Lloyds of London Syndicate 2003 v. Fireman's Fund Insurance Company of Ohio
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER granting 84 Motion for Protective Order. Signed by District Judge Daniel D. Crabtree on 07/06/2017. (cv)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
LLOYDS OF LONDON SYNDICATE
Case No. 15-CV-2681-DDC-GLR
FIREMAN’S FUND INSURANCE
COMPANY OF OHIO,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This Order considers whether a party properly can invoke work product protection to
shield a document that it inadvertently produced. Defendant Fireman’s Fund Insurance
Company of Ohio argues that it can. Plaintiff Lloyds of London Syndicate 2003 takes the
opposite position. After considering the parties’ arguments, the court concludes that work
product protection applies to the document and grants defendant’s Motion for Protective Order
On November 7, 2016, plaintiff deposed defendant’s retained expert, Jack Murphy.
Before the deposition, Mr. Murphy produced his written report as Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(2)(B)
requires. Mr. Murphy also produced—albeit inadvertently—an email exchange as part of that
written report. Before Mr. Murphy produced his written report, defense counsel conferred with
him about what documents they considered to be protected from disclosure and directed him not
to produce those documents to plaintiff’s counsel. One of those protected documents included
the email now at issue. Doc. 84-2 ¶ 5. Defendant asserts that the email is a work product
protected document under Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(3)(A).
During Mr. Murphy’s deposition, defense counsel realized that Mr. Murphy inadvertently
had produced this email. Defense counsel immediately notified plaintiff’s counsel of the
inadvertent disclosure of the document and demanded its return. Plaintiff’s counsel refused,
claiming that defense counsel had waived work product protection by disclosing the email in Mr.
Murphy’s written report.
The parties then agreed to subject the email to a preliminary protective order. Under the
terms of this order, plaintiff’s counsel agreed not to question Mr. Murphy about the document or
provide the document to any of plaintiff’s witnesses. Also, plaintiff’s counsel marked the email
document as Exhibit 4A at Mr. Murphy’s deposition, and then the court reporter labeled the
document as one subject to a protective order.
About four months later, defendant filed a Motion for Protective Order asking to: (1) bar
plaintiff’s counsel and plaintiff’s witnesses from reviewing or referring to the email; (2) require
plaintiff’s counsel to return the original email from the deposition and destroy any copies of it;
and (3) direct the court reporter to remove Exhibit 4A from the record of the deposition. Doc. 85
The Supreme Court first recognized the work product doctrine in Hickman v. Taylor. See
329 U.S. 495, 508–11 (1947). At its core, the work product doctrine serves to “shield litigants’
work-product from their opponents, . . . thus freeing lawyers to create such material without fear
of discovery.” In re Grand Jury Proceedings, 616 F.3d 1172, 1184 (10th Cir. 2010) (citations
omitted). This doctrine also “shelters the mental processes of the attorney[,]” United States v.
Nobles, 422 U.S. 225, 238 (1975), and protects against disclosing an attorney’s “mental
impressions, conclusions, opinions, or legal theories.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(3)(B). As such, the
work product doctrine, now codified in Rule 26(b)(3), prevents disclosure of documents or
tangible things that an attorney has prepared in anticipation of litigation. Fed. R. Civ. P.
26(b)(3)(A). The party asserting work product privilege bears the burden to show that the
doctrine applies to the document at issue. In re Grand Jury Proceedings, 616 F.3d at 1184–85.
To decide whether the email deserves protection under the work product doctrine, the
court must consider two questions. First, does the email constitute work product? Second, if the
email is work product, did counsel’s inadvertent disclosure of the email waive work product
protection? The court addresses these two questions below.
A. Defendant’s June 29, 2016 email qualifies for work product protection under
federal statute and controlling case law.
As the party asserting work product protection, defendant must show each of the
following: (1) the June 29, 2016 email is a document or tangible thing prepared by or for the
defendant or its counsel; (2) the email qualifies as work product material prepared in anticipation
of litigation; (3) the email does not qualify for an exception to the doctrine; and (4) defendant
properly claimed that the email was subject to protection as trial-preparation material. Fed. R.
