Simmons v. Kansas Department of Revenue et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER denying 4 Motion for Stay of Execution. Signed by District Judge Julie A. Robinson on 1/5/17. Mailed to pro se party Michael R. Simmons by regular mail. (hw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
MICHAEL R. SIMMONS,
Case No. 16-2823-JAR-GLR
KANSAS DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
On December 20, 2016, Plaintiff Michael R. Simmons filed a pro se Complaint asking
this Court to delay the Kansas Department of Revenue’s sale of his assets to satisfy his tax
deficiency. At the time he filed his Complaint, Plaintiff applied for leave to proceed in forma
pauperis, which is currently pending. If that motion is granted, the Clerk’s office will be directed
to serve summons and the Complaint on Defendant.1 Thus, Defendant has not yet been served.
Before the Court is Plaintiff’s Motion for Stay of Execution (Doc. 4), filed today, which asks this
Court to “stay” Defendant from completing the sale of Plaintiff’s assets, which he represents will
become final today at 7:10 pm CST.
In the Complaint, Plaintiff invokes Fed. R. Civ. P. 62 as authority for this Court’s power
to stay execution of a judgment. But Plaintiff’s reliance on this rule is misplaced. Rule 62
applies when a party seeks to stay execution of a federal district court’s own judgment. Here,
Plaintiff seeks to stay execution of a sale made to satisfy a Kansas state tax obligation. The
Court lacks authority to take such action under Rule 62.
See 28 U.S.C. § 1915.
Because Plaintiff proceeds pro se, the Court must liberally construe his pleadings.2
Liberally construing his Complaint and motion, perhaps Plaintiff asks the Court to issue a
temporary restraining order without notice. Fed. R. Civ. P. 65(b)(1) establishes that
[t]he court may issue a temporary restraining order without written or oral notice
to the adverse party or its attorney only if: (A) specific facts in an affidavit or a
verified complaint clearly show that immediate and irreparable injury, loss, or
damage will result to the movant before the adverse party can be heard in
opposition; and (B) the movant’s attorney certifies in writing any efforts made to
give notice and the reasons why it should not be required.
Plaintiff’s motion fails both prongs of Rule 65(b)(1). Plaintiff has not submitted an affidavit
showing that he will suffer immediate and irreparable injury if the Court declines to issue a
temporary restraining order without notice. Although Plaintiff asserts he will be irreparably
damaged by the sale of his assets, which becomes final later today, he does not explain why no
effort was made to give notice to Defendant of this action when the case was filed on December
20, or why he waited until after the sale to seek a stay. Furthermore, it is unclear that this Court
has jurisdiction to review a Kansas citizen’s challenge to a Kansas state agency’s action in aid of
satisfying a tax deficiency.3
In his motion, Plaintiff also seeks leave of Court to serve the Complaint and this Court’s
Order on the Kansas Department of Revenue. Plaintiff shall await a ruling on his motion to
proceed in forma pauperis. If that motion is granted, “[t]he officers of the court shall issue and
serve all process.”4
For all of these reasons, Plaintiff’s motion to stay execution must be denied.
Whitney v. New Mexico, 113 F.3d 1170, 1173 (10th Cir. 1997).
See 28 U.S.C. § 1332; see Lambeth v. Miller, 363 F. App’x 565, 567 (10th Cir. 2010) (quoting Exxon
Mobil Corp. v. Saudi Basic Indus. Corp., 544 U.S. 280, 284 (2005)) (discussing the Rooker-Feldman doctrine).
28 U.S.C. § 1915(d).
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED BY THE COURT that Plaintiff’s Motion for Stay of
Execution (Doc. 4) is denied.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated: January 5, 2017
S/ Julie A. Robinson
JULIE A. ROBINSON
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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