Hall v. Life Care Centers of America, Inc. et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER denying 11 Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Claim. Signed by Chief Judge J. Thomas Marten on 02/10/2017. (aa)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
Case No. 16-2729-JTM
LIFE CARE CENTERS OF AMERICA, INC., et
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiff Pamela Hall has sued her former employer Life Care Centers of America
and her supervisor Michelle Yosick. Hall alleges that Life Care terminated her employment
in violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. § 12112, and the Age
Discrimination in Employment Act, 29 U.S.C. § 623. In addition, Hall alleges that Life Care
and Yosick violated her rights under the Family Medical Leave Act, 29 U.S.C. § 2601. The
matter is before the court on Yosick’s motion to dismiss the FMLA action against her as an
Yosick seeks dismissal arguing the Complaint fails to allege sufficient facts justifying
individual liability on her part as an “employer” for any alleged FMLA violation. Under
the FMLA, the term “employer” includes “any person who acts, directly or indirectly, in
the interest of the employer to any of the employees of such employer.” 29 U.S.C. §
2611(4)(A)(ii)(I). The FMLA regulations provide that this definition applies to “individuals
such as corporate officers acting in the interest of an employer.” 29 C.F.R. § 825.104(d)
(same standard as “employer” under the Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. § 203(d)).
Generally, an individual supervisor is not considered an “employer” under the FMLA
absent some “corporate role beyond his managerial position.” Mondaine v. Am. Drug Stores,
Inc., 408 F. Supp. 2d 1169, 1186 (D. Kan. 2006). See Stuart v. Regis Corp., 2006 WL 1889970
at *6 (D.Utah July 10, 2006) (noting that “[i]ndividuals who have no corporate role beyond
a managerial position are not employers under the FMLA”).
Hall responds to Yosick’s motion by noting that the defendants’ Answer explicitly
acknowledges that Yosick was Hall’s supervisor and the Regional Vice President for Life
Care. (Dkt. 9, ¶¶ 3, 11). And the original Complaint filed by Hall specifies that Yosick knew
of her medical issues, and was involved in her termination. If the Complaint by itself is
insufficient to establish that Yosick was an employer under the FMLA, Hall asks that the
court grant her leave to add allegations relating to Yosick’s role.
The court finds that amendment is not required, and denies the motion to dismiss.
Defendant’s motion relies in part on this court’s decision in Williamson v. Deluxe Fin. Servs.,
No. 03-2538-KHV, 2005 WL 1593603 (D. Kan. July 6, 2005), but Williamson was not resolved
by a motion to dismiss. Rather, the court granted summary judgment finding that the
individual defendants “never held corporate officer positions” and “did did not have
sufficient responsibility or stature within Deluxe to warrant the imposition of personal
liability under the FMLA.” 2005 WL 1593603 at *9.
Yosick argues that allegations relating to her status as a vice president are
conclusory, and insufficient to set forth a basis for her to be considered an “employer”
under the FMLA. at 5. The court finds no basis for dismissing the action. The Complaint
alleges that Yosick was Hall’s “direct supervisor.” (Dkt. 1, ¶¶ 3, 11). Yosick “provid[ed]
input and ma[de] decisions as to [Hall’s] termination.” (Id. ¶ 2). Yosick was aware of her
medical condition. (Id. ¶¶ 16, 26, 27). Yosick terminated Hall because she was not
“dependable,” based upon her taking FMLA leave (Id. at 30, 39).
It is true that the Complaint’s discussion of Yosick’s corporate role is not extensive,
but the additional burden required for demonstrating Yosick’s status as an “employer”
under the FMLA is not substantial. As noted earlier, an individual may be subjected to
FMLA liability if he or she had corporate responsibilities in addition to those of supervising
the plaintiff. Notably, the Complaint identifies Yosick as the Regional Vice President of Life
Care, which inherently suggests the possession of corporate duties over a substantial area,
duties beyond the direct supervision of the plaintiff’s employment.
All that the plaintiff need do at this stage of the litigation is demonstrate a factual
basis for recovery which is “plausible on its face.” Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544,
547 (2007). The Complaint here meets this standard. See Schneider v. IT Factor Prod’ns, 2013
WL 6476555, *4 (E.D. Pa. Dec. 10, 2013) (denying motion to dismiss where “the Complaint
includes allegations that, while sparse, allege that Defendant ... ‘is the President and Chief
Executive Officer of IT Factor’” and had assumed “‘direct responsibility for the supervision
of employees’”); Buser v. Southern Food Serv., 73 F. Supp. 2d 556, 562–64 (M.D.N.C. 1999)
(same, where individual was identified as the Vice President of defendant corporation
acting in the scope of employment). Cf. Adams v. Shipman, 2014 WL 4924299, *9 (M.D.N.C.
Sept. 30, 2014) (dismissing action where plaintiff alleged two individuals “were corporate
officers” but failed to allege they had “any direct involvement in the FMLA violation”).
IT IS ACCORDINGLY ORDERED this 10th day of February, 2017, that the
defendant’s Motion to Dismiss (Dkt. 11) is hereby denied.
___s/ J. Thomas Marten_______
J. THOMAS MARTEN, JUDGE
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