Civ. P. 26(b)(3)–(5); see also Zapata v. IBC, Inc., 175 F.R.D. 574, 576 (D. Kan. 1997)
(identifying burdens for work product protection (citations omitted)). The parties do not dispute
the first requirement, so the next four subsections address the other four requirements.
1. The email qualifies as defense counsel’s “mental impressions, conclusions,
opinions, or legal theories” about impending litigation.
To qualify for protection as the attorney’s work product, the party or its attorney must
show that it prepared materials in anticipation of litigation or for trial. Fed. R. Civ. P.
26(b)(3)(A). Our court has held that an attorney’s scattered, handwritten notations in an expert
report constituted “mental impressions, conclusions, opinions, or legal theories, made with an
eye toward litigation.” Zapata, 175 F.R.D. at 576 (citing Hickman, 329 U.S. at 508). In that
case, the attorney inadvertently provided the incorrect copy of a report that contained her written
notes. After reviewing those notes, the court concluded that they were the type of material
protected by Rule 26(b)(3).
Here, defendant asserts in its Reply that “the email concerned correction of typographical
errors in the expert’s draft report and requesting that Mr. Murphy expand his discussion on two
of the topics in his report.” Doc. 94 at 2; see also Doc. 84-2 ¶ 3.1 The email thus describes
defense counsel’s impressions of the expert’s report, and it directs the expert to make certain
changes to the report’s substance. So, like the notes in Zapata, the email contains defense
counsel’s mental impressions, conclusions, opinions, or legal theories. Defense counsel also
made the statements when anticipating litigation. Indeed, the parties already were litigating this
lawsuit when defense counsel sent the email. The court thus finds that the email satisfies the
work product requirements as codified in Rule 26(b)(3).
The parties have not submitted the email into the record. The court describes the email as
defendant describes it in its motion papers. Plaintiff does not challenge defendant’s characterization of
2. The email does not qualify for any of the three exceptions to work product
Rule 26(b)(4)(C) presumes that all communications between an expert and a party’s
attorney are protected as work product unless the communications fall within one of the three
exceptions. The rule provides no protection under these exceptions if the communication:
(i) addresses the expert’s compensation, (ii) identifies facts or data that the attorney provided and
that the expert considered to form his opinion, or (iii) identifies assumptions that the party’s
attorney provided and that the expert relied on in forming the opinions to be expressed. Fed. R.
Civ. P. 26(b)(4)(C)(i)–(iii).
Here, the email asks Mr. Murphy to make certain changes to his report, including
expanding his discussion about two topics. From the parties’ description of the email, its
contents do not (i) discuss Mr. Murphy’s compensation, (ii) provide facts or data, or (iii)
establish assumptions that Mr. Murphy relied on in his expert report. So, the email does not
qualify for any of the exceptions that might disqualify it from work product protection.
3. Defendant satisfied Rule 26(b)(5)(B) by properly notifying plaintiff that it
was claiming protection for the email.
The final requirement that defendant must establish is that it properly claimed that the
email was subject to protection as trial-preparation material under Rule 26(b)(5). That rule has
two provisions, subsection A and B, that apply in different factual circumstances. Subsection A
applies when a party seeks to withhold information otherwise discoverable. This subsection
does not apply here because defendant did not “withhold[ ] information otherwise discoverable.”
Instead, Mr. Murphy produced the email under subpoena. And, the parties never identify any
circumstances making the email “otherwise discoverable” during the litigation. So, the email
does not meet the requirements of subsection A.
Subsection B applies when a party inadvertently produces information in discovery. In
the absence of agreed-upon procedures, subsection B specifies that when a party claims that
“information produced in discovery is subject to a claim of privilege or of protection as trialpreparation material, the party making the claim may notify any party that received the
information of the claim and the basis for it.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(5)(B). This kind of reactive
or retroactive notification can take the form of a privilege log but also can “include the assertion
of the claim during a deposition.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(5)(B) advisory committee’s note to 2006
amendment. Here, defendant claimed privilege by notifying plaintiff’s counsel in real time at
Mr. Murphy’s deposition. Doc. 84-1 at 20–21, 26; Doc. 84-2 ¶ 8. The court finds this claim of
privilege adequate to satisfy Rule 26(b)(5)(B).
