Graves v. Federal Express Corp.
ORDER denying 26 Motion to Appoint Counsel. Signed by Magistrate Judge James P. O'Hara on 1/10/2022. Mailed to pro se party Anderson David Graves by regular mail. (ca)
Case 2:21-cv-02469-JAR-JPO Document 27 Filed 01/10/22 Page 1 of 4
THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
ANDERSON DAVID GRAVES,
FEDEX GROUND PACKAGE SYSTEM, INC.,
Case No. 21-2469-JAR
The pro se plaintiff, Anderson David Graves, brings this action alleging he was
illegally discharged in response to his request for medical leave and for an accommodation
of his disability. He has filed a second motion requesting the court appoint him counsel
(ECF No. 26). For the reasons discussed below, the motion is denied without prejudice to
being re-filed at a later date.
As the court noted in denying plaintiff’s first motion for appointment of counsel,
there is no constitutional right to appointed counsel in civil cases such as this.1 The court
is not obligated to appoint counsel in every employment-discrimination case.2
decision to appoint counsel lies solely in the court’s discretion, which should be based on
Swafford v. Asture, No. 12-1417-SAC, 2012 WL 5512038, at *1 (D. Kan. Nov. 14,
2012) (citing Carper v. DeLand, 54 F.3d 613, 616 (10th Cir. 1995) and Durre v. Dempsey,
869 F.2d 543, 547 (10th Cir. 1989)).
Castner v. Colo. Springs Cablevision, 979 F.2d 1417, 1420 (10th Cir. 1992).
Case 2:21-cv-02469-JAR-JPO Document 27 Filed 01/10/22 Page 2 of 4
a determination that the circumstances are such that a denial of counsel would be
fundamentally unfair.3 “In determining whether to appoint counsel, the district court
should consider a variety of factors, including the merits of the litigant’s claims, the nature
of the factual issues raised in the claims, the litigant’s ability to present his claims, and the
complexity of the legal issues raised by the claims.”4 The court also considers the efforts
made by the litigant to retain his own counsel.5
The court still does not find it appropriate to appoint counsel for plaintiff. While it
appears from plaintiff’s first motion that he has been diligent in his efforts to find an
attorney to represent him, other factors weigh against appointing counsel. A review of the
papers prepared and filed by plaintiff indicates he is capable of presenting his case without
the aid of counsel, particularly given the liberal standards governing pro se litigants.
Plaintiff alleges he has “understanding and memory problems and concentration and
persistence problems,”6 but he does not explain how the problems affect his ability to
Long v. Shillinger, 927 F.2d 525, 527 (10th Cir. 1991); see also Joe Hand Prods.,
Inc. v. Tribelhorn, No. 11-2041, 2011 WL 2516700, at *1 (D. Kan. June 23, 2011)
(applying the Long factors to a defendant’s request for appointment of counsel).
Lister v. City of Wichita, Kan., 666 F. App’x 709, 713 (10th Cir. 2016) (quoting
Castner, 979 F.2d at 1420)); Tilmon v. Polo Ralph Lauren Factory Store, No. 17-2383JAR, 2017 WL 3503678, at *1 (D. Kan. July 6, 2017).
ECF No. 26 at 2. Plaintiff submits a “Mental Residual Functional Capacity
Assessment” completed by an APRN, which supports his assertion that he does have
limitations in these areas. ECF No. 26-1 at 3-4. He also states that it pains him to write
or type, but in that respect plaintiff may need a scribe, not an attorney.
Case 2:21-cv-02469-JAR-JPO Document 27 Filed 01/10/22 Page 3 of 4
prosecute this case. The factual and legal issues in the case are not extraordinarily complex.
Plaintiff alleges that after he was injured at work and became disabled, defendant
terminated him when he asked for medical leave and did not accommodate his disability.
The court has no doubt that the district judge who is assigned to this case will have little
trouble discerning the applicable law. It does not appear that this case presents any atypical
or complex legal issues. Finally, based on the limited factual allegations and claims
presented in the complaint, the court is unable to determine whether plaintiff’s claims are
In the end, the court concludes that this is not a case in which justice requires the
appointment of counsel at this time. If plaintiff devotes sufficient efforts to presenting his
case, the court is certain he can do so adequately without the aid of counsel. Plaintiff’s
request for appointment of counsel therefore is denied.
Plaintiff is hereby informed that, within 14 days after he is served with a copy of
this order, he may, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72 and D. Kan. Rule 72.1.4(a), file written
objections to this order by filing a motion requesting the presiding U.S. district judge to
review this order. A party must file any objections within the 14-day period if the party
wants to have appellate review of this order.
Copies of this order shall be sent by regular mail to the pro se plaintiff.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated January 10, 2022, at Kansas City, Kansas.
Case 2:21-cv-02469-JAR-JPO Document 27 Filed 01/10/22 Page 4 of 4
s/James P. O=Hara
James P. O’Hara
U.S. Magistrate Judge
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