Patterson v. Williams et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER denying 86 Motion for Reconsideration. Signed by District Judge Carlos Murguia on 1/18/2012. Mailed to pro se party Jaclyn Patterson, PO Box 2215, Topeka, KS 66601 by regular mail. (jw)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
BEN WILLIAMS, et al.
Case No. 10-cv-4094-CM
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Plaintiff Jacalyn Patterson, proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis, brought this action
alleging breach of contract, fraud, concealment, deception, and conspiracy against defendants. On
October 28, 2011, this court determined that plaintiff’s claims were barred by the applicable statute of
limitations and granted defendants Ben Williams, Christopher Williams, and Kristine C. (“K.C.”)
Williams’s motion to dismiss. The court also dismissed plaintiff’s claims against various unnamed
defendants for failure to prosecute. The court entered judgment on the same day. Before the court is
plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration (Doc. 86). For the following reasons, the court denies plaintiff’s
Plaintiff filed her motion for reconsideration within twenty-eight days of this court’s October
28, 2011 order and judgment. Therefore, her motion is considered under Federal Rule of Civil
Procedure 59(e). Under this rule, the grounds warranting reconsideration include (1) an intervening
change in law, (2) new evidence previously unavailable, and (3) the need to correct clear error or
prevent manifest injustice. Servants of the Paraclete v. Does, 204 F.3d 1005, 1012 (10th Cir. 2000).
Plaintiff’s first challenge to the court’s order and judgment is that plaintiff can now identify
some of the unnamed defendants as Christopher Williams and Kristine Williams. This argument fails
to satisfy any of the grounds warranting reconsideration. Specifically, this argument does not identify
a change in law, new evidence that was previously unavailable, or the need to correct clear error.
Indeed, Christopher Williams and Kristine Williams are already named defendants in this lawsuit.
Accordingly, plaintiff’s first argument does not warrant reconsideration of the court’s order and
judgment dismissing various unnamed defendants for failure to prosecute.
Plaintiff’s second challenge to the court’s order and judgment is that the court committed error
by applying the Kansas statute of limitations to plaintiff’s claims. The court disagrees. Because this
is a diversity case, the court applies the choice of law rules of the forum state. Garcia v. Int’l Elevator
Co., 358 F.3d 777, 780 (10th Cir. 2004). This court applied the Kansas choice of law rules and
determined that Arizona substantive law should apply to plaintiff’s claims. But a Kansas court
generally applies its own statute of limitations. Muzingo v. Vaught, 859 P.2d 977, 979 (Kan. Ct. App.
1993). So the Kansas statute of limitations still applies to plaintiff’s claims. Although the distinction
between substantive law and the statute of limitations can be confusing, the court correctly applied the
applicable principles in determining the relevant law for this case.
Along these same lines, plaintiff argues that the court should have borrowed the Arizona
statute of limitations. This argument misapplies the Kansas borrowing statute. The Kansas borrowing
statute works to prevent claims that are time-barred in the forum where the claim arose from being
litigated in Kansas. Kan. Stat. Ann. § 60-516. The borrowing statute does not work to extend the
Kansas limitations period. Muzingo, 859 P.2d at 980 (“[W]hen filed in this state, the action must be
timely filed under this state’s applicable statute of limitations.”). Under the facts of this case, the
court cannot borrow the Arizona statute of limitations to make plaintiff’s claims timely in Kansas.
Plaintiff’s last attempt to show the court committed error in applying the Kansas statute of
limitations is that both parties cited Arizona law in the moving papers. Based on this fact, plaintiff
argues that “[w]hen the parties agree then the Court standard is to put forth the same.” (Doc. 92 at 2.)
Plaintiff is correct that the court is not obligated to analyze a choice of law issue sua sponte. Kearl v.
Rausser, 293 F. App’x 592, 599 n.2 (10th Cir. 2008) (“‘[U]nlike jurisdictional issues, courts need not
address choice of law issues sua sponte.’”) (quoting Flying J Inc. v. Comdata Network, Inc., 405 F.3d
821, 831 n.4 (10th Cir. 2005)). But neither is the court prohibited from doing so.
Plaintiff’s third and final challenge to the court’s order and judgment relates only to defendant
Ben Williams. Specifically, plaintiff argues that the statute of limitations should be tolled because
defendant Ben Williams was in Australia. The court’s original order considered this argument and
rejected it because plaintiff’s complaint did not include allegations regarding tolling. The court
further determined that leave to amend would be futile because—even assuming that the statement in
plaintiff’s opposition appeared in plaintiff’s complaint—plaintiff had not offered allegations sufficient
to satisfy Kansas Statute Annotated § 60-517. And a motion for reconsideration is not a second
attempt to argue the same points. See Jones v. Wildgen, 349 F. Supp. 2d 1358, 1360–61 (D. Kan.
2004) (explaining that a motion to reconsider “is not a second opportunity for the losing party to make
its strongest case, to rehash arguments, or to dress up arguments that previously failed”).
Accordingly, plaintiff has not demonstrated that reconsideration is warranted.
To clarify the court’s original order, plaintiff’s opposition to the motion to dismiss argued that
“[t]o avoid issues of 2004 seemingly Ben Williams took up working in Australia for Chaffey Brother
Wines and a position of designing a label for a new wine which appeared on the internet.” (Doc. 71 at
3.) Plaintiff argues that because Ben Williams was physically absent from the state of Kansas, the
statute of limitations should be tolled. But this is an incorrect reading of the tolling statute.
Specifically, Kansas courts have explained that “a plaintiff does not sustain the burden of proving
facts sufficient to toll the statute of limitations by demonstrating merely that a defendant was
physically absent from the state.” Gideon v. Gates, 611 P.2d 166, 168 (Kan. Ct. App. 1980). Rather,
a plaintiff must also show that defendant’s whereabout were not known and that service of process
could not be effected. Id.; Kan. Stat. Ann. § 60-517 (“This section shall not apply to extend the period
of limitation as to any defendant whose whereabouts are known and upon whom service of summons
can be effected under the provisions of article 3 of this chapter.”). Courts have interpreted “known” to
mean “known to plaintiff, or by the exercise of due diligence should have been known to plaintiff.”
Gideon, 611 P.2d at 168 (internal quotation and citation omitted).
Plaintiff’s opposition to the motion to dismiss indicates that Ben Williams’s whereabouts were
known—namely, he was working for Chaffey Brother Wines in Australia. In addition, there is no
allegation that he could not be served with process while in Australia. And it appears to the court that
he could have been served with process. See, e.g., Kan. Stat. Ann. § 60-308(a)(2) and § 60-304(a)
(describing service of process for individuals outside of the state); Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(2)(a) and Dist.
Court Civil Rules for S. Australia 66 and 67 (available at
http://www.courts.sa.gov.au/lawyers/dc_rules/2006/DCR-2006-consol-am19.pdf) (last visited Jan. 18,
2012) (describing service of process for individuals in a foreign country).1 Accordingly, it would
have been futile to grant plaintiff leave to amend her complaint to include the allegations in her
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion for reconsideration (Doc. 86) is
Dated this 18th day of January, 2012, at Kansas City, Kansas.
s/ Carlos Murguia
United States District Judge
Australia acceded to the Hague Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil
and Commercial Matters in March 2010.
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