Plaintiff argues that defendant cannot assert work product protection here because
defendant never produced a privilege log identifying the email as protected. The privilege log
requirement is derived from Rule 26(b)(5)(A). That subsection requires a party withholding
information otherwise discoverable to (1) “expressly make the claim” for work product; and (2)
“describe the nature” of the information not produced in a manner that enables the other party to
assess that claim but does not reveal the actual protected information. Id.
In contrast, Rule 26(b)(5)(B) contains no similar requirement. It just provides that a
party “may notify [the receiving party] . . . of the [protection] claim and the basis for it.” Fed. R.
Civ. P. 26(b)(5)(B). Plaintiff provides no authority requiring the production of a log under Rule
26(b)(5)(B). And, even if that Rule required a log, our court has approached privilege logs in a
manner that favors substance over form. See Farha v. Idbeis, No. 09-1059-JTM, 2010 WL
3168146, at *4 n.11 (D. Kan. Aug. 10, 2010) (noting that parties “typically” create a privilege
log to satisfy Rule 26(b)(5)(A) but a formal privilege log is unnecessary when parties describe a
particular communication in narrative detail); Sprint Commc’ns Co., L.P. v. Vonage Holdings
Corp., No. 05-2433-JWL-DJW, 2007 WL 1347754, at *2 (D. Kan. May 8, 2007) (explaining that
an express claim of privilege “usually” is asserted in the form of a privilege log). Also, our court
has held that “[a] privilege log is not always necessary as long as the opposing party and the
court can assess whether the claimed privilege applies to the document.” Farha, 2010 WL
3168146, at *4 n.11.
On this record, the court finds that defendant has provided sufficient information about
its claim of privilege—even without a privilege log—to satisfy Rule 26(b)(5)(B). Defendant’s
counsel notified opposing counsel of its claim that the email was work product immediately after
the inadvertent disclosure, and it has described the nature of the email sufficiently for the court
to assess the merit of the privilege claim. The court thus concludes that the June 29, 2016 email
qualifies for work product protection. Now, the court must determine whether defendant waived
that protection by inadvertently producing the email.2
The court briefly addresses defendant’s argument that plaintiff violated Rule 26(b)(5)(B). As the
party receiving notice of a privilege claim for documents inadvertently produced, Rule 26(b)(5)(B)
imposes a number of responsibilities. The parties dispute two of them. First, the receiving party must
return, sequester, or destroy the specified information it received. Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(5)(B). Second,
the receiving party must not use or disclose the information until the court or parties resolve the claim of
privilege. Id. The court finds that plaintiff complied with both responsibilities.
Here, plaintiff asserts that the mutual protective order that the parties entered during Mr.
Murphy’s deposition amounts to a sequestration and, thus, complies with Rule 26(b)(5)(B). The court
agrees. Although the parties did not cite any authority that explains the term “sequester,” the court’s
research has identified two cases discussing the term under Rule 26(b)(5)(B). See, e.g., Coburn Grp.,
LLC v. Whitecap Advisors, LLC, 640 F. Supp. 2d 1032, 1040–41 (N.D. Ill. 2009) (holding it was
reasonable for an attorney to refuse to return an inadvertently produced email but agree instead to
“quarantine” the email while the parties formed their positions about the privilege dispute and briefed the
issue for the court); Thermoset Corp. v. Bldg. Materials Corp. of Am., No. 14-60268-CIV, 2015 WL
1565310, at *4 (S.D. Fla. Apr. 8, 2015) (noting that counsel receiving inadvertently produced documents
had declined a request to destroy them but removed them from the case database and “sequestered” them).
Although these cases never discuss what actions constitute appropriate sequestration under the Rule, the
courts appear to approve of the attorney’s actions. Plaintiff’s actions here are similar. Plaintiff agreed to
subject the document to the mutual protective order. Also, nothing suggests that plaintiff has used or
disclosed the information while the parties resolve the claim. Both parties agreed to attach the email as
B. Defense counsel’s inadvertent disclosure of an email did not waive work product
Although defense counsel’s email qualifies as work product material that does not fall
under an exclusionary exception, it nonetheless may lose work product protection through
wavier. Federal Rule of Evidence 502 codifies a standard for determining if inadvertent
disclosures waive work product protections. Fed. R. Evid. 502(b).
