McKinney v. Kansas Best Pizza, Inc.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER denying as moot 3 Motion to Appoint Next of Friend ad Litem. Signed by Magistrate Judge Gerald L. Rushfelt on 6/29/2017. (hl)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
DARRIEN MCKINNEY, as biological father
And Next Friend of KM,
Case No. 17-2369-JAR-GLR
KANSAS BEST PIZZA, INC.,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Pending before the Court is the Motion for Appointment of Next Friend Pursuant to Rule
17(c) (ECF 3), filed by Darrien McKinney, the father of Plaintiff KM, a minor. In support of this
request Darrien McKinney states that KM desires to assert certain claims in this matter and that,
because KM is a minor, cannot do so on her own behalf. Thus, Darrien McKinney has consented
to act as next friend of KM in order to pursue such claims on behalf of KM.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provide for cases in which parties may sue by a
“next friend” or guardian ad litem.1 More specifically, Rule 17(c) states as follows:
(c) Minor or Incompetent Person.
(1) With a Representative. The following representatives may sue or defend on
behalf of a minor or an incompetent person:
(A) a general guardian;
(B) a committee;
(C) a conservator; or
(D) a like fiduciary.
(2) Without a Representative. A minor or an incompetent person who does not
have a duly appointed representative may sue by a next friend or by a guardian ad
litem. The court must appoint a guardian ad litem--or issue another appropriate
order--to protect a minor or incompetent person who is unrepresented in an
Fed. R. Civ. P. 17(c).
Applying the rule to the facts presented here, the Court finds that, as the natural father of KM,
Darrien McKinney qualifies as a general guardian who may sue on behalf of a minor, without
needing a formal court appointment.3 For these reasons, the Court finds the motion for
appointment of next friend is moot.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED BY THE COURT that the Motion for Appointment
of Next Friend Pursuant to Rule 17(c) (ECF 3) is denied as moot. The Court recognizes Darrien
McKinney’s status as a general guardian of KM, and in that capacity Mr. McKinney may sue on
KM’s behalf pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 17(c)(1)(A).
Dated: June 29, 2017
s/Gerald L. Rushfelt
Gerald L. Rushfelt
U. S. Magistrate Judge
Meredith ex rel. Meredith v. Dusin, No. 03-2532, 2003 WL 22844157, at *1 (D. Kan. Nov. 12, 2003)
(citing Burk v. Smith, 252 F.3d 1260, 1264 (11th Cir. 2001); Communities for Equity v. Mich. High Sch. Athletic
Ass’n, 26 F. Supp. 2d 1001, 1006 (D. Mich. 1998)).
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