Nordike v. Verizon Business, Inc.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER denying 75 Motion to Seal Case. Signed by District Judge Julie A. Robinson on 3/22/17. Mailed to pro se party Allan Nordike by regular mail. (kao)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
VERIZON BUSINESS, INC.,
Case No. 12-2686-JAR
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiff Allan Nordike filed an action against his former employer, Defendant Verizon
Business, Inc. (“Verizon”), for alleged retaliation in violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act
of 1974, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq (“Title VII”), and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990,
42 U.S.C. § 12101 et seq. (“ADA”). The Court granted summary judgment in favor of Verizon
on all of Plaintiff’s claims.1 The parties later settled while an appeal to the Tenth Circuit Court
of Appeals was pending.2
This matter is now before the Court on Plaintiff’s pro se Motion (Doc. 75) requesting that
his case be “blocked, sealed, or removed from being seen by anyone publicly or privately while
searching on the World Wide Web search engines, like Google, Yahoo, Internet Explorer MSN,
or any other browsers” when searching his name. Plaintiff asserts that potential employers do
not ask him for a second job interview once the Human Resources department finds a record of
this case on the internet. Because this case has been closed since September 2014, Plaintiff
effectively requests this Court to reopen the case for purposes of sealing the entire proceeding.
Whether judicial records and other case-related information should be sealed or
otherwise withheld from the public is a matter left to the discretion of the Court.3 Courts have
long recognized a common-law right of access to judicial records.4 This right is not absolute,
however, and the “presumption of access . . . can be rebutted if countervailing interests heavily
outweigh the public interests in access.”5 “The party seeking to overcome the presumption bears
the burden of showing some significant interest that outweighs the presumption.”6 The Court
finds that Plaintiff has failed to demonstrate a basis for sealing the case. Plaintiff broadly alleges
that prospective employers do not extend him a second interview once they find out about his
lawsuit against Verizon through a web search. Such a claim is speculative, however, and the
Court will not seal the case on the basis of “unsupported hypothesis or conjecture.”7
Moreover, Plaintiff’s concerns do not overcome the presumption against sealing
generally accessible documents. Here, although the exhibits to the various motions were
permitted to be filed under seal, neither the Memorandum and Order granting Verizon summary
judgment in September 2014, nor the motions or pleadings or the underlying case itself was
Nixon v. Warner Commc’ns, Inc., 435 U.S. 589, 599 (1978).
Mann v. Boatright, 477 F.3d 1140, 1149 (10th Cir. 2007) (citing Nixon, 435 U.S. at 597).
Id. (quoting Rushford v. New Yorker Magazine, Inc., 846 F.2d 249, 253 (4th Cir. 1988)).
See Worford v. City of Topeka, No. 03-2450-JWL-DJW, 2004 WL 316073, at *2 (D. Kan. Feb. 17, 2004)
(finding the public’s right of access is presumed paramount and that documents should be sealed “only on the basis
of articulable facts known to the court, not on the basis of unsupported hypothesis or conjecture.”); see also Pansy v.
Borough of Stroudsburg, 23 F.3d 772, 786 (3d Cir. 1994) (concluding vague and speculative allegations about a
prospective employer finding out about his litigation through a web search are insufficient to demonstrate the
requisite injury and otherwise fail to show that the balance of relevant interests weigh in favor of confidentiality);
Ghadersohi v. Health Research, Inc., No. 10-CV-144S, 2014 WL 1513916, at *1 (W.D.N.Y. Apr. 16, 2014)
(holding that plaintiff’s inability to obtain employment is an insufficient basis to seal the case and prevent further
publication by FindACase.com among others).
sealed. In accordance with the United States District Court for the District of Kansas’s Civil
Administrative Procedures, subscribers to the Public Access to Court Electronic Records
(“PACER”) system can view the content of the orders made in cases. Subscribers can also
publish orders in cases to the internet or elsewhere. Opinions are also available to the public on
the United States District Court of Kansas website. Accordingly, unsealed documents and orders
in Plaintiff’s underlying proceedings were routinely published on the internet or elsewhere over
the course of two years of litigation and beyond, and are the type of documents that give rise to a
strong presumption against sealing the case at this time.
Accordingly, the Court denies Plaintiff’s request to reopen and seal these proceedings. In
so ruling, the Court notes a more practical reason for denying Plaintiff’s request—this Court
simply does not have the power nor the ability to retrospectively remove every possible
reference to Plaintiff’s case available on the internet or elsewhere. Even if the Court were to seal
the underlying case, any publication on the internet spanning from 2012 to present would remain
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED BY THE COURT that Plaintiff Allan Nordike’s
Motion to Seal Case (Doc. 75) is DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated: March 22, 2017
S/ Julie A. Robinson
JULIE A. ROBINSON
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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