Enacted in 2008, Rule 502 primarily adopts the majority view that an inadvertent
disclosure of protected communications does not constitute a waiver if the producing party took
reasonable actions to avoid the disclosure. See Fed. R. Evid. 502(b) advisory committee’s note.
Compare Emp’r’s Reinsurance Corp. v. Clarendon Nat’l Ins. Co., 213 F.R.D. 422, 428–31 (D.
Kan. 2003) (applying common law five-factor test for inadvertent disclosures that requires the
court to consider the reasonableness of precautions taken to prevent inadvertent disclosure and
the time taken to rectify the error), with Fed. R. Evid 502(b) (stating that inadvertent disclosure
is not a waiver when the party took reasonable steps to prevent disclosure and rectify the error,
including (if applicable) complying with Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(5)(B)).
Even after the enactment of Rule 502 in 2008, our court has continued to apply the fivefactor test to determine whether a party has waived work product protection. See Soc’y of Prof’l
Eng’g Emps. in Aerospace, Int’l Fed’n of Prof’l & Tech. Emps., Local 2001 v. Spirit
Aerosystems, Inc., No. 14-1281-MLB, 2015 WL 3466091, at *2–3 (D. Kan. June 1, 2015)
(applying the “five-factor test often utilized in this district” in light of Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(5)
and Fed. R. Evid. 502).
Exhibit 4A to the deposition transcript subject to the mutual protective order. Under these facts, the court
concludes that plaintiff has properly complied with Rule 26(b)(5)(B).
Here, defendant and plaintiff disagree whether this five-factor test applies. Defendant
argues that it does; plaintiff argues that it does not. Plaintiff asserts that our court’s decision in
Employer’s Reinsurance supports its argument. The court disagrees. In Employer’s
Reinsurance, that defendant inadvertently produced a four-page affidavit of their consulting
expert. 213 F.R.D. at 423–24. The defendant discovered this possible inadvertent production at
a deposition when plaintiff marked the affidavit as an exhibit. Id. at 429. The defendant
reserved the right to assert a work product protection claim later. Id. at 424. Six days after
initially raising its concerns at the deposition, the defendant confirmed in writing to plaintiff that
it intended to protect the affidavit as work product and, thus, claimed that it had produced the
document inadvertently. Id. When the plaintiff refused to return the document and strike it from
the deposition, that defendant filed a motion for protective order. Id.
Employer’s Reinsurance characterized the issue as not whether the affidavit was
discoverable, but instead whether the defendant was entitled to its return even though the
defendant had produced it. Id. at 425. After considering various legal standards, the court
decided that the appropriate test to apply to protective order motions that seek the return of
allegedly inadvertently produced materials is the five-factor analysis test. Id. at 427.
Here, plaintiff argues that because defendant’s expert, Mr. Murphy, was a testifying
expert witness and not a consulting expert witness like the one in Employer’s Reinsurance,
applying the five-factor test is improper. Doc. 91 at 5. Plaintiff argues that Employer’s
Reinsurance is distinguishable because it was a “case of first impression in this district.” Id.;
Emp’r’s Reinsurance, 213 F.R.D. at 427. But, the issue of first impression was about inadvertent
disclosures in an earlier case and whether those disclosures could apply to a later, related action.
Emp’r’s Reinsurance, 213 F.R.D. at 424–26; see also Frontier Refining, Inc. v. Gorman-Rupp
Co., 136 F.3d 695, 703–04 (10th Cir. 1998) (concluding that, at a minimum, the work product
doctrine extends to closely-related subsequent litigation). That is not the issue here. Plaintiff’s
argument is unpersuasive.
Also, our court routinely has applied the five-factor test in other cases involving different
actors who inadvertently disclosed information. See, e.g., Zapata, 175 F.R.D. at 577 (applying
the five-factor test when a retained expert witness inadvertently produced report); Kan. City
Power & Light Co. v. Pittsburg & Midway Coal Mining Co., 133 F.R.D. 171, 172 (D. Kan.
1989) (applying the five-factor test when an attorney inadvertently produced documents);
Wallace v. Beech Aircraft Corp., 179 F.R.D. 313, 314 (D. Kan. 1998) (same). From these cases,
the court concludes that it does not matter who inadvertently produced the information only that
someone inadvertently produced it. The court thus applies the five-factor test here.
