party, futility of the amendment or unfair prejudice to the opposing
party.” Crest Constr. II, Inc. v. Doe, 660 F.3d 346, 358-59 (8th Cir. 2011) (quoting
United States ex rel. Joshi v. St. Luke’s Hosp., Inc., 441 F.3d 552, 557-58 (8th Cir.
The court shall grant the Motion to Amend. Lennette did not unduly delay filing
the Motion to Amend because it was filed approximately a month after the Iowa Supreme
Court issued the Godfrey opinion, which permitted Lennette to file his claims in state
court. See Godfrey, 2017 WL 2825878. There is no evidence that the Motion to Amend
is brought in bad faith. Nor is the Motion to Amend prejudicial, as it results in dismissal
of the DHS Investigators from the suit and leaves the status of the other Defendants
Additionally, the DHS Investigators—the only Defendants
implicated in the § 1983 claims—do not resist the Motion to Amend. See Motion to
Amend at 3. Accordingly, the court shall grant the Motion to Amend to allow Lennette
to withdraw his § 1983 claims and dismiss the DHS Investigators.
V. MOTION TO REMAND
In the Motion to Remand, Lennette states that “[w]ithdrawal of [his] [§] 1983 claims
removes all claims over which th[e] [c]ourt has original jurisdiction.” Motion to Remand
at 2. He further contends that remand to the Iowa District Court is appropriate. Id. at 3.
Lennette points to the relatively brief time that the case has been in federal court, the
limited involvement of the court, the length of time before trial is set to begin and the
efficiency and convenience of trying all cases together in state court. Id. In its Resistance,
St. Luke’s argues that the court should retain jurisdiction over the state law claims because
the issues presented in its Motion to Dismiss (“St. Luke’s Motion to Dismiss”) (docket no.
10) “are governed by well-established law and are routinely addressed by th[e] [c]ourt.”
Resistance at 3. St. Luke’s further contends that “the parties have conducted extensive
discovery pursuant to th[e] [c]ourt’s procedural rules” and a remand will result “in
unnecessary and prejudicial delay.” Id.
If the court “has dismissed all claims over which it has original jurisdiction” the
court “may decline to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over a claim.” 28 U.S.C. §
1367(c)(3). “When a district court dismisses federal claims over which it has original
jurisdiction, the balance of interests usually will point toward declining to exercise
jurisdiction over the remaining state law claims.” Streambend Props. II, LLC v. Ivy Tower
Minneapolis, LLC, 781 F.3d 1003, 1016-17 (8th Cir. 2015) (quoting In re Canadian
Import Antitrust Litig., 470 F.3d 785, 792 (8th Cir. 2006)); see also Condor Corp. v. City
of St. Paul, 912 F.2d 215, 220 (8th Cir. 1990) (“We stress the need to exercise judicial
restraint and avoid state law issues wherever possible. We also recognize within principles
of federalism the necessity to provide great deference and comity to state court forums to
decide issues involving state law questions.”). The court notes that the case is at its outset,
and there has been no “substantial amount of time and judicial resources expended in this
case.” Thomas v. United Steelworkers Local 1938, 743 F.3d 1134, 1141 (8th Cir. 2014).
Although the court recognizes the arguments raised by St. Luke’s, the court maintains
“broad discretion to exercise supplemental jurisdiction over any remaining state-law
claims.” Id. The court concludes that the parties should be given an opportunity to litigate
this action in the Iowa District Court, and declines to exercise supplemental jurisdiction
over the state law claims. The court shall grant the Motion to Remand and remand the
case to state court.
In light of the foregoing, the court ORDERS as follows:
The Motion to Amend (docket no. 21) is GRANTED and Defendants
Melody Siver, Amy Howell and Valerie Lovaglia are DISMISSED.
The Clerk of Court is DIRECTED to detach and separately docket the
Amended Complaint (docket no. 21-1).
The Motion to Remand (docket no. 22) is GRANTED and the case is
REMANDED to Iowa District Court for Linn County.1
The Motion to Dismiss (docket no. 6) is DENIED AS MOOT.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
DATED this 10th day of August, 2017.
On March 3, 2017, St. Luke’s filed a Motion to Dismiss. The court takes no
position as to the potential merits of St. Luke’s Motion to Dismiss. The court shall leave
this matter for the Iowa District Court to consider in the first instance on remand.
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