Szczygiel (ID 31809) v. Kansas, State of et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER denying 64 Motion for Writ of Mandamus. Signed by District Judge Eric F. Melgren on 4/27/2015. (cm)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
STAN E. SZCZYGIEL,
Case No. 14-CV-3011-EFM
STATE OF KANSAS, et al.,
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
This matter comes before the Court on Plaintiff Stan Szczygiel’s Motion for Writ of
Mandamus (Doc. 64). Plaintiff asks the Court to issue a writ of mandamus to compel U.S.
Attorney for the District of Kansas Barry Grissom to commence and conduct an investigation
into possible criminal acts committed by Defendants in this action. For the following reasons,
the Court denies Plaintiff’s motion.
Factual and Procedural Background
Plaintiff is an inmate in the custody of the Kansas Department of Corrections (“KDOC”)
at Norton Correctional Facility (“NCF”). On January 13, 2014, Plaintiff filed this suit pro se
against Defendants the State of Kansas and KDOC, as well as the following Kansas officials:
Ray Roberts, Secretary of Corrections; Douglas Burris, KDOC Facility Manager; Jay Shelton,
Warden NCF; Hazel Peterson, Classification Administrator NCF; and Joel Hrabe, Deputy
Warden NCF. On February 12, 2015, Plaintiff filed an Amended Complaint.
Highly summarized, Plaintiff’s Amended Complaint alleges as follows: In 1998, the
KDOC Mental Health Unit diagnosed Plaintiff with post-traumatic stress disorder, which
manifests itself as an acute form of claustrophobia. In May 2013, the KDOC Prisoner Review
Board conducted a parole hearing and determined that Plaintiff was eligible for placement in
KDOC’s work release program.
In August 2013, NCF staff prepared and submitted a
classification review on Plaintiff’s behalf, requesting that Plaintiff be classified as minimum
custody by exception so that he could participate in the work release program. Defendant Hrabe,
Deputy Warden at NCF, denied the request, citing Plaintiff’s mental health issues. Plaintiff
alleges that Defendants violated his Fourteenth, Eighth, and First Amendment rights, as well as
his rights under the ADA as a result of Defendant Hrabe’s denial of his minimum custody
Three days after he filed his Amended Complaint, Plaintiff filed a Motion for Writ of
Mandamus. Defendants did not respond to Plaintiff’s motion. Therefore, it is ripe for the
Under 28 U.S.C. § 1361, the district court “shall have jurisdiction of any action in the
nature of mandamus to compel an officer or employee of the United States or any agency thereof
to perform a duty owed to the plaintiff.” Mandamus, however, “is an extraordinary remedy that
is granted only in the exercise of sound discretion.”1 “To grant mandamus relief, the court must
Miller v. French, 530 U.S. 327, 339 (2000); Allied Chem. Corp. v. Daiflon, Inc., 449 U.S. 33, 34 (1980)
(per curiam) (“the remedy of mandamus is a drastic one, to be invoked only in extraordinary situations”).
find: (1) a clear right in the plaintiff to the relief sought; (2) a plainly defined and preemptory
duty on the part of the defendant to do the action in question; and (3) no other adequate remedy
is available.”2 A plaintiff seeking a writ of mandamus must be able to show by clear and
indisputable evidence that the writ should issue.3
Plaintiff asks the Court to issue a writ of mandamus compelling U.S. Attorney for the
District of Kansas Barry Grissom to conduct an investigation into possible criminal acts relevant
to this suit. Plaintiff argues that the documents on file with the Court and in Defendants’
possession establish the following criminal acts: (1) false declaration before a grand jury; (2)
perjury; (3) subordination of perjury; (4) fraud upon the court; (5) deprivation of civil rights
under color of state law; and (6) conspiracy against civil rights. In support of his argument,
Plaintiff incorporates by reference his response to Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss or in the
Alternative Motion for Summary Judgment, which the Court previously denied as moot.
Plaintiff also asks the Court to take judicial notice of nine documents, which the Court presumes
Plaintiff offers in support of his motion.
The Court finds that Plaintiff has in no way met his burden for mandamus relief. Plaintiff
has not (1) identified a clear right to relief, (2) identified a plainly defined and preemptory duty
on United States Attorney Grissom’s part to conduct an investigation, or (3) shown that no other
adequate remedy is available. Plaintiff’s motion simply avers, with no analysis, that the Court
should grant mandamus relief. Furthermore, his response to Plaintiff’s Motion to Dismiss or in
the Alternative Motion for Summary Judgment focuses only on the claims in his complaint.
Wilder v. Prokop, 846 F.2d 613, 620 (10th Cir. 1988).
Mallard v. United States, 490 U.S. 296, 309 (1989).
The Court also declines to take judicial notice of the nine documents set forth in
Plaintiff’s motion. Even if the Court did take judicial notice of these documents, such notice is
not helpful to Plaintiff because “notice of court records generally is limited to establishing the
existence of a document or an official act, not the truth of the facts stated therein.”4 Besides,
Plaintiff has not explained or shown how these documents support his motion. Simply citing
them is not enough to meet the high burden required for the Court to issue a writ of mandamus.
Plaintiff’s motion is therefore denied.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion for Writ of Mandamus (Doc.
64) is DENIED.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated this 27th day of April, 2015.
ERIC F. MELGREN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Benson v. Bryan, 2014 WL 6609375, at *1 n.1 (D. Kan. Nov. 20, 2014) (citing Hansen v. Harper
Excavating, Inc., 641 F.3d 1216, 1219 n.2 (10th Cir. 2011)).
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