The five-factor test analyzes: (1) the reasonableness of the precautions which the party
took to prevent inadvertent disclosure; (2) the time which the party took to rectify the error; (3)
the scope of discovery; (4) the extent of disclosure; and (5) the overriding issue of fairness.
Emp’r’s Reinsurance, 213 F.R.D. at 428; Zapata, 175 F.R.D. at 577. The court considers each
1. Factor One: The reasonableness of precautions taken to prevent
Defendant argues that it took reasonable precautions when defense counsel wrote
“Attorney work product protected from disclosure by FRCP 26(b)(4)(B) & (C)” at the top of the
email. Doc. 85 at 4. Defendant notes how Employer’s Reinsurance found it “significant” that
the inadvertently disclosed document was labelled “ATTORNEY WORK PRODUCT.” Id.
(citing Emp’r’s Reinsurance, 213 F.R.D. at 430). But there, the court referenced this
“significant” fact in its analysis of the fourth factor, not the first. Emp’r’s Reinsurance, 213
F.R.D. at 430. Indeed, such a heading can prove helpful after inadvertent disclosure. But, the
first factor looks to precautionary measures taken to prevent inadvertent disclosure.
Here, defense counsel affirmatively decided not to review Mr. Murphy’s expert report.
Doc. 85 at 5. Instead, defense counsel “reasonably relied upon Mr. Murphy to cull out the
protected documents” on his own because he had “extensive experience in litigation in federal
court” and defense counsel had briefed him about the matter. Id. Although counsel could have
monitored Mr. Murphy’s culling more closely, the court nonetheless finds counsel’s actions
In a factually similar case, our court “observe[d] that defendant’s attorney could have
been more careful by personally inspecting the [expert’s] report before sending it out, on
balance, this [first] factor weighs in favor of finding the work product protection was not
waived.” Zapata, 175 F.R.D. at 577. Zapata held that the reasonableness of precautionary
measures requires consideration of the amount of notice a party received before production, the
number of documents that the party actually produced, and how many of those documents they
produced inadvertently. Id. Applying these factors, our court’s case law counsels against
finding a waiver when a party must sift through a large expert report in a short amount of time
and only produces a small number of documents inadvertently. See id. (finding evidence of
reasonable precautionary measures when defense counsel had seven days’ notice, produced more
than 1,000 documents, and inadvertently produced just one document during three and half years
of litigation); see also Wallace, 179 F.R.D. at 314 (holding defendant had taken reasonable
precautions to prevent inadvertent disclosure because defendant’s attorney and an experienced
legal assistant each reviewed thousands of documents before production); but see Am. Cas. Co.
v. Healthcare Indem., Inc., No. 00-2301-DJW, 2002 WL 1156273, at *1 (D. Kan. Apr. 19, 2002)
(finding precautionary measures inadequate when the producing party had 17 days to produce
the documents compared to the seven-day window in Zapata and inadvertently produced more
than one privileged document).
Here, defense counsel had at least 17 days to oversee production of materials in Mr.
Murphy’s expert report. See Doc. 63 at 2. The report contained some 1,500 pages of material.
Doc. 84-1 at 9–10 (the parties stipulated that report was six to seven inches thick). And so far,
the email is the only document that defendant has produced inadvertently. Like Zapata, defense
counsel might have taken fuller precautions, but the court nonetheless concludes that counsel’s
actions did not waive work product protection. The court thus concludes that this first factor
slightly weighs against waiver.
2. Factor Two: The time taken to rectify the error
The court finds that the second factor heavily favors finding no waiver. The relevant
time for rectifying any error begins when the party discovered, or with reasonable diligence
should have discovered, the inadvertent disclosure. Emp’r’s Reinsurance, 213 F.R.D. at 429
(citing Zapata, 175 F.R.D. at 577). Here, defense counsel notified plaintiff’s counsel
immediately when the inadvertent disclosure was revealed at the deposition. Also, the parties
met and conferred on and off the record at the deposition in an effort to resolve the dispute, just
as D. Kan. Rule 37.2 requires. The court thus finds that defense counsel’s prompt action weighs
3. Factor Three: The scope of discovery
The court also finds that the third factor weighs against waiver. In Zapata, our court
found that the inadvertent disclosure of one document was minor vis-a-vis the number of
documents—roughly 40,000—that defense counsel had produced. 175 F.R.D. at 577. Likewise,
this case involves only one inadvertently produced document. But, the court lacks information
about the total number of documents defendant has produced during the entire litigation. Even
without this information, this single inadvertent disclosure is minor. Cf. Am. Cas., 2002 WL
1156273 at *3 (finding the third factor favored waiver because, although the number of
documents produced was unknown, the defendant’s production of more than 90 inadvertent
documents suggested disclosure was not minor). The court concludes that this third factor
weighs against waiver.
