Fraley (ID 56370) v. Tranbarger et al
ORDER denying 67 Motion to Appoint Counsel; denying 73 Motion for Special Master. Signed by Magistrate Judge James P. O'Hara on 10/26/2017. Mailed to pro se party by regular mail. (amh)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS
CASE NO. 16-3143-EFM
Plaintiff brings this pro se civil-rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff is an
inmate in the Kansas Department of Corrections. He has filed this action alleging inadequate
medical care after he broke off two front teeth. This matter is before the court on plaintiff’s
motion to appoint counsel (ECF No. 67) and separate motion to appoint a master (ECF No. 73).
For the reasons stated below, both motions are denied.
Motion to Appoint Counsel
In civil actions such as this one, there is no constitutional right to appointed counsel.1
The decision whether to appoint counsel in a civil matter lies in the discretion of the district
In deciding whether to appoint counsel, the court must evaluate “the merits of a
prisoner’s claims, the nature and complexity of the factual and legal issues, and the prisoner’s
Durre v. Dempsey, 869 F.2d 543, 547 (10th Cir. 1989); Carper v. DeLand, 54 F.3d 613, 616
(10th Cir. 1995).
Hill v. SmithKline Beecham Corp., 393 F.3d 1111, 1115 (10th Cir. 2004) (citing Rucks v.
Boergermann, 57 F.3d 978, 979 (10th Cir. 1995)); Williams v. Meese, 926 F.2d 994, 996 (10th
ability to investigate the facts and present his claims.”3 “The burden is on the [prisoner] to
convince the court that there is sufficient merit to his claim to warrant the appointment of
counsel.”4 It is not enough “that having counsel appointed would have assisted [the prisoner] in
presenting his strongest possible case, [as] the same could be said in any case.”5
Plaintiff’s motion requests counsel to help him understand legal authority. He also
asserts counsel would be better able to present his case to the court because plaintiff has no legal
The court has considered plaintiff’s motion and concludes that this is not a case in which
appointment of counsel is justified, at least at this juncture. First, it is not clear that plaintiff’s
claims have merit. Second, the factual and legal issues in the case are not complex. The court
has no doubt that the U.S. district judge assigned to this case will have little trouble discerning
the applicable law. Third, plaintiff has demonstrated the ability to investigate his claims.
Finally, plaintiff’s briefs are cogent, and plaintiff appears capable of adequately presenting facts
and arguments. The court therefore denies plaintiff’s request for counsel. However, if the case
survives defendants’ anticipated motion for summary judgment, plaintiff is given leave to file
another motion for appointment of counsel if it becomes apparent that appointed counsel is
necessary at that time.
Motion to Appoint Master
Plaintiff requests the appointment of a master under K.S.A § 60-253 and K.S.A. § 60216(c). Plaintiff’s request is denied. First, these statutes set forth state procedural rules that are
not applicable in this federal court. Second, even if the statutes were applicable, the reasons
Hill, 393 F.3d at 1115 (citing Rucks, 57 F.3d at 979).
Steffey v. Orman, 461 F.3d 1218, 1223 (10th Cir. 2006) (quoting Hill, 393 F.3d at 1115).
Steffey, 461 F.3d at 1223 (modifications in original) (quoting Rucks, 57 F.3d at 979).
given by plaintiff for his request for a master are essentially the same as the reasons given for his
request for counsel. The court has determined above that plaintiff is capable of presenting his
case to a U.S. district judge pro se.
Plaintiff is hereby informed that, within 14 days after he is served with a copy of this
order, he may, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72 and D. Kan. Rule 72.1.4(a), file written objections
to this order by filing a motion for review of this order by the presiding U.S. district judge.
Plaintiff must file any objections within the 14-day period if he wants to have appellate review of
this order. If plaintiff does not timely file his objections, no court will allow appellate review.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion to appoint counsel is denied
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion for appointment of a master is
A copy of this order shall be mailed to plaintiff via regular mail.
Dated this 26th day of October, 2017, in Kansas City, Kansas.
s/ James P. O’Hara
James P. O’Hara
U.S. Magistrate Judge
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