4. Factor Four: The extent of disclosure
Our court has held that the inadvertent production of protected material just to opposing
counsel is not sufficiently extensive disclosure to constitute waiver. See, e.g., Monarch Cement
Co. v. Lone Star Indus., Inc., 132 F.R.D. 558, 560 (D. Kan. 1990) (finding disclosure was not
extensive where the document was only disclosed to opposing counsel); Wallace, 179 F.R.D. at
315 (same). The same situation exists here. Defendant only disclosed the email to plaintiff’s
counsel. Indeed, plaintiff concedes that it has not shared the email with its expert or any other
person. Doc. 91 at 2. Under these circumstances, no extensive disclosure has occurred.
Also, plaintiff’s counsel never questioned Mr. Murphy about the email after defense
counsel timely notified them of the inadvertent disclosure. Both parties agreed to attach the
email as Exhibit 4A to the deposition transcript subject to a mutual protective order. And, no
party has used the email for any purposes. Under these facts, the court finds that the fourth
factor weighs against waiver.
5. Factor Five: The overriding issue of fairness
Key to the court’s determination of the fifth factor is the relevancy of the disclosed
documents. Emp’r’s Reinsurance, 213 F.R.D. at 431. Here, the email suggested corrections to
typographical errors in Mr. Murphy’s draft report and asked that he expand his discussion on two
topics. Nothing suggests that the email contained relevant information that could affect the
claims asserted or add any new theories. The court also finds that plaintiff will sustain no
prejudice if the court refuses to find a waiver and orders plaintiff to return the email. Losing
access to an inadvertently produced document, and thus any tactical advantage that the document
may provide, does not amount to prejudice sufficient to find a waiver. Indeed, our court has
recognized that no compelling reason exists “to rigidly apply a waiver of work product” over a
few inadvertently-produced documents from a pool of thousands when the non-disclosing party’s
“arguments . . . reduce themselves to little more than a claim that they should not be deprived of
a tactical advantage fortuitously gained by a party’s inadvertence.” Zapata, 175 F.R.D. at 578
(quoting In re Wyo. Tight Sands Antirust Cases, No. 85-2349-S, 1987 WL 93812, at *5 (D. Kan.
Sept. 11, 1987)). The court applies this reasoning equally to the facts here. The final factor—
fairness—thus weighs against waiver.
Considering all five factors collectively, the court finds that they favor a finding that no
waiver has occurred here. Defendant did not waive work product protection when its expert
inadvertently disclosed the July 29, 2016 email to plaintiff.
The court finds that the email is protected work product and that defendant never waived
that protection. Defendant thus is entitled to the email’s return. The court grants defendant’s
motion and orders that: (1) plaintiff’s counsel and its witnesses may not review or refer to the
June 29, 2016 email; (2) plaintiff’s counsel must return the June 29, 2016 email and any copies
in its or plaintiff’s custody or control to defendant; and (3) the court reporter shall remove
Exhibit 4A from the deposition record. The court directs plaintiff’s counsel to provide the court
reporter with a copy of this Order.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED BY THE COURT THAT defendant Fireman Fund
Insurance Company of Ohio’s Motion for Protective Order (Doc. 84) is granted.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED THAT:
1. Plaintiff’s counsel and its witness may not review or refer to the June 29, 2016 email;
2. Plaintiff’s counsel must return the June 29, 2016 email and any copies in its or
plaintiff’s custody or control to defendant; and
3. The court reporter shall remove Exhibit 4A from the deposition record and plaintiff’s
counsel must provide the court reporter with a copy of this Order.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this 6th day of July, 2017, at Topeka, Kansas.
s/ Daniel D. Crabtree
Daniel D. Crabtree
United States District Judge
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